Exploitation of combining ability and heterosis potential for improvement in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) genotypes


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Authors

  • KALPANA YADAV Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India
  • S K DHANKHAR Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India
  • DAVINDER SINGH PAU, LUDHIANA
  • UDAY SINGH Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India
  • AMIT Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India
  • YOGITA Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i2.132161

Keywords:

Abelmoschus esculentus, GCA, Hybridization, SCA, Standard heterosis

Abstract

The present investigation was undertaken with the objective to carry out combining ability and heterosis for 13
fruit yield and its attributing traits in 14 parents and their 24 crosses in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench)
at vegetable research farm, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana during spring-summer season
2019–20 and rainy (kharif) season 2020–21. Four crosses, viz. HB-20-3-4 × Hisar Naveen (HN), Hisar Mutant (HM)-1
× Hisar Unnat (HU), HBMS-1 × Hisar Unnat (HU) and HB-76-2-4 × Hisar Naveen (HN) showed highly significant
positive economic heterosis for yield and its contributing traits.Parents HB-20-3-4 and HM-1 were found to be the
best general combiner for most of the economic traits. While, cross HB-60-1 × HN followed by HBMS-1 × HU, HB-20-3-4 × HN, HM-1 × HU and HB-96-2 × HU demonstrated strong SCA effects for yield and its attributes. The ratio of general combining ability (σ2GCA) and specific combining ability variances (σ2SCA) was less than one for all the quantitative traits indicating the non-additive gene effects predominated in determining the expression of all
these characters and demonstrates variability in genotypes, which provide ample scope for improvement of yield and its contributing traits in okra. Line HB-60-1 when crossed with Hisar Naveen, and HBMS-1 with Hisar Unnat gave
superior hybrids as compared to other crosses. Hence, these parents can be exploited for further genetic improvement programmes and isolation of desirable segregants in okra.

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Author Biography

  • DAVINDER SINGH, PAU, LUDHIANA
    DEPTT OF VEGETABLE SCIENCE

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Submitted

2023-01-10

Published

2023-02-28

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How to Cite

YADAV, K., DHANKHAR, S. K., SINGH, D., SINGH, U., AMIT, & YOGITA. (2023). Exploitation of combining ability and heterosis potential for improvement in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) genotypes. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(2), 127–132. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i2.132161
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