Management of sucking insect pests of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with insecticides and their impact on beneficial arthropods


Abstract views: 212 / PDF downloads: 196 / PDF downloads: 20

Authors

  • AMBIKA RANI MONDAL Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • MD RAMIZ UDDIN MIAH Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • MD YUNUS MIAH Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • MANSURA AFROZ Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • MD KHAIRUL MAZED Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
  • SANG JAE SUH Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • MD RUHUL AMIN Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.134069

Keywords:

Marginal benefit-cost ratio, Pollinator, Predator, Sucking insects

Abstract

The present study was carried out at the research field of the Department of Entomology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh, during the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) growing seasons of 2021 and 2022 to evaluate the pest management benefit of 4 insecticides, viz. Karate 2.5 ec (λ-cyhalothrin), Ripcord 10 ec (cypermethrin), Marshal 20 ec (carbosulfan), and Shobicron 425 ec (profenofos Q + cypermethrin) against sucking insect pests (aphids, jassids, whiteflies and thrips) of tomato. The abundance of the sucking pests was significantly lower in the insecticide treated plots compared with the untreated control. During both the years, carbosulfan was the most effective insecticide against aphids (3.1 and 0.8 aphids/3 leaves, respectively), jassids (0.1 and 0.7 jassid/3 leaves, respectively), and thrips (1.9 and 1.1 thrips/3 leaves, respectively), whereas the profenofos Q
+ cypermethrin decreased the abundance of whiteflies (1.4 and 2.0 whiteflies/3 leaves, respectively). However, these insecticides had negative effects on the pollinator insect and natural enemies of sucking pests in tomato fields. The insecticide-treated plots showed a significantly lower number of predators and pollinator than the untreated control plots. In the 1st and 2nd years, plots treated with cypermethrin (1.1 predators/plant) and λ-cyhalothrin (1.2 predators/ plant), respectively, showed the highest abundance of predators. Among the insecticide-treated plots, profenofos Q + cypermethrin treated plots showed the highest abundance of pollinator in both years (1st year: 0.7/ plot and 2nd year: 0.9/ plot). Carbosulfan treated plot showed the highest mean yield (58.7 tonnes/ha) with the highest marginal benefit-cost ratio (5.1).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agegnehu E, Ousma Y and Ayalew A. 2014. Screening of some foliar chemical insecticides against whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) on tomato at Metema District, North Gondar, Ethiopia. Open Access Library Journal 1: 1–7.

Alam M M, Islam M N, Haque M Z, Humayun R and Khalequzzaman K M. 2016. Bio-rational management of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) for suppressing tomato yellow leaf curl virus. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 41(4): 583–97.

Asif M U, Muhammad R, Akber W and Tofique M. 2017. Relative efficacy of some insecticides against the sucking insect pest complex of cotton. The Nucleus 53: 140–46.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2021. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. Statistics and Informatics Division (SID), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, pp. 340–41.

Bisht K, Mishra V K, Rai V L and Singh S. 2017. Comparative efficacy of some insecticides against Amrasca biguttula biguttula Ishida on okra crop. Annals of Plant Protection Science 25(1): 28–31.

El-Dewy M E, Sadek A S and El-Sarand E S A. 2018. Impact of synthetic insecticides against Aphis gossypii Glover, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) and their associated predators on cotton plants. Alexandria Science Exchange Journal 39: 669–75.

Faheem M, Sajjad A, Shafique R M, Rehman A and Aslam M N. 2016. Field evaluation of different insecticides against wheat aphids and their natural enemies in Pakistan. Asian Journal of Agriculture Biology 4(4): 126–33.

Horowitz A R, Ghanim M, Roditakis E, Nauen R and Ishaaya I. 2020. Insecticide resistance and its management in Bemisia tabaci species. Journal of Pesticide Sciences 93: 893–10.

Jha S K and Kumar M. 2017. Relative efficacy of different insecticides against whitefly, Bemisia tabaci on tomato under field condition. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(5): 728–32.

Kady H E and Devine G J. 2003. Insecticide resistance in Egyptian populations of the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Pest Management Science: formerly Pesticide Science 59(8): 865–71.

Kenko D B N, Ngameni N T, Awo M E, Njikam N A and Dzemo W. D. 2023. Does pesticide use in agriculture present a risk to the terrestrial biota?. Science of The Total Environment 861: 160715.

Khoso N, Marri J, Khoso F N, Solangi B K, Ahmed A M, Iftikhar Y and Rehman T U. 2017. Assessment of botanical insecticides against onion thrips, Thrips tabaci (L.) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6): 572–75.

Saad A S S, Massoud M A, Abdel-Megeed A A M, Mourad A K K, Hamid N A and Barakat A S T. 2007. An approach for IPM program to control sucking pests infesting garden bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Egypt. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences 72(3): 568.

Sinha S R and Nath V. 2009. Efficacy of insecticides and mixtures against insect pest of okra. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 17(2): 328–31.

Wagh B M, Pagire K S, Thakare D P and Birangal A B. 2017. Management of sucking pests by using newer insecticides and their effect on natural enemies in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(4): 615–22.

Submitted

2023-03-06

Published

2023-07-07

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

MONDAL, A. R., MIAH, M. R. U., MIAH, M. Y., AFROZ, M., MAZED, M. K., SUH, S. J., & AMIN, M. R. (2023). Management of sucking insect pests of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with insecticides and their impact on beneficial arthropods. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(6), 637–641. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.134069
Citation