Performance of moringa (Moringa oleifera) and soil health under organic nutrition


Abstract views: 169 / PDF downloads: 170

Authors

  • MASTIHOLI A B Regional Horticultural Research and Extension Centre, Dharwad, Karnataka
  • BIRADAR I B College of Horticulture, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, Karnataka
  • GOPALI J B Regional Horticultural Research and Extension Centre, Dharwad, Karnataka
  • RUDRESH D L College of Horticulture, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, Karnataka
  • PRASANNA S M College of Horticulture, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, Karnataka

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.126270

Keywords:

Moringa, Neem cake, Organic manures, Rhizosphere microorganisms, Soil properties, Vermicompost, Yield

Abstract

A field trial was conducted during 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19 and 2019–20 at the Main Horticultural Research and Extension Centre, Bagalkot under Northern Dry Zone-3 of the Agroclimatic zones of Karnataka with an intention to study the response of moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) crop to different organic sources of nutrients. There were five nutrition treatments, viz. T1, 100% RDN through FYM; T2, 100% RDN through vermicompost; T3, 100% RDN through neem cake; T4, 1/3 RDN through FYM+1/3 RDN through vermicompost+1/3 RDN through neem cake and; T5, 50: 125: 30 kg NPK+20 tonnes FYM/ha (RDF) and replicated four times. The treatment T4 recorded significantly higher green pod yield (87.99 q/ha) which was on par with RDF (83.83 q/ha) and T3 (82.66 q/ha). However, most of the growth (except height) and yield contributing parameters, in all the organic treatments, were on par with RDF.
Application of organic manures helped in improving available nutrients status, including micronutrients in soil. Among the different organic manures, the effect of FYM and VC in increasing the population of rhizosphere microorganisms was more than other treatments. Net return was found more in T4 (`124446/ha) followed by T3 (`118179/ha) and RDF (`114079/ha). It was found that organic manure applied in equal proportion (T4) and 100% substitution of N through neem cake (T3) was found better in getting higher yield and returns. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdou M A H, El-Sayed A A, Taha R A and Mosaad S E A. 2016. Response of Moringa oleifera to organic biofertilizers and mineral NPK fertilizations. Scientific Journal of Flowers and Ornamental Plants 3(1): 19–29.

Abdul A A. 2008. Effect of vermicompost and vermiwash on the productivity of spinach (Spinacia oleracea), onion (Allium cepa) and potato (Solanum tuberosum). World Journal of Agricultural Science 4(5): 554–57.

Babita Barela, Manoj Kumar Kureel, Mandloi D S and Amit Kumar. 2019. Effect of different concentrations of organic manures with Azotobacter on seed germination and early seedling growth of Moringa oleifera L. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8(6): 610–13.

Baruah T C and Barthakaur H P. 1997. A Text Book of Soil Analysis, pp. 89–106. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Bhattarai A, Bhattarai B and Pandey S. 2015. Variation in soil microbial population in different soil horizons. Journal of Microbiology and Experimentation 2(2): 44–48.

Bibhuti B Das and Dkhar M S. 2012. Organic amendments effects on microbial population and microbial biomass carbon in the rhizosphere soil of soybean. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43(14): 1938–48.

Black C A. 1965. Methods of soil analysis, Part-I, pp. 770. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, U S A.

Elnasikh M H, Osman A G and Sherif A M. 2011. Impact of neem seed cake on soil microflora and some soil properties. Journal of Science and Technology 12(1): 144–50.

Gomez K A and Gomez A A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd edn, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Jackson M L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis, pp. 498. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Kandil H and N Gad. 2009. Effect of vermicompost and compost on lettuce production. American Journal of Food Science and Health 2(3):25–31.

Kumari R, Thaku K S and Lalhruaitluangi N. 2019. Effect of different organic nutrient sources on soil properties in onion (Allium cepa L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology 8: 1783–92.

Lindsay W L and Norwell W A. 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of American Journal 42: 421–28.

Pallavi N and Anuja S. 2019. Effect of organic nutrients on growth parameters of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) for leaf production. Plant Archives 19(2): 2439–42.

Prabhakar M and Hebbar S S. 2007. Studies on organic production technology of annual drumstick in a semi-arid agro-ecosystem. (In) Proceedings of 1st International congress on Indigenous Vegetables and Legumes. Prospectus for fighting poverty, hunger and malnutrition 752: 345–48.

Sellamuthu K M and Malathi P. 2021. Manuring and fertilizer management in moringa. Sustainable moringa production and value addition, pp. 117–23. Horticulture College and Research Institute, Periyakulum, Tamil Nadu, India.

Singh Y V and Dhar Dolly W. 2011. Influence of organic farming on soil microbial diversity and grain yield under rice-wheat green manure cropping sequence. Oryza 48(1): 40–46.

Subbiah B V and Asija G L. 1956. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25: 259–60.

Tu Cong, Jean B Ristaino and Shuijin Hu. 2006. Soil microbial biomass and activity in organic tomato farming systems: Effects of organic inputs and straw mulching. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 247–55.

Walkley A J and Black I A. 1934. An examination of the method for determining soil organic matter and proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29–38.

Youssef M A. 2016. Impact of biofertilizers on growth and yield of Moringa oleifera Lam. plants. Al-Azhar Journal of Agricultural Research 26(3): 127–38.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-07-29

Published

2023-05-03

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

B, M. A., B, B. I., B, G. J., L, R. D., & M, P. S. (2023). Performance of moringa (Moringa oleifera) and soil health under organic nutrition. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(4), 387–391. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.126270
Citation