Use and effectiveness of neem coated urea: A pan-India exploration


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Authors

  • A K SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • KESHAVA KESHAVA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • R ROY BURMAN ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SUDIPTA PAUL ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SUKANYA SOM ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • ANJANI KUMAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • B C DEKA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • A K TRIPATHI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • Y G PRASAD ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • ATAR SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • RAJBIR SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • LAKHAN SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • S S SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • S K SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • M J CHANDRE GOWDA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • ANUPAM MISHRA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • V P CHAHAL ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122695

Keywords:

Crop yield, Environmental sustainability, Neem coated urea (NCU), Nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), Nitrogenous fertilizer

Abstract

It has become mandatory for all the domestic producers of urea to produce Neem Coated Urea (NCU) since 2015 to reduce overall input cost in farming and to ensure environmental sustainability through enhanced nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The present study was carried out during 2017–19 with the aim to find out the awareness level of farmers about NCU and its impact on crop productivity. A total of 12,604 farmers across the country were interviewed by 458 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs). The results of the study showed that 76% farmers were aware about NCU and its effectiveness in increasing crop yield. Farmers of Delhi NCR, Haryana and Rajasthan were found to have the highest awareness while those of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Jammu & Kashmir had the lowest level of awareness. Overall, 79% farmers were satisfied with its use. Use of N fertilizers decreased significantly in 2018 compared to 2017 in both the seasons (kharif and rabi), however, the existing rate of application was still significantly higher than recommended doses. The average yield enhancement due to use of NCU was 8.25%. The highest yield increase due to use of NCU was observed in Goa, Madhya Pradesh, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Results of the study implied that more emphasis is needed for dissemination of information about NCU through awareness, training and capacity building programmes for farmers and grassroots level extension functionaries.

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References

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Submitted

2022-03-28

Published

2022-03-29

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Articles

How to Cite

SINGH, A. K., KESHAVA, K., BURMAN, R. R., PAUL, S., SOM, S., KUMAR, A., DEKA, B. C., TRIPATHI, A. K., PRASAD, Y. G., SINGH, A., SINGH, R., SINGH, L., SINGH, S. S., SINGH, S. K., GOWDA, M. J. C., MISHRA, A., & CHAHAL, V. P. (2022). Use and effectiveness of neem coated urea: A pan-India exploration. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 362-366. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122695
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