The effect of organic amendments on soil microbial activity and yield of faba bean (Vicia faba) inoculated with Rhizobium leguminosarum


Abstract views: 106 / PDF downloads: 168

Authors

  • SEYED MORTEZA MOSAVI-AZANDEHI Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
  • MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN ANSARI Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2186-4946
  • PEYMAN SHARIFI Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
  • SHAHRAM SEDAGHAT HOOR Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i8.135554

Keywords:

Faba bean, Microbial biomass, Pod yield, Rhizobium, Vermicompost

Abstract

A two year (2021 and 2022) field experiment was conducted to study the effect of organic amendments on soil microbial activity and yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) inoculated with Rhizobium leguminosarum at Savadkuh in the north of Iran as a factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with 3 replications. The treatments included seed inoculation at two levels (inoculation with Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. Viciae and non-inoculation) and fertilization at 5 levels [cattle manure (CM) @30 tonnes/ha, vermicompost of manure (VM) @20 tonnes/ha, vermicompost of Azolla (VA) @20 tonnes/ha, chemical fertilization based on soil analysis (NP), and control]. Present study found that the soil microbial biomass carbon (C) increased over time until 120 days
after emergence (DAE). The maximum microbial biomass-C (441 mg/g soil) and bacterial count (545 × 105 cfu/ml) were obtained from the inoculated VA treatment. The highest yields of pods (14400 kg/ha) and seeds (1266 kg/ha) were obtained when the use of vermicompost was accompanied by inoculation of R. leguminosarum, so that in plants without inoculation, the use of vermicompost increased the yield of pods compared to the NP by 34% and compared to CM, it increased by 44%, but this increase was 39% and 19% for inoculated plants compared to NP and CM, respectively. Although the seeds of vermicomposted plants showed lower iron (Fe) content, they showed higher nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) content than other plants. In total, the results showed a significant improvement in soil microbial activity, absorption of nutrients and bean yield by using vermicompost
(especially VA) under R. leguminosarum inoculation. Therefore, in the low-fertile soils of Iran, the combined use of high-quality vermicompost together with R. leguminosarum can strengthen soil microbial activity and bean production and be a suitable alternative to chemical fertilizers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allito B B, Ewusi-Mensah N, Logah V and Hunegnaw D K. 2021. Legume-rhizobium specificity effect on nodulation, biomass production and partitioning of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Scientific Reports 11(1): 3678.

Amer M M, Abouelsoud H M, Sakher E M and Hashem A A. 2023. Effect of gypsum, compost, and foliar application of some nanoparticles in improving some chemical and physical properties of soil and the yield and water productivity of faba beans in salt-affected soils. Agronomy 13(4): 1052.

Atakli S B, Sahin S, Ceritoglu M and Cagatay H F. 2022. Vermicompost enhances the effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, cowpea development and nutrient uptake. Legume Research 45(11): 1406–413.

Badawy R A E W, Aly A M, Yacoub I H, Abd El-Fattah H M and Abbas M S. 2023. Agronomical and nutritional responses of some faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes to organic fertilizations under sandy soil conditions. Egyptian Journal of Plant Breeding 27(1): 1–24.

Basdemir F, Ipekesen S, Tunc M, Elis S and Bicer B T. 2022. Effects of cow manure and liquid vermicompost applications on growth and seed yield of dry beans. Journal of Elementology 27(4).

Dahal B and Ghosh Bag A. 2022. Effect of integrated nutrient management on different parameters of lentil: A review. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 54(8): 1015–023.

Daylam F, Kazemi H and Kamkar B. 2023. Modeling organic farming suitability by spatial indicators of GIS integrated MCDA in Golestan Province, Iran. NJAS: Impact in Agricultural and Life Sciences 95(1): 2191796.

Dhull S B, Kidwai M K, Noor R, Chawla P and Rose P K. 2022. A review of nutritional profile and processing of faba bean. Legume Science 4(3): e129.

Ghadimi M, Sirousmehr A, Ansari M H and Ghanbari A. 2021. Organic soil amendments using vermicomposts under inoculation of N2‒fixing bacteria for sustainable rice production. PeerJ 9: e10833.

Hemati A, Alikhani H A, Ajdanian L, Babaei M, Asgari Lajayer B and van Hullebusch E D. 2022. Effect of different enriched vermicomposts, humic acid extract and indole-3-acetic acid amendments on the growth of Brassica napus. Plants 11(2): 227.

Jackson M L. 1962. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall, New York, US.

Jones J B. 1972. Plant tissue analysis for micronutrients. Micronutrients in Agriculture, pp. 319–346.

Kelly J J, Haggblom M and Tati Ιii R L. 1999. Changes in soil microbial communities over time resulting from one time application of zinc: A laboratory microcosm study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31: 1455−465.

Lokhande P B, Dhamak A L, Patil N M, Ingole A J and Satwadhar P P. 2023. Effect of vermicompost and organic formulations on growth and yield of soybean grown on Vertisol. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13(4): 23–30.

Ozdemir S and Turp G A. 2023. The impact of the pyroligneous acid-assisted biomass ash vermicompost on dry beans through climatic and agroecosystem changes. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 25(1): 490–500.

Rasouli F, Nasiri Y, Asadi M, Hassanpouraghdam M B, Golestaneh S and Pirsarandib Y. 2022. Fertilizer type and humic acid improve the growth responses, nutrient uptake, and essential oil content on Coriandrum sativum L. Scientific Reports 12(1): 7437.

Tammam A, El-Aggan W, Helaly A, Badr G and El-Dakak R. 2023. Proteomics and photosynthetic apparatus response to vermicompost attenuation of salinity stress on Vicia faba leaves. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 45(1): 17.

Sheikh F, Nazari H and Fanaei H R. 2022. Graphic analysis of trait relations and stability of faba bean genotypes using the biplot method. Journal of Crop Production 15(2): 117–35.

Ucar O. 2021. Effects of microbial fertilizer and vermicompost applications on the yield and yield related parameters of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) under Eastern Mediterranean highland agroclimatic conditions. Legume Research 1: 4.

Yadav M K, Purohit H S, Sharma S K, Jat G, Yadav S K, Meena S C, Meena R H and Jain H K. 2021. Soil biological properties as influenced by organic nutrient management in soybean (Glycine max). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 91(11): 1670–674.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-04-21

Published

2023-08-30

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

MOSAVI-AZANDEHI, S. M., ANSARI, M. H., SHARIFI, P., & HOOR, S. S. (2023). The effect of organic amendments on soil microbial activity and yield of faba bean (Vicia faba) inoculated with Rhizobium leguminosarum. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(8), 893–898. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i8.135554
Citation