Effect of phosphorus fertilizer and shoot pruning on growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)

Abstract views: 132 / PDF downloads: 94


  • B U OLAYINKA University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • A S ABDULBAKI Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina state, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3505-0425
  • M OYEWOLE University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • O E JACOBS School of Sciences, Kwara State College of Education, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • K A ABDULKAREEM University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • A R LAWAL Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
  • L B ABDULRAUF University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • I KAREEM University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • G Y MUHAMMED University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • C P EZEKEKWU University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • O T MUSTAPHA University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria



Fertilization, Pruning, Phosphorus, Tomato, Yield


Phosphorus fertilization or pruning as sole practice has been established to enhance tomato yield. However, there is a dearth of knowledge when both practices are combined. Under potted experiment, two tomato varieties (Tomato 82-B and Local) were subjected to 13 treatment combinations of phosphorus fertilization and pruning between June and September, 2021 in a garden situated at Ilorin, Nigeria. In both varieties, plants receiving 30 kg P/ha + two-stem pruning recorded highest growth indices. Marketable fruit yield was remarkably enhanced under 45 kg P/ha + four-stem pruning and 30 kg P/ha + two-stem pruning in local and Tomato 82-B respectively. Local variety showed more vigorous growth and yield than Tomato 82-B. Proximate compositions showed inconsistent results. Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene and lycopene were highest in tomato plants receiving 60 kg P/ha + four-stem pruning, 15 kg P/ha + three-stem pruning and 45 kg P/ha + four-stem respectively. Tomato 82-B had higher ascorbic acid and beta-carotene than the local variety. Conclusively, four-stem pruning + 45 kg/ha and two-stem pruning + 30 kg/ha are considered optimum for improving the yield of tomato varieties studied and that combination of pruning and phosphorus fertilization showed little influence on the fruit quality.


Download data is not yet available.


AOAC. Assn. of Official Analytical Chemists. 2000. Coffee and tea. Official Methods of Analysis, 17th edn. Gaithersburg.

Adebooye O C, Adeoye G O and Tijani-Eniola H. 2006. Quality of fruits of three varieties of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum (L.) Mill) as affected by phosphorus rates. Journal of Agronomy 5(3): 396–400.

Ahn T, Oke M, Schofield A and Paliyath G. 2005. Effects of phosphorus fertilizer supplementation on antioxidant enzyme activities in tomato fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53(5): 1539–45.

Ayandiji A, Adeniyi OD and Omidiji D. 2011. Determinant post-harvest losses among tomato farmers in Imeko-Afon local government area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research 11(5): 23–27.

Barros L, Carvalho A M and Ferreira I C. 2010. Leaves, flowers, immature fruits and leafy flowered stems of Malva sylvestris: A comparative study of the nutraceutical potential and composition. Food and Chemical Toxicology 48(6): 1466–72.

Duncan D B. 1955. Duncan new multiple range test. Biometrics 11: 1–42.

Falodun E J and Ogedegbe S A. 2019. Effects of pruning location on growth and fruiting of three tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) varieties in rainforest zone of Nigeria. Agro-Science 18(3): 1–4.

FAO. 2016. FAO Database. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC.

Filho A B C, Trevizaneli B and Rugeles-Reyes S M. 2020. Phosphorus (P) improves industrial tomato quality and yield in soil with high phosphorus content. Australian Journal of Crop Science 14: 1335–41.

Garuba T, Mustapha O T and Oyeyiola G P. 2018. Shelf life and proximate composition of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruits as influenced by storage methods. Ceylon Journal of Science 47(4): 387–93.

Higo M, Azuma M, Kamiyoshihara Y, Kanda A, Tatewaki Y and Isobe K. 2020. Impact of phosphorus fertilization on tomato growth and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Microorganisms 8(2): 178.

Klee H J. 2010. Improving the flavor of fresh fruits: genomics, biochemistry and biotechnology. New Phytologist 187: 44–56.

Musa A K, Kalejaiye D M, Ismail L E and Oyerinde A A. 2010. Proximate composition of selected groundnut varieties and their susceptibility to Trogoderma granarium Everts attack. Journal of Stored Products and Post-Harvest Research 1(2): 13–17.

Musa U T, Yusuf M and Olukotun D M. 2021. Effect of varying levels of poultry manure and inorganic fertilizer on the growth and yield of cucumber in Anyigba, Kogi state. American Journal of Agricultural Science, Engineering and Technology 5(2): 326–38.

Olayinka B U, Esan O O, Anwo I O and Etejere E O. 2017. Comparative growth analysis and fruit quality of two varieties of tomato under hand weeding and pendimethalin herbicide. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 12(3): 149–61.

Xu Y, Liu X, Shi Q, Cheng F, Zhang L, Shao C and Gong B. 2020. Pruning length of lateral branches affects tomato growth and yields in relation to auxin-cytokinin cross talk. Plant Growth Regulation 92(1): 1–13.









How to Cite

OLAYINKA, B. U., ABDULBAKI, A. S., OYEWOLE, M., JACOBS, O. E., ABDULKAREEM, K. A., LAWAL, A. R., ABDULRAUF, L. B., KAREEM, I., MUHAMMED, G. Y., EZEKEKWU, C. P., & MUSTAPHA, O. T. (2023). Effect of phosphorus fertilizer and shoot pruning on growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(6), 668–672. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.128458