An Exploratory Study on Farmer’s Perception about dairy-based Farmer Producer Companies in India

Abstract views: 188 / PDF downloads: 133


  • SUNIL KUMAR ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • GOPAL SANKHALA ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • PRIYAJOY KAR ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • P H ROMEN SHARMA ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • DEVENDRA KUMAR MEENA ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India


Awareness, Farmer, FPCs, Perception, Sustainability


Farmer Producer Company (FPCs) has emerged as a novel collective approach model and is considered to be a very effective tool for improving the overall socio-economic development of small and marginal farmers in India. To authenticate this prerogative, a survey was conducted among 360 dairy farmer members of 12 dairy-based farmer producer companies in three states of India. Most of the farmers expressed that the major objectives of FPCs are to maximize the benefits of members (75.50%), capacity building of its members (76.38%), better accessibility of agricultural services (74.44%) followed by reducing the transport cost of members (72.75%). Furthermore, the study has also investigated the socio-economic variables and their relationship with the individual perception of the farmer about FPCs. Findings aid us to formulate an appropriate strategy that will help to improve the farmers’ perception about the FPCs. Enhanced farmers’ awareness and knowledge about the beneficial effects of FPCs will encourage fellow farmers to form FPCs and reap its benefits on a larger scale 


Download data is not yet available.


A S A. 2009. Manual for producer companies-Volume-I and II. Action for Social Advancement (ASA). Prepared for district poverty initiatives program (DPIP), Madhya Pradesh.

Asante B O, Afari–Sefa V and Sarpong D B. 2011. Determinants of small-scale farmer’s decision to join farmer-based organizations in Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6(10): 2273–79.

Bachke M E. 2009. Are farmers’ organizations a good tool to improve small-scale farmers’ welfare? Paper presented at the II Conferencia do IESE “Dinamicas da Pobreza e Padroes de Acumulacao em Moçambique”, Maputo, 22–23 April. Available online at

Bernard T and Spielman D J. 2009. Reaching the rural poor through rural producer organizations? A study of agricultural marketing cooperatives in Ethiopia. Food Policy 34: 60–69. DOI:

Bikkina N, Turaga R M R and Bhamoriya V. 2018. Farmer producer companies s as Farmer Collectives: A Case Study from India. Development Policy Review 36(6): 669–87. DOI:

Dev S M. 2005. Agriculture and rural employment in the budget. Economic and Political Weekly 40(14): 1410–13.

D S C. 2007. Development Support Centres’ Experience. Dhari Krushak Vikas Producer Company Ltd. PRADHAN’S Workshop on Producer Companies.

FAO-ILO. 2014. Cooperatives & Producers' Organizations: Food, Agriculture & Decent Work: ILO & FAO working together,

GFRAS. 2015. Producer organizations in rural advisory services: Evidence and experiences. Position Paper. Lindau: Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services.

Herck K V. 2014. Assessing efficiencies generated by agricultural Producer Organisations. Report by European Commission, B-1049, Brussels.

Jose E and Meena H R. 2019. Profile of Farmer Producer Company (Dairy-based) Members in Kerala. Indian Journal of Extension Education 55(2): 47–51.

Jose E, Meena H R and Verma A P. 2019. Case Studies of Dairy- Based Farmer Producer Companies in Kerala. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 8(1): 501–05. DOI:

Kaaria S, M Osorio, S Wagner and A Gallina. 2016. Rural Women’s Participation in Producer Organizations: An Analysis of the Barriers That Women Face and Strategies to Foster Equitable and Effective Participation. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security (Agri-Gender) 1(2): 148–67.

Kumar R, Slathia P S, Peshin R and Nain M S. 2015. Development of scale to measure the attitude of farmers towards rapeseed mustard crop. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development 10(2): 221–24.

Kumar R, Slathia P S, Peshin R, Gupta S K and Nain M S. 2016. A test to measure the knowledge of farmers about rapeseed mustard cultivation. Indian Journal of Extension Education 52(3&4): 157–59.

Kumar S, Sankhala G and Kar P. 2021. Development of tool to measure the Farmers’ Perception towards Dairy-Based Farmer Producer Companies. Indian Journal of Extension Education 57(4): 134–38. DOI:

Kumar S, Sankhala G, Kar P and Sharma Ph R. 2021. An Appraisal of Financial Sustainability of Dairy-Based Farmer Producer Companies in India. Indian Journal of Extension Education 57(4): 115–19. DOI:

Latynskiy E and Thomas B. 2016. Networks of Rural Producer Organizations in Uganda: What can be done to Make Them Work Better? World Development 78: 572–86. DOI:

Mishra A K, Tegegne F and Sandretto C l. 2010. The impact of Participation in Cooperatives on the Success of Small Farms. Journal of Agribusiness 22(1): 31–48.

Mondal A. 2010. Farmer’s producer company (FPC): concept, practice and learning- A case from Action for social Advancement. Financing Agriculture 42(7): 29–33

Mukherjee A, Singh P, Rakshit S, Priya S, Burman R R, Shubha K, Sinha K and Nikam V. 2019. Effectiveness of Poultry-Based Farmers’ Producer Organization and its Impact on Livelihood Enhancement of Rural Women. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 89(10): 1152–60.

Mukherjee A, Singh P, Ray M, Satyapriya and Burman R R. 2018. Enhancing farmers’ income through farmers' producers’ companies in India: Status and roadmap. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 88(8): 1151–61.

Murray E V. 2019. Producer Company Model- Current Status and Future Outlook: Opportunities for Bank Finance. Knowledge Bank, College of Agricultural Banking, Pune, Maharashtra, India, p 13.

NABARD. 2015. Farmer Producers’ Organizations (FPCs): Status, Issues & Suggested Policy Reforms. National Level Paper, Potential Linked Plans (PLP) 2019–20.

P Venkatesan, Sontakki S, Shenoy N S, Sivaramane N and Sivakumar P S. 2020. Impact of Farmer producer companies s in Fostering Community Entrepreneurship. Indian Journal of Extension Education 56(2): 111–17.

Paty B K. 2018. Farmer Producer Companies–Issues and Challenges. Extension Digest. National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE).

Pustovoitova N. 2011. Producer Company as an Institutional Option for Small Farmers in India', Lunds Universitet.

Rai C K, Singh K and Bhakat M. 2018. Approach to quantify tribal dairy farmer’s awareness towards climate change: A study of Himachal Pradesh. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(Special): 130–35.

Salifu A, Francesconi G and Kolavalli S. 2010. A Review of Collective Action in Rural Ghana, IFPRI Discussion Paper 00998. Available at: publications/ifpridp00998.pdf

Singh P, Dabas J P S and Mukherjee A. 2012. Agricultural cooperatives for the empowerment of farmers. Indian Farming 62(7): 17–24.

Swati K, Shaik M S and Dedun V S. 2019. Backward and Forward Linkages Developed by Farmer Producer Organisations in Western Maharashtra. Journal of Krishi Vigyan 7(2): 28–31. DOI:

Trebbin A and Hassler M. 2012. Farmers' producer companies in India: a new concept for collective action? Environment and Planning 44: 411–27 DOI:

Trebbin A. 2014. Linking small farmers to modern retail through producer organizations—experiences with producer companies in India. Food Policy 45: 35–44. DOI:

Trebbin A. 2016. Producer companies and modern retail in India— Current state and future potentials of interaction. Organized Retailing and Agri-Business, India Studies in Business and economics, pp 277–88. DOI:

Venkattakumar R and Sontakki B S. 2012. Producer companies in India- Experiences and Implications. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education. Special issue 1: 154–60.

Vinayak Nikam, Premlata Singh, Arthay Ashok and Shiv kumar. 2019. Farmer producer companies s: Innovative institutions for the upliftment of small farmers. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(9): 1383–92.

Wilson G A. 2009. The spatiality of multifunctional agriculture: A human geography perspective. Geoforum 40: 69–80. DOI:









How to Cite

KUMAR, S. ., SANKHALA, G. ., KAR, P. ., SHARMA, P. H. R. ., & KUMAR MEENA, D. . (2022). An Exploratory Study on Farmer’s Perception about dairy-based Farmer Producer Companies in India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(5), 619-624.