Effect of phosphorus fertilizer and shoot pruning on growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)


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Authors

  • B U OLAYINKA University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • A S ABDULBAKI Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina state, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3505-0425
  • M OYEWOLE University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • O E JACOBS School of Sciences, Kwara State College of Education, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • K A ABDULKAREEM University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • A R LAWAL Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
  • L B ABDULRAUF University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • I KAREEM University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • G Y MUHAMMED University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • C P EZEKEKWU University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • O T MUSTAPHA University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.128458

Keywords:

Fertilization, Pruning, Phosphorus, Tomato, Yield

Abstract

Phosphorus fertilization or pruning as sole practice has been established to enhance tomato yield. However, there is a dearth of knowledge when both practices are combined. Under potted experiment, two tomato varieties (Tomato 82-B and Local) were subjected to 13 treatment combinations of phosphorus fertilization and pruning between June and September, 2021 in a garden situated at Ilorin, Nigeria. In both varieties, plants receiving 30 kg P/ha + two-stem pruning recorded highest growth indices. Marketable fruit yield was remarkably enhanced under 45 kg P/ha + four-stem pruning and 30 kg P/ha + two-stem pruning in local and Tomato 82-B respectively. Local variety showed more vigorous growth and yield than Tomato 82-B. Proximate compositions showed inconsistent results. Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene and lycopene were highest in tomato plants receiving 60 kg P/ha + four-stem pruning, 15 kg P/ha + three-stem pruning and 45 kg P/ha + four-stem respectively. Tomato 82-B had higher ascorbic acid and beta-carotene than the local variety. Conclusively, four-stem pruning + 45 kg/ha and two-stem pruning + 30 kg/ha are considered optimum for improving the yield of tomato varieties studied and that combination of pruning and phosphorus fertilization showed little influence on the fruit quality.

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Submitted

2022-09-27

Published

2023-07-07

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Section

Short-Communication

How to Cite

OLAYINKA, B. U., ABDULBAKI, A. S., OYEWOLE, M., JACOBS, O. E., ABDULKAREEM, K. A., LAWAL, A. R., ABDULRAUF, L. B., KAREEM, I., MUHAMMED, G. Y., EZEKEKWU, C. P., & MUSTAPHA, O. T. (2023). Effect of phosphorus fertilizer and shoot pruning on growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(6), 668–672. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.128458
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