Stratification and SSR markers integration for promoting low chill peach (Prunus persica) hybridization in foot hills of Himalayas


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Authors

  • RAJENDER KUMAR G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • D C DIMRI G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • N K SINGH G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • A K SINGH G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • KANCHAN KARKI Uttarakhand Council for Biotechnology, Haldi, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand
  • SHWETA UNIYAL G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • RAVI KUMAR G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • JITENDRA SINGH SHIVRAN G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India
  • JYOTI BAJELI G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i5.129409

Keywords:

Hybridity confirmation, Prunus persica, Summer stratification, SSR marker

Abstract

The present study was carried out at horticulture research centre, Patharchatta of G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand and Uttarakhand Council for Biotechnology, Haldi, Uttarakhand, during 2021 and 2022 with an objective to facilitate hybridization in low chill peaches [Prunus persica (L.) Stokes]. Selected cultivars of low chill peaches were crossbred using Saharanpur Prabhat, Sharbati Late and Sharbati Surkha as female parents, and Florda Red, Pratap and Early Grand as male. Among the hybrids, H2 (Saharanpur Pabhat × Pratap) showed the maximum fruit set (76.74%), while H5 (Sharbati Surkha × Pratap) had the minimum (55.93%). The highest fruit retention (71.15%) was noticed in H4 (Sharbati Late × Florda Red), and it was lowest in H2 (39.85%). H4 had the longest fruit development period (98.75 days), whereas H2 had the shortest (75.75 days). The seeds of hybrid
H5 took the maximum days for stratification (58.75 days), while it was lowest in H2 (48.25 days). The germination percentage was estimated highest in H4 (83.88%) and lowest in H2 (65.99%). Out of 25 SSR markers tested for hybridity confirmation, only 3 (CPPCT-022, UDP96-005 and UDP98-407) were discovered to be capable of testing the hybridity of F1 seedlings. Results from this study will be helpful in improving the recovery of low chill peach hybrids and ensuring the hybridity of seedlings at a very early stage.

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Submitted

2022-10-20

Published

2023-06-06

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KUMAR, R., DIMRI, D. C., SINGH, N. K., SINGH, A. K., KARKI, K., UNIYAL, S., KUMAR, R., SHIVRAN, J. S., & BAJELI, J. (2023). Stratification and SSR markers integration for promoting low chill peach (Prunus persica) hybridization in foot hills of Himalayas. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(5), 484–488. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i5.129409
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