Re-visiting of nitrogen and sulphur requirements in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) under irrigated conditions


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Authors

  • HARVIR SINGH ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, Rajasthan 321 303, India
  • R L CHOUDHARY ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, Rajasthan 321 303, India
  • R S JAT ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, Rajasthan 321 303, India
  • S S RATHORE ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  • M K MEENA ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, Rajasthan 321 303, India
  • P K RAI ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, Rajasthan 321 303, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i1.128176

Keywords:

Indian mustard, Nitrogen, Production efficiency, Profitability, Sulphur, Water productivity

Abstract

Present study was carried out during 2018–19 and 2019–20 at ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, Rajasthan to evaluate the effect of nitrogen (N) and sulphur (S) nutrition on production efficiency, water productivity, and economics of Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss.] under irrigated conditions. The experiment was conducted in a split plot design with 5 nitrogen levels (0, 60, 80, 100 and 120 kg/ha) as the main plot treatment and 4 sulphur levels (0, 20, 40, and 60 kg/ha) as subplot treatment with 3 replications. Results revealed that the application of 120 kg N/ha recorded the highest plant height (205 cm), leaf area index (5.4), number of leaves/ plant (47.3), primary branches/plant (6.8), secondary branches/plant (18.9), SCMR (46.5), number of siliquae/plant (382), number of seeds/silique (18), stem girth (6.65 cm), test weight (5.79 g) and seed yield (3.04 t/ha). Among the different S levels, the maximum values of growth and physiological parameters, yield attributes and seed yield were recorded at 60 kg S/ha (2.71 t/ha). Similarly, production efficiency (22.1 kg/ha/day) and water productivity (1.53 kg seed/m3) were found higher than 120 kg N/ha and 60 kg S/ha. The highest net monetary returns and Benefit cost (B: C) ratio were recorded with 120 kg N/ha and 60 kg S/ha.Thus, the application of N and S may be revised to 120 and 60 kg/ha, respectively for Indian mustard in the irrigated semi-arid climates to achieve higher productivity, efficiency and profitability.

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References

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Submitted

2022-09-18

Published

2023-01-17

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How to Cite

SINGH, H., CHOUDHARY, R. L., JAT, R. S., RATHORE, S. S., MEENA, M. K., & RAI, P. K. (2023). Re-visiting of nitrogen and sulphur requirements in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) under irrigated conditions. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(1), 51–56. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i1.128176
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