Effect of silicon fertilization on wheat productivity and profitability in Southern Rajasthan


Abstract views: 152 / PDF downloads: 97

Authors

  • ROSHAN CHOUDHARY Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • S K SHARMA Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • R S CHOUDHARY Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • S K YADAV
  • GAJANAND JAT Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • HARI SINGH Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • B SRI SAI SIDDARTHA NAIK Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i4.123984

Keywords:

Profitability, Quality, Silicon, Wheat and Yield

Abstract

Area under organic cultivation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is increasing in India. The present two-year study was carried out during 2017–18 and 2018–19 to observe the yield performance of wheat with application of silicon solution (amorphous silica SiO2) under sub-humid conditions of southern plains and Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan. Factorial RBD with five levels of silicon concentration and three growth stages, viz. CRI, tillering and jointing stages were replicated thrice during rabi season of 2017–18 and 2018–19 at Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Results revealed that application of silicon 8 g/litre water at tillering stage proved significantly superior in enhancing growth characteristics, yield attributes, yield and also gave maximum net returns of 110281/ha and B:C ratio of 2.32

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A O A C.1960. Association of official agricultural Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 8th Education Association Official Agricultural Chemists. Washington. D.C.

Ahmad M, El-Saeid M H, Akram M A, Ahmad H R, Haroon H and Hussain A. 2016. Silicon fertilization—A tool to boost up drought tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop for better yield. Journal of Plant Nutrition 39: 1283–91.

Choudhary R, Sharma S K and Choudhary R S. 2017. Effect of bio-herbal growth promoter on growth and yield of wheat grown under organic management. Chemical Sciences Review and Letters 6(22):1022–26.

Gholami Y and Falah A. 2013. Effects of two different sources of silicon on dry matter production, yield, and yield components of rice Hashemi variety and 843 lines. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 5: 227–31.

Govt. of India. 2016. All India area production and yield of wheat along with coverage under irrigation. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016, pp.75-77. Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Oxford University Press.

Govt. of Rajasthan. Agricultural statistics, 2017. Department of Agriculture, Government of Rajasthan. www.agriculture. rajasthan.gov.in.

IPNI. 2018. Nutri Facts: Silicon. Available online: http:// www. i p n i . n e t / p u b l i c a t i o n / n u t r i f a c t s - n a . n s f / 0 / A7B4AB4D35C153BF85257ECE006E0E34/$FILE/ NutriFacts-NA-14.pdf. Accessed on 27 March.

Jackson M L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis, pp. 263–393. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Jain D, Sanadhya S, Saheewala M, Heena D, Shukwal A, Singh P B, Meena R H, Choudhary R, Mohanty S R and Singh A. 2020. Molecular diversity analysis of plant growth promoting Rhizobium isolated from groundnut and evaluation of their field efficacy. Current microbiology 77: 1550–57.

Panse V G and Sukhatme P V. 1982. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi. Pooja, Choudhary R, Sharma S K, Jat G, Choudhary R S, Yadav S K, Jain R K and Neha. 2019. Growth, yield and uptake of wheat as influenced by doses of silicon and its time of application under organic farming. International Journal of Chemical Studies 7(5): 4498–4501.

Ravishankar N, Sharma S K, Singh D K and Panwar A S. 2016. Organic farming in India production issues and strategies. Indian farming 66: 16–23.

Scott A. 2018. Global Food Security: Could Wheat Feed the World? Available online: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals network/2014/apr/01/international wheat-yield-partnership-food-security. Accessed on 27 March.

Singh K K, Singh K, Singh R, Singh Y and Singh C S. 2006. Response of nitrogen and silicon levels on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Oryza 43: 220.

Soratto R P, Crusciol C A C, Castro G S A, Costa C H M D and Ferrari Neto J. 2012. Leaf application of silicic acid to white oat and wheat. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 36: 1538–44.

Takahashi E and Miyake Y. 1977. Silica and plant growth. In: Proceedings International Seminar on Soil Environment and Fertility Management in Intensive Agriculture. Tokio: Nippon Dojohiyo Gakkai 603-611.

Toth S S, Prince A I, Wallace A and Mikkelsen D S. 1948. Rapid quantitative determination of eight mineral elements in plant tissue by a systematic produce involving use of a flame photometer. Soil Science 66: 459–66.

Yadav S K, Sharma S K, Choudhary R, Jain R K and Jat G. 2020. Yield performance and economics of wheat varieties under organic farming. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 90(11): 2225–32.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-05-17

Published

2022-05-18

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

CHOUDHARY, R. ., SHARMA, S. K. ., CHOUDHARY, R. S. ., YADAV, S. K. ., JAT, G. ., SINGH, H. ., & SIDDARTHA NAIK, B. S. S. . (2022). Effect of silicon fertilization on wheat productivity and profitability in Southern Rajasthan. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(4), 500-504. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i4.123984
Citation