Effect of organic culture on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under saline water irrigated condition of semi-arid region


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Authors

  • KAMLA K CHOUDHARY ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan
  • R S MEHTA ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan
  • A K SHUKLA ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan
  • M B NOOR MOHAMED ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan
  • DIPAK KUMAR GUPTA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Gauria Karma, Jharkhand
  • KEERTHIKA A ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan
  • S R MEENA ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan
  • DHEERAJ SINGH ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pali-Marwar, Rajasthan

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i1.130508

Keywords:

Economics, Growth, Organic culture, Saline water, Wheat, Yield

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the research farm of ICAR-CAZRI, Regional Research Station, Pali, Rajasthan during winter (rabi) season 2017–18 and 2018–19 to study the effect of organic culture on growth, yield attributes, yield and economics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under low saline water irrigated condition. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design consisting of 8 treatments of organic culture with 3 replications. The results revealed that application of organic culture through seed treatments and foliar spray (10%) at different growth stages significantly influenced the growth and yield attributes of wheat in pooled data of 2 years. Application of organic culture (T4) exhibited significantly the highest grain yield (4391 kg/ha) followed by T3 (4074 kg/ha) and T5 treatment (3912 kg/ha) over the control (3044 kg/ha) in both the years (pooled basis). Significantly the higher net return and Benefit cost (B:C) ratio of `75446/ha and 2.24, respectively was recorded under the T4 treatment while the lowest net return of `46178/ha and benefit cost ratio 1.40 was obtained under T1 (control) treatment.Thus, application of organic culture through seed treatment and foliar spray (10%) at 30 and 60 days after sowing (DAS) of wheat was found best for realizing higher growth, yield and benefits.

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Submitted

2022-11-21

Published

2023-01-17

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CHOUDHARY, K. K., MEHTA, R. S., SHUKLA, A. K., MOHAMED, M. B. N., GUPTA, D. K., A, K., MEENA, S. R., & SINGH, D. (2023). Effect of organic culture on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under saline water irrigated condition of semi-arid region. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(1), 36–40. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i1.130508
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