Performance of spring-summer blackgram (Vigna mungo) with nutrient fortification under eastern Indian plains


Abstract views: 135 / PDF downloads: 146

Authors

  • PURABI BANERJEE Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal 741 252, India
  • V VISHA KUMARI Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal 741 252, India
  • RAJIB NATH ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Santoshnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.133717

Keywords:

Blackgram, Nutrients fortification, Production, Sowing dates, Spring-summer

Abstract

Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] is an important grain legume in Indian sub-continent imparting nutritional benefits from ancient times. A field experiment was conducted with blackgram in spring-summer seasons during 2020 and 2021 in Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal with two sowing dates in March in main plot, two soil applications of Co at 4 kg/ha in sub-plot and five foliar spray levels of 1.25% K and 0.2% B in sub-sub plot in a split-split plot design to explore the effects of Co, K and B in improving growth, physiology, production, quality and production economics of the crop. Pooled analysis indicated that March first week sowing as well as soil application of Co and foliar K+B fortifications separately achieved significantly higher (P=0.05) plant height, dry matter accumulation, root nodulation, branches/plant, pods/plant, seeds/pod, test weight, total chlorophyll and nitrate reductase contents, net photosynthetic rate, physiological efficiency, yield, seed nutrients and protein contents, economic returns and benefit-cost ratio. Seed protein content was a linear function of root nodule numbers explaining about 84.05% variation. Sowing of blackgram during March first week with soil application of Co and foliar K+B spray is a promising agronomic management to improve blackgram production in a cost-effective way under Gangetic plains of Eastern India.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abid A A, Mozammil H, Saqib K T H,Touseef A A and Muhammad A. 2016. Foliar spray surpasses soil application of potassium for maize production under rainfed conditions. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 21: 36–43.

Adsure V K, Mane S S and Patil A B. 2018. Response of blackgram to graded levels of potassium on yield and yield components. International Journal of Chemical Studies 6(4): 2063–67.

Banerjee P and Bhattacharya P. 2021. Investigating cobalt in soil-plant-animal-human system: Dynamics, impact and management. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 21: 2339–54.

Banerjee P, Mukherjee B, Venugopalan V K, Nath R, Chandran M A S, Dessoky E S, Ismail I A, El-Hallous E I and Hossain A. 2021a. Thermal response of spring–summer grown blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) in Indian Subtropics. Atmosphere 12: 1–20.

Banerjee P, Venugopalan V K, Nath R, Althobaiti Y S, Gaber A, Al-Yasi H and Hossain A. 2021b. Physiology, growth and productivity of spring–summer blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) as influenced by heat and moisture stresses in different dates of sowing and nutrient management conditions. Agronomy 11: 1–24.

Banerjee P, Venugopalan V K, Nath R, Chakraborty P K, Gaber A, Alsanie W F, Raafat B M and Hossain A. 2022. Seed priming and foliar application of nutrients influence the productivity of relay grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) through accelerating the photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) use efficiency. Agronomy 12: 1125.

Banerjee P, Visha Kumari V, Nath R and Bandopadhyay P. 2019. Seed priming and foliar nutrition studies on relay grass pea after winter rice in lower Gangetic plain. Journal of Crop and Weed 15(3): 72–78.

Banerjee P, Visha Kumari V and Nath R. 2023. Nutrient management of spring-summer blackgram (Vigna mungo) with cobalt, potassium and boron under different dates of sowing in Eastern India. Indian Journal of Agronomy 68(1): 58–61.

Bele P and Thakur R. 2019. Boron nutrition of crops in relation to yield and quality: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal 8(6): 430–33.

Chatterjee R and Bandyopadhyay S. 2017. Effect of boron, molybdenum and biofertilizers on growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) in acid soil of eastern Himalayan region. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 16: 332–36.

Chaudhary M, Singh S, Babu S, Yadav G S, Rai S K and Prasad M. 2019. Production potential, economics and soil fertility status of blackgram (Phaseolus mungo) as influenced by integrated nutrient supply system. Legume Research 42: 528–32.

Gad N, Mohammed A M and Bekbayeva L K. 2013. Response of cowpea (Vigna anguiculata) to cobalt nutrition. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 14(2): 177–84.

Gomez K A and Gomez A A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, pp. 180. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Iram A, Awan T H, Tanveer A, Akbar N, Saleem M F and Safdar M E. 2017. Optimization of cobalt and nitrogen for improving seed yield, protein content and nitrogen use efficiency in mungbean. Journal of Environment and Agriculture 2(1): 173–79.

Kaisher M S, Rahman M T, Amin M H A, Amanullah A S M and Ahsanullah A S M. 2010. Effects of sulphur and boron on the seed yield and protein content of mungbean. Bangladesh Research Publications Journal 3: 1181–86.

Kumar R and Kumawat N. 2014. Effect of sowing dates, seed rates and integrated nutrition on productivity, profitability and nutrient uptake of summer mungbean in Eastern Himalaya. Archives in Agronomy and Soil Science 60(9): 1207–27.

Kumar R P, Singh O N, Singh Y, Dwivedi S and Singh J P. 2009. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and economics of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 79: 122–28.

Malek M Z, Bhadane R S, Patel D B and Tadvi S N. 2018. Effect of micro-nutrients on morpho-physiological, biochemical parameters and yield in blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). International Journal of Chemical Studies 6(3): 2418–21.

Maqbool R, Ali W, Nadeem M A and Abbas T. 2018. Boron application in clay-loam soil for improved growth, yield and protein contents of mungbean in water-stresses. Sains Malaysiana 47(1): 51–58.

Meena D, Bhushan C, Shukla A, Chaudhary S and Sirazuddin. 2017. Effect of foliar application of nutrients on nodulation, yield attributes, yield and quality parameters of urdbean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper). Bioscan 12(1): 411–14.

Raj M A, Sathya P and Vignesh S. 2018. Effect of foliar nutrition for maximizing the productivity of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology 7(6): 2026–32.

Reinprecht Y, Schram L, Marsolais F, Smith T H, Hill B and Pauls K P. 2020. Effects of nitrogen application on nitrogen fixation in common bean production. Frontiers in Plant Science 11: 1172.

Singh S P. 2017. Effect of micronutrients on nodulation, growth, yield and nutrient uptake in blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). Annals of Plant and Soil Research 19(1): 66–70.

Sritharan N, Rajavel M and Senthilkumar R. 2015. Physiological approaches: Yield improvement in blackgram. Legume Research 38(1): 91–95.

Taia A, El–Mageed A, Ahmed M A, El-Sherif Ali M M and El- Wahed M H A. 2016. Combined effect of deficit irrigation and potassium fertilizer on physiological response, plant water status and yield of soybean in calcareous soil. Archives in Agronomy and Soil Science 1–14.

Venugopalan V K, Nath R, Sengupta K, Pal A K, Banerjee S, Banerjee P, Chandran M A S, Roy S, Sharma L, Hossain A and Siddique K H M. 2022. Foliar spray of micronutrients alleviates heat and moisture stress in lentil grown under rainfed field conditions. Frontiers in Plant Science 13: 1–17.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-02-24

Published

2023-05-03

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

BANERJEE, P., KUMARI, V. V., & NATH, R. (2023). Performance of spring-summer blackgram (Vigna mungo) with nutrient fortification under eastern Indian plains. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(4), 382–386. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.133717
Citation