Agronomic and biochemical attributes and economic indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in saline vis-a-vis non-saline soils

Authors

  • AVTAR SINGH Regional Research Station, Bathinda, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 151 005, India
  • PRITPAL SINGH Farm Advisory Service Centre (FASC), Bathinda, Punjab
  • MONIKA MAHAJAN Regional Research Station, Bathinda, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 151 005, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i1.130246

Keywords:

Biochemical attributes, Economic efficiency, Soil salinity, Sugar recovery

Abstract

The study evaluated the yield and biochemical attributes of eight sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cultivars (CoPb-18211, CoPb-18212, CoPb-18213, CoPb-18214, CoPb-19211, CoPb-19212, CoPb-19213 and CoPb-19214) in saline and non-saline soils during 2019–20 at Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab farms at village-Ruldu Singh Wala (Bathinda) and at village-Ratta Khera (Sri Muktsar Sahib). Soil salinity significantly (P<0.05) decreased the plant height (by ~66.6%), tillers/plant (~36%), cane diameter at ground surface (~79.8%) and diameter at breast height (~93.1%) than the non-saline soil. Soil salinity significantly decreased the TSS content in juice (by ~7.1%), sucrose (~55.6%) and titratable acidity (~11.0%) than the non-saline soil. Juice purity showed large variation in saline soils (37.9-98.7%) than the non-saline soil (88.9–96.4%), and was significantly lowest for CoPb-18213, and highest for CoPb-18214. Sugar recovery was decreased by ~21.4% in saline soil. Average gross returns were significantly higher for CoPb-19211, compared with the others. Mean economic efficiency of 7.78 US$/ha/d for saline and 9.13 US/ha/d showed ~17.2% increase for non-saline soil.

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Published

2023-01-17

Issue

Section

Short-Communication

How to Cite

SINGH, A., SINGH, P., & MAHAJAN, M. (2023). Agronomic and biochemical attributes and economic indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in saline vis-a-vis non-saline soils. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(1), 106–109. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i1.130246
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