Agronomic and biochemical attributes and economic indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in saline vis-a-vis non-saline soils

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  • AVTAR SINGH Regional Research Station, Bathinda, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 151 005, India
  • PRITPAL SINGH Farm Advisory Service Centre (FASC), Bathinda, Punjab
  • MONIKA MAHAJAN Regional Research Station, Bathinda, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 151 005, India


Biochemical attributes, Economic efficiency, Soil salinity, Sugar recovery


The study evaluated the yield and biochemical attributes of eight sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cultivars (CoPb-18211, CoPb-18212, CoPb-18213, CoPb-18214, CoPb-19211, CoPb-19212, CoPb-19213 and CoPb-19214) in saline and non-saline soils during 2019–20 at Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab farms at village-Ruldu Singh Wala (Bathinda) and at village-Ratta Khera (Sri Muktsar Sahib). Soil salinity significantly (P<0.05) decreased the plant height (by ~66.6%), tillers/plant (~36%), cane diameter at ground surface (~79.8%) and diameter at breast height (~93.1%) than the non-saline soil. Soil salinity significantly decreased the TSS content in juice (by ~7.1%), sucrose (~55.6%) and titratable acidity (~11.0%) than the non-saline soil. Juice purity showed large variation in saline soils (37.9-98.7%) than the non-saline soil (88.9–96.4%), and was significantly lowest for CoPb-18213, and highest for CoPb-18214. Sugar recovery was decreased by ~21.4% in saline soil. Average gross returns were significantly higher for CoPb-19211, compared with the others. Mean economic efficiency of 7.78 US$/ha/d for saline and 9.13 US/ha/d showed ~17.2% increase for non-saline soil.


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How to Cite

SINGH, A., SINGH, P., & MAHAJAN, M. (2023). Agronomic and biochemical attributes and economic indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in saline vis-a-vis non-saline soils. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(1), 106–109.