Agronomic and biochemical attributes and economic indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in saline vis-a-vis non-saline soils


  • AVTAR SINGH Regional Research Station, Bathinda, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 151 005, India
  • PRITPAL SINGH Farm Advisory Service Centre (FASC), Bathinda, Punjab
  • MONIKA MAHAJAN Regional Research Station, Bathinda, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 151 005, India



Biochemical attributes, Economic efficiency, Soil salinity, Sugar recovery


The study evaluated the yield and biochemical attributes of eight sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cultivars (CoPb-18211, CoPb-18212, CoPb-18213, CoPb-18214, CoPb-19211, CoPb-19212, CoPb-19213 and CoPb-19214) in saline and non-saline soils during 2019–20 at Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab farms at village-Ruldu Singh Wala (Bathinda) and at village-Ratta Khera (Sri Muktsar Sahib). Soil salinity significantly (P<0.05) decreased the plant height (by ~66.6%), tillers/plant (~36%), cane diameter at ground surface (~79.8%) and diameter at breast height (~93.1%) than the non-saline soil. Soil salinity significantly decreased the TSS content in juice (by ~7.1%), sucrose (~55.6%) and titratable acidity (~11.0%) than the non-saline soil. Juice purity showed large variation in saline soils (37.9-98.7%) than the non-saline soil (88.9–96.4%), and was significantly lowest for CoPb-18213, and highest for CoPb-18214. Sugar recovery was decreased by ~21.4% in saline soil. Average gross returns were significantly higher for CoPb-19211, compared with the others. Mean economic efficiency of 7.78 US$/ha/d for saline and 9.13 US/ha/d showed ~17.2% increase for non-saline soil.


Download data is not yet available.


Lingle S E and Weigand C L. 1997. Soil salinity and Sugarcane juice quality. Field Crop Research 54: 259–68.

Lingle S E, Wiedenfeld R P and Irvine J E. 2000. Sugarcane response to saline irrigation water. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23: 469–86.

Alam K S, Islam M S, Hossain G M A and Alam K M. 2018. Screening salinity tolerant sugarcane varieties considering yield, quality and economic parameters in Southern region of Bangladesh. Eco-friendly Agriculture Journal 11: 38–42.

Avtar-Singh, Singh P, Dhillon G P S, Sharma S, Singh B and Gill R I S. 2022. Differential impact of soil salinity and water logging on Eucalyptus growth and carbon sequestration under mulched vs. unmulched soils in south-western Punjab (India). Plant and Soil.

Bliss M B, Smart C M, Maricle K L and Maricle B R. 2019. Effects of increasing salinity on photosynthesis and plant water potential in Kansas salt marsh species. Transgenic Kans Academy Science 122: 49–58.

Brindha C, Vasantha S and Arunkumar R. 2019. The response of sugarcane genotypes subjected to salinity stress at different growth phases. Journal of Plant Stress Physiology 5: 28–33.

Costa C T S, Saad J C C and SilvaJunior H M. 2016. Growth and productivity of sugarcane varieties under various irrigation levels. Revista Caatinga 29(4): 945–55.

Endres L, Santos C M, Silva V J, Barbosa G V S, Froehlich A L J S and Teixeira M M. 2019. Inter-relationship between photosynthetic efficiency, D13C, antioxidant activity and sugarcane yield under drought stress in field conditions. Journal Agronomy Crop Science 205: 433–46.

Gomathi R and Thandapani P V. 2004. Sugar metabolism and carbon partitioning of sugarcane genotypes under salinity stress condition. Sugar Technology 6: 151–58.

Hanen F R, Ksouri W, Megdiche N, Trabelsi M, Boulaaba and Abdelly C. 2008. Effect of salinity on growth, leaf phenolic content and antioxidant scavenging activity in Cynara cardunculus. Biosaline Agriculture and High Salinity Tolerance, pp. 335–43. Abdelli C, Ozturk, Ashraf M and Grignon Y C (Eds.). Birkhauser Verlag, Switzerland.

Madiwalar A F, Dhillon G P S, Singh A, Singh P, Singh B. 2022. Eucalyptus clones respond differentially for heavy-metals phytoextraction and carbon sequestration in tree biomass and soil with distillery effluents irrigation in north-western India. (In) Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy.

Meade G P and Chen J C P. 1971. Cane sugar hand book. 10th edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Santos A A, Naza´rio D R C, Feitosa N F and Matsura E E. 2019. Nutritional balance and production of sugarcane irrigated with treated wastewater through subsurface drip. Irrigation Science 37: 207–17.

Singh P and Saini S P. 2011. Effect of rice straw mulching and irrigation intervals on sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) yield and water productivity in sub-tropics of Punjab. Crop Research 41: 88–93.

Sundara B and Vasantha S. 2004. Sugarcane management in saline soils. Extension bulletin No. 81. ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore.

Wahid A, Rao A R and Rasul E. 1997. Identification of salt tolerance traits in sugarcane lines. Field Crops Research 54: 9–17.

Watanabe K, Takaragawa H, Ueno M and Kawamitsu Y. 2020. Changes in agronomic and physiological traits of sugarcane grown with saline irrigation water. Agronomy 10: 722.







How to Cite

SINGH, A., SINGH, P., & MAHAJAN, M. (2023). Agronomic and biochemical attributes and economic indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in saline vis-a-vis non-saline soils. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(1), 106–109.