Large-scale IPM validation in whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)-prone cotton (Gossypium spp.) fields adjoining kinnow orchards


Abstract views: 97 / PDF downloads: 130

Authors

  • ANOOP KUMAR ICAR-National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • AJANTA BIRAH ICAR-National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • R K TANWAR ICAR-National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • M K KHOKHAR ICAR-National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • S P SINGH ICAR-National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i3.123543

Keywords:

Cotton, Conservation, IPM, Leafhoppers, Parasitization, Whitefly

Abstract

Whitefly [Bemisia tabaci (Gen)] is a serious sucking pest of cotton in the north zone of India. Cotton (Gossypium
spp.) fields adjoining kinnow orchards used to have a quite higher incidence of whiteflies compared to the fields
away from orchards. Therefore, the study was carried out at ICAR-National Centre for Integrated Pest Management,
New Delhi during 2017–19 to implement integrated pest management (IPM) validation trial in cotton fields located
adjoining the kinnow orchards in the village Nihalkhera of district Fazilka, Punjab in farmers’ participatory (FP). The
IPM strategy consists of weed removal from orchards, timely sowing of recommended cotton hybrid, 4 foliar sprays
of 2% potassium nitrate, use of azadirachtin 1500 ppm @5 ml/litre, conservation of natural enemies by avoidance of
insecticides that are harmful (IOBC Class-4) to natural enemies and judicious use of safer pesticides (IOBC class1
and 2). The IPM adoption resulted in the successful management of whitefly and other sucking pests along with a
two to three-fold increase in predator population compared to FP. IPM recorded a substantial reduction in the use of pesticide active ingredients (86%) and the number of sprays (58%) along with high parasitization (35.32–45.98%) of whitefly nymphs by Encarsia sp. IPM provided a significant increase in yield (23%), net return (57.5%) along with
a high benefit cost (B:C) ratio of 2.65.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bala Kiran, Sood A, Thakur Sudeshna and Singh Vinay. 2018. Effect of plant nutrition in insect pest management: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(4): 2737–42.

Birah Ajanta, Tanwar R K, Kumar Anoop, Singh S P, Kumar Rakesh and Kanwar V. 2019. Evaluation of pest management practices against sucking pests of Bt cotton. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(1): 123–28.

Chandi R S, Kumar V, Dhawan A K and Saini S. 2015. Economic impact of dissemination of management strategies for sucking insect pests on transgenic cotton in Punjab, India. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 50(1): 93–103.

Dhawan A K, Kumar V, Singh J and Aneja A. 2011. Impact of integrated pest management practices on insect-pest incidence, natural enemies populations and yield of seed cotton. Journal of Insect Science 24: 80–85.

Flint M L. 2015. Pest Notes: Whiteflies. Oakland: University California Agriculture Natural Resource Publication 7401. Available online at URL http://ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7401.

Karut K and Akdagcik Z. 2006. Determination of parasitism status of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in cotton fields in Cukurova. Turkish Entomologist 30: 33–41.

Khan M A and Ruberson J R. 2017. Lethal effects of selected novel pesticides on immature stages of Trichogramma pretiosum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Pest Management Science 73(12): 2465–72. doi: 10.1002/ps.4639.

Kumar Anoop, Singh N N and Mishra V K. 2016. Safety of Insecticides to Egg Parasitoid Trichogramma chilonis Ishii. Indian Journal of Entomology 78(1): 82–88. doi: 10.5958/0974- 8172.2016.00016.X.

Kumar Rishi, Monga D, Nitharwal M, Jat S L and Kumar Kishor Chand. 2011. Validation of eco friendly integrated pest management (IPM) packages in Bt cotton at farmers participatory field. Journal of Cotton Research and Development 25: 243–47.

Kumar Vijay, Singh Kular Jagdev, Kumar Rishi, Singh Sidhu Sukhdev and Kumar Chuneja Pradeep. 2020. Integrated whitefly [Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)] management in Bt-cotton in North India: an agro ecosystem-wide community-based approach. Current Science 119(4): 1–7.

Kumar Anoop, Birah Ajanta, Tanwar R K, Khokhar Mukesh Kumar, Singh S P, Monga D, Kumar Rishi and Arora J K. 2021. Validation of IPM strategy in Bt cotton in whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) hot spot of North-West India. Indian journal of Agricultural Science 91(7): 1088–92.

Mohan S, Monga D, Kumar Rishi, Nagrare V, Gotke Narkhetkar Nandini, Vennila S, Tanwar R K, Sharma O P, Bhagat Someshwar, Agarwal Menu, Chattopadhyay C, Kumar Rakesh, Birah Ajanta, Amaresan N, Singh Amar, Sushil S N, Asre Ram, Kapoor K S, Jeykumar P and Satyagopal K. 2014. Integrated Pest Management Package for cotton 84.

Naik Chinna Babu V, Kranthi S K and Rahul Vishwakarma. 2017. Impact of newer pesticides and botanicals on sucking pests management in cotton under high density planting system (HDPS) in India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6): 1083–86.

Pervez H, Ashraf Mohd Tashfeen, Makhdum M I and Mahmood T. 2007. Potassium nutrition of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in relation to cotton leaf curl virus disease in aridisols. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39: 529–39.

Rawal R, Dhaiya K K, Kumar A. 2018. Parasitization of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) by nymphal parasitoid Encarsia spp. on different cotton genotypes. Journal of Experimental Zoology India 21(1): 415–18.

Sangha K S, Shera P S, Sharma S and Kaur R. 2018. Natural enemies of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on cotton in Punjab. Indian Journal of Biological Control 32(4): 270–74.

Saravanan P, Divya S, Venkatesan P, Tanwar R, Birah A and Chattopadhyay C. 2015. Trend analysis of pests and diseases complex in Bt cotton. Journal of Crop Protection 4(4): 431–39.

Tanwar R K, Bambawale O M, Jeyakumar P, Dhandapani A, Kanwar Vikas, Sharma O P and Monga D. 2007. Impact of IPM on natural enemies in irrigated cotton of north India. Entomon 32(1): 25–32.

Tanwar R K, Bambawale O M, Jeyakumar P, Monga D, Dhandapani A, Kanwar V, Sharma O P, Jat Mangal Chand, Sangle U S and Meena B L. 2006. Validation of farmer participatory IPM approach in irrigated cotton of North India, The Indus cottons 3: 256–61.

Varma S and Bhattacharya A. 2015. Whitefly destroys 2/3rd of Punjab’s cotton crop, 15 farmers commit suicide. The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Whitefly-destroys-2/3rd-of-Punjabs-cotton-crop-15-farmers-commit-suicide/articleshow/49265083.cms.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-05-10

Published

2023-03-31

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

KUMAR, A., BIRAH, A., TANWAR, R. K., KHOKHAR, M. K., & SINGH, S. P. (2023). Large-scale IPM validation in whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)-prone cotton (Gossypium spp.) fields adjoining kinnow orchards. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(3), 296–301. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i3.123543
Citation