Relative performance of drip irrigation in comparison to conventional methods of irrigation in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) in south-west Haryana


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Authors

  • JITENDER KUMAR CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal, Haryana 123 501, India
  • AMARJEET NIBHORIA CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal, Haryana 123 501, India
  • PARMOD KUMAR YADAV CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal, Haryana 123 501, India
  • SATYAJEET CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal, Haryana 123 501, India
  • MUKESH JAT CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal, Haryana 123 501, India
  • SUNDEEP KUMAR ANTIL CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Krishi Vigyaan Kendra, Panipat, Haryana

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i12.123417

Keywords:

Drip irrigation, Flood irrigation, Indian mustard, Productivity, Sprinkler irrigation, Water use efficiency

Abstract

Application of water directly to the root zone through micro-irrigation system can reduce the water, fertilizer and labour requirements by improving their availability and use-efficiency. An experiment was conducted during winter (rabi) seasons of 2019–20 and 2020–21 at the research farm of CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal, Haryana to study the relative performance of drip irrigation in comparison to conventional methods of irrigation in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.]. The experiment consisted 7 treatments, viz. two irrigations through flooding (as per state recommendation) at flowering and siliqua formation stage; two irrigations through sprinkler at flowering and siliqua formation stage; three irrigations through sprinkler at flowering, siliqua formation and seed development stage; and 6, 8, 10 and 12 split irrigations were applied from 30 days after sowing (DAS) through drip at 12, 9, 7 and 6 days interval, respectively. Volume of irrigation water under each treatment was same as under recommended practice of two flood irrigations (120 mm). Irrigation applied through drip at 6 days interval in 12 splits and at 7 days interval in 10 splits produced statistically similar seed yield to each other (22.51 and 21.94 q/ha, respectively) and significantly higher than recommended irrigation practice (18.92 q/ha) and sprinkler method of irrigation (18.62 and 19.32 q/ha) during 2019–20. The irrigation through drip in 12 splits (10 mm each) at an interval of 6 days between 30 to100 days after sowing also recorded the highest irrigation water-use efficiency (IWUE) (188 and 181 kg/ha-cm in 2019–20 and 2020–21, respectively). Based on these findings, it can be suggested to apply irrigation in Indian mustard through drip in 12 splits (10 mm depth each) at an interval of 6 days between 30 to100 DAS to get higher yield and water use efficiency.

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Submitted

2022-05-04

Published

2023-12-19

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Articles

How to Cite

KUMAR, J. ., NIBHORIA, A. ., YADAV, P. K. ., SATYAJEET, JAT, M. ., & ANTIL, S. K. . (2023). Relative performance of drip irrigation in comparison to conventional methods of irrigation in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) in south-west Haryana. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(12), 1320–1325. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i12.123417
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