Residual effect of nitrogen management on succeeding summer moong (Vigna radiata) under maize-wheat-moong rotation


Abstract views: 298 / PDF downloads: 427

Authors

  • KARTIK SHARMA ICAR-Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ranchi, Jharkhand
  • S S WALIA Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • S S DHALIWAL Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • K S SAINI Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • RAKSHIT BHAGAT Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i7.134678

Keywords:

Maize-wheat-summer moong, Moong, Productivity

Abstract

Nitrogen management in crop/cropping system plays a significant role to enhance crop growth and productivity in sustainable manner. To ensure sustained soil fertility, optimal crop growth and productivity in subsequent growing seasons, it is necessary to consider the residual effect of N management on moong (Vigna radiata L.). Therefore, a field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years (2019–20 and 2020–21) to evaluate the effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrition with/without residue retention applied to preceding crops on growth and productivity of succeeding moong. Fourteen treatments applied to preceding crops were, T1, 100% N through FYM without residue; T2, 100% N through FYM with residue; T3, 75% N through FYM + 25% RDF without residue; T4, 75% N through FYM + 25% RDF with residue; T5, 50% N through FYM + 50% RDF without residue; T6, 50% N through FYM + 50% RDF with residue; T7, 25% N through FYM + 75% RDF without residue; T8, 25% N through FYM + 75% RDF with residue; T9, 100% RDF + 25% N extra through FYM without residue; T10, 100% RDF + 25% N extra through FYM with residue; T11, 100% RDF without residue; T12, 100% RDF with residue; T13, Cowpea intercropping without fertilizer in maize and residue retention in wheat and; T14, Control. The data revealed that treatment T6 recorded significantly higher growth parameters [plant height (59.7 cm) and dry matter accumulation (469.8 g/m2)] and yield attributes (number of pod/plant (27.4), pod length (8.8 cm) and number of seeds/pod (10.2)] of moong over other treatments but was found at par with T2, T3, T4 and T5 in 2020 and during 2021. Treatment T2 recorded significantly higher growth parameters [plant height (61.3 cm) and dry matter accumulation (478.9 g/m2)] and yield attributes (number of pod/ plant (30.2), pod length (8.9) and number of seeds/pod (10.3)] being at par with T1, T3, T4, T5 and T6 of moong over other treatments. Moreover, due to significant increase in yield attributes, treatment T6 and T2 exhibited significant increase in grain yield of about 62.32 and 62.96%, respectively over control in year 2020 and 2021, respectively.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Cheema H S and Singh B. 1991. Software Statistical Package CPCS-I. Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Physics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

Cochran W G and Cox G M. 1967. Experimental Designs. Asia Publication House, New Delhi.

Devi U, Singh K, Kumar S and Kumar P. 2015. Residual effect of nitrogen levels, organic manures and Azotobacter inoculation in multi-cut oats on succeeding sorghum crop. Forage Research 40: 254–56.

Jackson M L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, India.

Kaur N, Vashist K K and Brar A S. 2021. Energy and productivity analysis of maize-based crop sequences compared to rice-wheat system under different moisture regimes. Energy 216: 119286. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2020.119286

Kumar A and Dhar Shiva. 2010. Evaluation of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients in maize (Zea mays) and their residual effect on wheat (Triticum aestivum) under different fertility levels. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 80: 364–71.

Kumar A, Saini K S, Rolaniya L K, Singh L K and Kaushik P. 2022. Root system architecture and symbiotic parameters of summer mung bean (Vigna radiata) under different conservation agriculture practices. Sustainability 14: 3901. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073901

Kumar P and Sharma P K. 2020. Soil salinity and food security in India. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 4: 533781. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.533781

Piper C S. 1966. Soil and Plant Analysis (Asian edition), Hans Publishers, Bombay, India.

Ratanoo R, Walia S S, Saini K S and Dheri G S. 2022. Residual effects of chemical fertilizers, organic manure and biofertilizers applied to preceding gobhi sarson crop on summer mung bean (Vigna radiata L.). Legume Research 45: 860–65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18805/LR-4767

Subbiah B V and Asija G L. 1956. A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Current Sciences 25: 259–60.

Walia S S, Babu S, Gill R S, Kaur T, Kohima N, Panwar A S, Yadav D K, Ansari M A, Ravishankar N, Kumar S and Kaur K. 2022. Designing resource-efficient and environmentally safe cropping systems for sustainable energy use and economic returns in Indo-Gangetic plains, India. Sustainability 14:14636. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su142114636

Walkey A J and Black I A. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determination soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37(1): 29–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003

Downloads

Submitted

2023-03-27

Published

2023-08-08

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SHARMA, K., WALIA, S. S., DHALIWAL, S. S., SAINI, K. S., & BHAGAT, R. (2023). Residual effect of nitrogen management on succeeding summer moong (Vigna radiata) under maize-wheat-moong rotation. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(7), 762–767. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i7.134678
Citation