Effect of drip irrigation regimes on growth, yield and economics of maize (Zea mays) genotypes
Abstract views: 273 / PDF downloads: 225
Keywords:Crop evapotranspiration (ETc), Furrow irrigation, IW/CPE ratio, Water productivity
A field experiment was conducted during summer 2018 and 2019 to study the performance of maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes under drip and furrow irrigation regimes at the Main Agriculture Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka. The experiment was laid out in strip plot design with 3 replications. Treatments included 4 irrigation levels (drip irrigation at 0.6 ETc, 0.8 ETc and 1.0 ETc and furrow irrigation at 0.8 IW/CPE ratio) and 4 maize genotypes. The data indicated that, furrow irrigation at 0.8 IW/CPE ratio and drip irrigation at 1.0 ETc recorded significantly higher and on par growth and yield parameters, grain yield (75.8 q/ha and 71.4 q/ha, respectively) and economic returns. Drip irrigation at 1.0 ETc consumed 28.6% less water but recorded significantly higher water productivity over furrow irrigation. Among the genotypes, NK-6240 found superior over rest of the genotypes. The combination of furrow irrigation with NK-6240 recorded significantly higher growth and yield attributes as well as grain yield and economics over rest of the combinations. However, this treatment remained statistically non-significant with drip irrigation at 1.0 ETc with NK-6240 and furrow irrigation with CP-818.
Adamu C, Aravinda Kumar B N, Rajkumara S, Patil B R, Patil H Y and Kuligod V B. 2014. Physiological response, molecular analysis and water use efficiency of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids grown under various irrigation regimes. African Journal of Biotechnology 13(29): 2966–76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2013.12002
Ali O A M and Mohammed A S H. 2015. Performance evaluation of gated pipes technique for improving surface irrigation efficiency in maize hybrids. Agricultural Sciences 6: 550–70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2015.65055
Allen R G, Pereira L S, Raes D and Smith M. 1998. Crop Evapotranspiration–Guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome.
Anonymous. 2018. Area, production and average yield, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation report, New Delhi, available on the website: http://www.agricoop.nic.in
Ben L H B, Peiter M X, Robaina A D, Kirchner J H, Mezzomo W and Pimenta B D. 2019. Agronomic performance of maize hybrids under supplemental irrigation depths. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 23(7): 524–31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v23n7p524-531
De-Souza T C, Magalhães P C, De-Castro E M, Duarte V P and Lavinsky A O. 2016. Corn root morphoanatomy at different development stages and yield under water stress. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 51(4): 330–39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2016000400005
Eissa A E and Negim O E. 2018. Nutrients uptake and water use efficiency of drip irrigated maize under deficit irrigation. Journal of Plant Nutrition 42(1): 79–88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2018.1549672
Gomez K A and Gomez A A. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agriculture Research. John Willey and Sons, New York.
Ibrahim M M, El-Baroudy A A and Taha A M. 2016. Irrigation and fertigation scheduling under drip irrigation for maize crop in sandy soil. International Agrophysics 30: 47–55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/intag-2015-0071
Majid M A, Islam M S A, El Sabagh, Hasan M K, Barutcular C, Ratnasekera D and Islam M S. 2017. Evaluation of growth and yield traits in corn under irrigation regimes in sub-tropical climate. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences 5(2): 143–50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18006/2017.5(2).143.150
Pathak H, Pramanik P, Khanna M and Kumar A. 2014. Climate change and water availability in Indian agriculture: Impacts and adaptation. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 84(6): 3–11.
Priya S N, Ramulu V, Praveen Rao V and Uma Devi M. 2016. Drip irrigation schedules and plastic mulching for higher productivity of rabi maize. Research Journal Agricultural Sciences 7(4): 727–31.
Qi D L, Hu T T and Song X. 2020. Effects of nitrogen application rates and irrigation regimes on grain yield and water use efficiency of maize under alternate partial root-zone irrigation. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 19(0): 2–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63205-1
Ramdas C S. 2018. ‘Assessment of yield potential and water productivity of hybrid maize under drip fertigation’. MTech Thesis, Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India.
Roja M, Kumar K S, Ramulu V and Kumar M G. 2019. Influence of different drip and surface irrigation levels on dry matter production and nutrient uptake of rabi maize (Zea Mays L.). International Journal of Chemical Studies 7(3): 4560–63.
Sampathkumar T, Pandian B J and Mahimairaja S. 2012. Soil moisture distribution and root characters as influenced by deficit irrigation through drip system in cotton-maize cropping sequence. Agriculture Water Management 103: 43–53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2011.10.016
Singh G, Kumar S, Singh R and Singh S S. 2015. Growth and yield of baby corn (Zea mays L.) as influenced by varieties, spacings and dates of sowing. Indian Journal Agricultural Research 49(4): 353–57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-058X.2015.00064.5
Ucak A B and Gokdogan O. 2016. The effect of different irrigation water levels on productivity and other parameters for after-crop corn plant: a case study from Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia region. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering, Science and Technology 3(11): 5806–12.
Yamusa A M, Okogbue E C and Agele S O. 2017. Effect of deficit irrigation levels on yield and water productivity of some maize varieties in a semi-arid environment. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science 20(4): 1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/IJPSS/2017/32847
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the articles published in The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences is vested with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, which reserves the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad, for reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information. The Council has no objection to using the material, provided the information is not being utilized for commercial purposes and wherever the information is being used, proper credit is given to ICAR.