Economically viable Mushroom (Pleurotus djamor) farming for nutritional security in Uttarakhand


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Authors

  • HARAPRIYA NAYAK Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand
  • ARCHANA KUSHWAHA Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India
  • SARITA SRIVASTAVA Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India
  • K P S KUSHWAHA Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India
  • PRAKASH CHANDRA BEHERA College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
  • PRAKASH BALA ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • N C SHAHI Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India
  • ANIL KUMAR Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bihar.

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i5.124628

Keywords:

Biological efficiency, Benefit to cost ratio, Nutritional security, Pleurotus djamor

Abstract

Pink oyster mushroom (Pleurotus djamor) owns a pleasant colour, good sensory attributes, high nutritional value, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and medicinal properties. Cultivation of different types of mushroom has been accepted as a short-term income generating avenue under crop production for livelihood of the farmers. The present study was carried out to assess the nutritional quality, anti-oxidant activities and economic benefits of pink oyster mushroom at Research farm of G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand during 2015–18. The fresh whole mushroom was assessed for yield and physical parameters. It was exposed to 60±20C temperature for 8 h to prepare dried mushroom powder. The dried powder was used for proximate composition analysis and anti-oxidant activity study. The cost to benefit ratio was calculated on the basis of gross expenditure and net profit incurred in the trial field. The high contents of protein, fat and carbohydrate along with good anti-oxidant property and biological efficiency revealed the mushroom as a rich source of quality nutrients. The yield of 740.60 g/kg wheat straw with
benefit to cost ratio of 2.60 depicted economical viability of mushroom farming. The study concludes that, pink oyster mushroom farming can be explored for nutritional security in alleviating the malnutrition with economic benefits to the farmers in Uttarakhand.

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Author Biography

  • ARCHANA KUSHWAHA, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India

    Pink oyster mushroom (Pleurotus djamor) owns a pleasant colour, good sensory attributes, high nutritional value, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and medicinal properties. Cultivation of different types of mushroom has been accepted as a short-term income generating avenue under crop production for livelihood of the farmers. The present study was carried out to assess the nutritional quality, anti-oxidant activities and economic benefits of pink oyster mushroom at Research farm of G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand during 2015–18. The fresh whole mushroom was assessed for yield and physical parameters. It was exposed to 60±20C temperature for 8 h to prepare dried mushroom powder. The dried powder was used for proximate composition analysis and anti-oxidant activity study. The cost to benefit ratio was calculated on the basis of gross expenditure and net profit incurred in the trial field. The high contents of protein, fat and carbohydrate along with good anti-oxidant property and biological efficiency revealed the mushroom as a rich source of quality nutrients. The yield of 740.60 g/kg wheat straw with benefit to cost ratio of 2.60 depicted economical viability of mushroom farming. The study concludes that, pink oyster mushroom farming can be explored for nutritional security in alleviating the malnutrition with economic benefits to the farmers in Uttarakhand.

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Submitted

2022-06-08

Published

2022-06-14

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How to Cite

NAYAK, H., KUSHWAHA, A. ., SRIVASTAVA, S. ., KUSHWAHA, K. P. S. ., CHANDRA BEHERA, P., BALA, P., SHAHI, N. C. ., & KUMAR, A. (2022). Economically viable Mushroom (Pleurotus djamor) farming for nutritional security in Uttarakhand. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(5), 577-581. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i5.124628
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