Nitrogen budgeting under the influence of in situ rice residue management options in rice (Oryza sativa)–wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system

Authors

  • MANU S M ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • Y V SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • Y S SHIVAY ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • LIVLEEN SHUKLA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • V K SHARMA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • NAMITA DAS SAHA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • KAPILA SHEKHAWAT ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • K K BANDOPADHYAY ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • HIMANSU SEKHAR GOUDA CV Raman Global University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i2.129506

Keywords:

Nitrogen budgeting, Paddy straw, Pusa decomposer, Rice, Uptake, Wheat

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during rainy (kharif) and winter (rabi) seasons 2019–20 and 2020–21 at the research farm of ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to study the effect of rice establishment techniques (RETs) and microbial consortia mediated in situ rice residue management options on nitrogen (N) budgeting in a rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system (RWCS). The experiment was laid out in split plot design with 3 replications having 2 main plot treatments, viz. aerobic rice (AR) and conventional transplanted rice (CTR) in kharif and 7 sub plot treatments, viz. clean cultivation (removal of paddy straw), paddy straw incorporation, paddy straw mulching, paddy straw incorporation + Pusa decomposer, paddy straw mulching + Pusa decomposer, paddy straw incorporation + urea @20 kg/ha, paddy straw incorporation + Pusa decomposer + urea @10 kg/ha. The residual effects of these treatments were observed in seed drill and zero till sown wheat in rabi seasons. Results showed that N uptake (95.1 kg/ha and 100.4 kg/ha in CTR and 79.4 kg/ha and 83.8 kg/ha in AR) was significantly superior in CTR than AR in kharif seasons. The residual effects of in situ rice residue management options in wheat, paddy straw incorporation + Pusa decomposer + urea @10 kg/ha resulted in significantly higher N uptake (136.4 and 141.5 kg/ha) than other treatments, and it was followed by paddy straw incorporation + Pusa decomposer in both the years. The nutrient uptake by the RWCS was an important indicator of soil fertility and plant nutrient status. This investigation concluded that there is need for use of microbial consortia mediated in situ rice residue management in RWCS for positive N balance in spite of enhanced nutrient uptake.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brady N C and Weil R R. 2005. The nature and properties of soil. 881 (Thirteenth Edition). Macmillan Publishing Co., New York.

Chaudhary A, Singh R C, Yadav D B, Sindhu V K, Ram H, Sandeep R, Khedwal R S, Sharma R K and Gill S C. 2019. In-situ paddy straw management practices for higher resource use efficiency and crop productivity in Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of India. Journal of Cereal Research 11(3): 172–198.

Davari M R, and Sharma S N. 2010. Effect of different combinations of organic materials and biofertilizers on productivity, grain quality and economics in organic farming of basmati rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agronomy 55: 290–294.

Davari M, Sharma, S N and Mirzakhani M. 2012. Residual influence of organic materials, crop residues, and biofertilizers on viii performance of succeeding mung bean in an organic rice-based cropping system. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 1: 14.

Dotaniya, M L. 2013. Impact of crop residue management practices on yield and nutrient uptake in rice-wheat system. Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences 5(2):269–271.

Gouda H S, Singh Y V, Shivay, Y S, Biswas D R, Poornima S and Manu S M. 2021. Effect of enriched compost and crop establishment methods on productivity and profitability of rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 91 (6): 905–9.

Guo T, Qian Z, Chao A, Guoqing L, Ping H and Wei Z. 2018. Nitrogen enrichment regulates straw decomposition and its associated microbial community in a double-rice cropping system. Scientific Reports 8:1847 (1–12).

IARI. 2021. The Annual report-2020. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. Pp-105.

Kone F J, Kouadio Y, Yapo E S and Visser M. 2010. Effects of spontaneous plant residues and rice straw incorporated in soil on growth and yield parameters of a lowland rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L.) in sub humid Tropical area, Côte D’ivoire. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 6: 1581–1588.

Olsen R, Cole C V, Watanabe F S and Dean L A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. Circular 939, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

Ponnamperuma F. 1984. Straw as a source of nutrients for wetland rice. Organic Matter Rice. 117:136.

Sarwar G, Hussain N, Schmeisky H, Muhammad S, Ibrahim M and Safdar E, 2008. Improvement of soil physical and chemical properties with compost application in rice-wheat cropping system. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40: 275–282.

Shahane A A, Shivay Y S, Prasanna R and Dinesh K. 2020. Nutrient removal by rice–wheat cropping system as influenced by crop establishment techniques and fertilization options in conjunction with microbial inoculation. Scientific Reports 10:21944 (1–20).

Sruthy K S and Livleen S. 2021. Development of a liquid formulation of lignolytic fungi for increased shelf life. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 10(01): 934–940.

Subbiah B V and Asija G L. 1956. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25(8): 259–260.

Downloads

Published

2023-02-28

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

M, M. S., SINGH, Y. V., SHIVAY, Y. S., SHUKLA, L., SHARMA, V. K., SAHA, N. D., SHEKHAWAT, K., BANDOPADHYAY, K. K., & GOUDA, H. S. (2023). Nitrogen budgeting under the influence of in situ rice residue management options in rice (Oryza sativa)–wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(2), 151–156. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i2.129506
Citation