Effect of mulch type on physico-chemical quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) in semi-arid region of India


Abstract views: 103 / PDF downloads: 126

Authors

  • PANKAJ KUMAR KANNAUJIA ICAR-Central Institute of Post Harvest Engineering and Technology, Abohar, Punjab 152 116, India
  • AJINATH DUKARE ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • SAKHARAM KALE ICAR-Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Ranchi, Jharkhand
  • PRERNA NATH ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern Region, Ranchi, Jharkhand
  • R K SINGH ICAR- Central Institute of Postharvest Engineering and Technology, Ludhiana, Punjab

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.135650

Keywords:

Antioxidants, Ascorbic acid, Crop mulch, Tomato, Total phenolics

Abstract

The influence of coloured-plastic mulching on physical and biochemical characteristics of tomato fruits were investigated. During the study, tomato crop was grown in an open field under five coloured-plastic mulching, one organic mulch and a no-mulch treatment. Harvested tomato fruits were analysed for various physico-chemical post-harvest quality parameters. Results evidenced that sphericity of tomatoe fruits was non-significantly (P<0.05) affected by mulching treatment. The highest fruit sphericity (0.96) was observed under yellow mulch followed by black (0.95). Likewise, average fruit weight (57.59 g) and lycopene content (2.99 mg/100 g) was found highest under red mulch. The highest TSS content (4.97) were reported in organic mulch followed by silver (4.90), while ascorbic acid content was highest under white mulch (32.7 mg/100 g) followed by organic mulch (30.9 mg/100g). Under black mulch, the highest levels of phenolic content (59.0 μg GAE/100 g) as well as antioxidant activity (10.50 μmol TE/g) were observed. Overall results showed that black mulch performed better, followed by red and white plastic mulch treatments.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alba R, Cordonnier-Pratt M M and Pratt L H. 2000. Fruit-localized phytochromes regulate lycopene accumulation independently of ethylene production in tomato. Plant Physiology 123: 363–70.

Apak R, Guclu K, Ozyurek M and Karademir S E. 2004. Novel total antioxidant capacity index for dietary polyphenol and vitamins C and E, using their cupric ion reducing capability in the presence of neocuproine, CUPRAC method. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52: 7970–81.

Awasthi O P, Singh I S and Sharma B D. 2006. Effect of mulch on soil-hydrothermal regimes, growth and fruit yield of brinjal under arid conditions. Indian Journal of Horticulture 63(2): 192–94.

Brandt S, Lugasi A, Barna E, Hovari J, Pek Z and Helyes L. 2003. Effects of the growing methods and conditions on the lycopene content of tomato fruits. Acta Alimentaria 32: 269–78.

Coyago-Cruz E, Corell M, Moriana A, Hernanz D, Benitez- Gonzalez A M, Stinco C M and Melendez-Martinez A J. 2018. Antioxidants (carotenoids and phenolics) profile of cherry tomatoes as influenced by deficit irrigation, ripening and cluster. Food Chemistry 240: 870–84.

Dukare A, Kannaujia P, Kale S, Indore N, Singh R K and Ram S. 2021. Plastic film and organic mulching increases rhizosphere microbial population, plant growth, and mineral uptake in low input grown tomato in the northwestern region of India. Journal of Plant Nutrition 44(6): 814–28.

Gad EL-Moula M M H, Sadek I I and Moursy F S. 2018. Effect of plastic color and organic mulching on the yield of tomato and lettuce. International Journal of Science and Research Methodology Human Journals 9(2): 173–91.

Kannaujia P K, Patel N, Asrey R, Mahawar M, Meena V S, Bibwe B, Jalgaonkar K and Negi N. 2019. Variability of bioactive properties and antioxidant activity in commercially grown cherry tomato (Solanum lycopersicum var. Ceraciforme) cultivars grown in India. Acta Alimentaria 49(1): 13–22.

Kannaujia P K, Kale S, Dukare A, Meena V S, Nath P, Jalgaonkar K, Mahawar M, Indore N and Singh R K. 2021. Variation in postharvest quality attributes of fresh cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) beans harvested from different crop mulching regime. Legume Research. DOI: 10.18805/LR-4602.

Moursi M H. 2003. ‘Studies on some factors affecting the characteristics and production in pepper plants’. Ph D thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Minufiya University, Egypt.

Posada F, Fonesca E and Vaughan G. 2011. Fruit quality in strawberry (Fragaria sp.) grown on colored plastic mulch. Agro Colombiana 29(3): 407–13.

Rivero R R, Ruiz J M, Garcıa P C, Lopez-Lefebre L R, Sanchez E and Romero L. 2001. Resistance to cold and heat stress: Accumulation of phenolic compounds in tomato and watermelon plants. Plant Science 160: 315–21.

Singleton V L, Orthofer R and Lamuela-Raventos R M. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology 299: 152–78.

Tesfaye T, Tigabu E, Gedamu Y and Lemma H. 2016. Effect of colored polyethylene mulch on soil temperature, growth, fruit quality and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 12(3): 161–66.

Wang S Y and Zheng W. 2001. Effect of plant growth temperature on antioxidant capacity in strawberry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49: 4977–82.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-04-25

Published

2023-07-07

Issue

Section

Short-Communication

How to Cite

KANNAUJIA, P. K., DUKARE, A., KALE, S., NATH, P., & SINGH, R. K. (2023). Effect of mulch type on physico-chemical quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) in semi-arid region of India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(6), 676–679. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i6.135650
Citation