Assessment of genetic variability in bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum) under heat stress


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Authors

  • SAMITA Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • MUKESH KUMAR
  • VIKRAM SINGH Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • SUNAINA YADAV Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • SURESH YADAV Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • KAVITA Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • DEEPAK KUMAR Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • RAJU RAM CHOUDHARY Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i4.124005

Keywords:

Diversity, Grain yield, Heat stress, Wheat

Abstract

The present study was carried out during rabi 2017–18, at wheat research farm, Department of genetics and plant breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana to assess the genetic diversity of 64 genotypes of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under late sown conditions based on the morpho-physiological traits. Analysis of variance depicted significant differences for all morpho-physiological traits under heat stress. Mean sum of squares due to genotypes were found significant for all the traits, indicating the presence of sufficient genetic variability among the genotypes. High estimates of phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV), genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) and high heritability coupled with high genetic advance were observed for traits, viz. spike weight, relative stress injury, chlorophyll stability index and GGR28 indicating additive gene action in expression of the traits and simple selection will be effective for the improvement of these traits. Correlation coefficient analysis revealed that increased grain yield under heat stress conditions was significantly contributed by spike weight (0.699), spike length (0.646), harvest index (0.616), spikelets per spike (0.445), number of productive tillers (0.393), grains per spike (0.390), 1000-grain weight (0.364), biological yield (0.360), GGR14 (0.332) and chlorophyll stability index (0.330). Among the traits studied, biological yield per plot (0.8421) and harvest index (0.9686)
recorded for highest positive direct effect on grain yield in late sown conditions. The grain yield is indirectly contributed
by spike length, spike weight, spikelets per spike, CSI, GGR14 through harvest index and number of productive tillers per
meter, spike weight, thousand grain weight, GGR14 through biological yield. 

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References

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Submitted

2022-05-18

Published

2022-05-18

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Articles

How to Cite

SAMITA, KUMAR, M. ., SINGH, V. ., YADAV, S. ., YADAV, S. ., KAVITA, KUMAR, D. ., & CHOUDHARY, R. R. . (2022). Assessment of genetic variability in bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum) under heat stress. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(4), 511-505. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i4.124005
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