Effect of different nutrients on sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) in mid hills of Himachal Pradesh

Abstract views: 734 / PDF downloads: 645


  • ARCHANA SHARMA Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni Solan Himachal Pradesh 173 230 India
  • JAGJEET CHAND SHARMA Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni Solan Himachal Pradesh 173 230 India
  • KRISHAN LAL GAUTAM Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni Solan Himachal Pradesh 173 230 India



Balanced fertilization, Economics, Yield


An experiment was conducted during rainy (kharif) season of 2020 and 2021 to study the influence assessment of different nutrients in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum var. Grossum L.) Experiment comprised of 9 treatments laid in randomized block design (RBD) tested against absolute control. Two year pooled data analysis revealed that, application of 150% NPK + FYM produced maximum number of fruits (11.62), fruit length (7.37 cm), fruit width (6.76 cm), average fruit weight (73.0 g), HI (31.60 %), yield (314.3 q/ha) and earned maximum net returns (₹462215.8). Treatment T9 (150% NPK + FYM) also recorded maximum plant nutrient contents and their uptake, and found to be statistically at par with T8 (100% NPK + FYM) which also recorded higher benefit-cost ratio. Application of 100% NPK produced 239.2 q/ha capsicum and gave net returns of ₹373618.8 and 3.56 benefit cost (B:C) ratio. Application of 100% NPK + FYM recorded 289.6 q/ha capsicum yield and net returns of ₹435785.4 with B:C of 3.04 and proved as the best treatment for enhancing yield and economics of capsicum under mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Therefore, the recommended practice, i.e. Application of 100% NPK (100: 76: 54 kg/ha) + FYM (250 q/ ha) is the best alternative of NPK inorganic fertilizers and best nutrient management practice to exploit the better eco-friendly economic capsicum yield.


Download data is not yet available.


Alhrout H H. 2017. Response of growth and yield components of sweet pepper to different kind of fertilizer under greenhouse condition in Jordan. Journal of Agricultural Science 9: 265–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v9n10p265

Altaf M A, Shahid R, Altaf M A, Ren M X, Tan K, Xiang W Q, Qadir A, Shakoor A and Altaf M M. 2019. Effect of NPK and organic manure and their combination on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of chilli (Capsicum annum L.). Horticulture International Journal 3: 217–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15406/hij.2019.03.00135

Batabyal K, Mandal B, Sarkar D, Murmu S, Tamang A, Das I, Harzaa G C and Chattopadhyaya P S. 2016. Comprehensive assessment of nutrient management technologies for cauliflower production under subtropical condition. European Journal of Agronomy 79: 1–13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2016.04.009

Bekeko Z. 2014. Effect of enriched farmyard manure and inorganic fertilizers on grain yield and harvest index of hybrid maize (bh- 140) at Chiro, eastern Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research 9: 663–69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR12.2241

Devasenapathy P, Ramesh T and Gangwar B. 2008. Efficiency Indices for Agriculture Management Research, pp. 136. New India Publishing Agency, New Delhi. DOI: https://doi.org/10.59317/9788194281504

Ghayal R G, Vaida K P and Dademal A A. 2018. Effect of different organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in lateritic soil of Konkan. International Journal of Chemical Studies 6: 3452–54.

Kaur A and Rattan P. 2021. Effect of organic manures and chemical fertilizers on growth, yield and quality traits of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) cv Punjab chappankaddu. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 11: 142–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2021/v11i430402

Kavitha P and Rao K J. 2010. Comparative studies of sewage sludge, urban compost and FYM on yield parameters, major nutrients uptake and economics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Journal of Soils and Crops 20: 183–88.

Kharga S, Sarma P, Warde S D, Debnath P, Wanchu L, Singh A K and Simray A G. 2019. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield parameters of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) under protected condition. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 8: 1862–871. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.219

Majhi P, Rout K K, Nanda G, Singh M. 2021. Long term effects of fertilizer and manure application on productivity, sustainability and soil properties in a rice-rice system on Inceptisols of Eastern India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 52(14): 1631–44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2021.1892723

Narayan S, Kanth R H, Narayan R, Khan F A, Saxena A and Hussain T. 2014. Effect of planting dates and integrated nutrient management on productivity and profitability of potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agronomy 59(1): 145–50.

Narayanamma M, Chiranjeevis C H, Ahmed R and Chaturvedi A. 2010. Influence of integrated nutrient management on the yield, nutrient status amd quality of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Vegetable Science 37: 61–63.

Pariari A and Khan S. 2013. Integrated nutrient management of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) in Gangetic alluvial plains. Journal of Crop and Weed 9: 128–30.

Purohit D, Mandal M, Dash A, Rout K K, Panda N and Singh M. 2019. Influence of long term fertilization on soil microbial biomass and dehydrogenase activity in relation to crop productivity in an acid inceptisol. Orzya 56: 305–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35709/ory.2019.56.3.6

Rajiv and Tomar S. 2022. Integrated use of organic and inorganic sources of nutrient in French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 92(4): 445–49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i4.123899

Ren T, Wang J, Chen Q, Zhang F and Lu S. 2014. The effects of manure and nitrogen fertiliser application on soil organic carbon and nitrogen in a high input cropping system. Plos One 9: 97732–35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097732

Sharma V. 2016. Effect of nutrient management on growth and yield of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var botrytis) inside low cost polyhouse. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 42: 88–92.

Tekesangla, Kanaujia S P and Singh P K. 2015. Integrated nutrient management for quality production of cauliflower in acid alfisol of Nagaland. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 28: 244–47.

Triveni V, Mishra H N, Pathanayak S K, Sahoo G S and Thomson T. 2015. Effect of inorganic, organic fertilizers and biofertilizers on growth, flowering, yield and quality attributes of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.). International Journal of Farm Science 5: 24–29.









How to Cite

SHARMA, A., SHARMA, J. C., & GAUTAM, K. L. (2023). Effect of different nutrients on sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) in mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(6), 591–595. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.124711