Impacts of elevated ozone and CO2 on growth and yield of double zero mustard (Brassica juncea)


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Authors

  • GAYATHRI JAWAHARJOTHI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • D K SHARMA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • BOOMIRAJ KOVILPILLAI ACRC, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
  • ARTI BHATIA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SUDHIR KUMAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • MANJUNATH PRASAD ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SACHIN SURESH SUROSHE ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • RANJEET RANJAN KUMAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • VIJAY DUNNA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SOORA NARESH KUMAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i7.137155

Keywords:

Dry weight biomass, Elevated ozone, Elevated carbon dioxide, Growth rate, Yield

Abstract

An experiment was conducted during 2020–21 and 2021–22 under FACE (Free air concentration enrichment) by growing PDZM 31 (Pusa Double Zero Mustard 31) genotype under different treatments (elevated ozone, carbon dioxide, their interaction, and ambient). The aim of the study was to assess the impact of elevated ozone and carbon dioxide interaction on the growth and yield of Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.]. Growth characteristics (Crop growth rate, Absolute growth rate, Specific leaf area, Specific leaf weight, Dry weight of Biomass, Plant height, and no. of leaves) and yield attributes were negatively impacted under elevated ozone during different growth stages of Indian mustard followed by an increased growth under elevated CO2. In seed yield under interaction treatment, the elevated CO2 ameliorates the negative effects of elevated ozone by about 3.85% and 4.27% in both years.

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Submitted

2023-06-01

Published

2023-08-08

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How to Cite

JAWAHARJOTHI, G., SHARMA, D. K., KOVILPILLAI, B., BHATIA, A., KUMAR, S., PRASAD, M., SUROSHE, S. S., KUMAR, R. R., DUNNA, V., & KUMAR, S. N. (2023). Impacts of elevated ozone and CO2 on growth and yield of double zero mustard (Brassica juncea). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(7), 743–749. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i7.137155
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