Combining ability of yellow maize (Zea mays) inbred lines for yield and agronomic traits


Abstract views: 203 / PDF downloads: 300

Authors

  • MOHAMMAD R ISMAIL Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza 12619, Egypt https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-9661
  • HANY A A MOHAMED Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza 12619, Egypt
  • MOHAMED A A ABD-ELAZIZ Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza 12619, Egypt
  • HESHAM A ABOYOUSEF Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza 12619, Egypt

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i2.138214

Keywords:

Combining ability, Diallel cross, GCA, Gene action, Maize, SCA

Abstract

Present study was carried out during 2021 and 2022 at Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza, Egypt to estimate combining ability effects of newly developed 8 yellow maize (Zea nays L.) inbred lines using diallel cross fashion. The 28 maize hybrids were obtained by half diallel crosses at Ismailia Research Station in 2021 and evaluated at 3 locations, viz. Ismailia, Sids and Sakha Research stations in 2022 for yield and agronomic traits. Experimental results revealed that crosses mean square was significant for all the studied traits. Similarly, general and specific combining ability were significant for all the traits. Parental line P8 considered to be an excellent combiner for all traits studied except for, number of days to 50% silking and number of rows characters. The hybrid P5 × P8 possessed desirable SCA effects for a great number of studied traits. Besides, it recorded the heighest mean value for grain yield (12.55 t/ha) plus lowest ear position. As result, this cross P5×P8 could be recommended for releasing after extensive evaluation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chinthiya A, Ganesan K N, Ravikesavan R and Senthil N. 2019. Combining ability and association studies on different yield contributing traits for enhanced green cob yield in sweet corn (Zea mays con var. saccharata). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 10(2): 500–11.

Chozin M, Sudjatmiko S, Setyowati H, Fahrurrozi F and Muktamar Z. 2017. Analysis of traits association in sweet corn inbred lines as grown under organic crop management. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 49(4): 361–67.

Erenstein O, Jaleta M, Sonder K, Mottaleb K and Prasanna B. 2022. Global maize production, consumption and trade: Trends and R and D implications. Food Security 14(5): 1295–1319.

FAOStat. 2021. FAO Stat. FAO, Rome, http://www.fao.org/faostat Griffing B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 9(4): 463–93.

Ismail M R, El-Hosary A A, El-Badawy M El M and Abdallah T A. 2019a. Diallel analysis for yield and component traits in maize (Zea mays) under infestation and non-infestation with pink stem borer (Sesamia cretica). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(11):1953–58.

Ismail M R, El-Hosary A A, El-Badawy M El M and Abdallah T A. 2019b. Combining ability studies on resistance to pink stem borer (Sesamia cretica) in new yellow maize (Zea mays) hybrids. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 10(4): 1376–82.

Kage U, Lohithaswa H, Shekara B and Shobha D. 2013. Combining ability studies in maize (Zea mays L.). Molecular Plant Breeding

(14): 116–27.

Kamal N, Khanum S, Siddique M, Saeed M, Ahmed M F, Kalyar M T A, Rehman S U and Mahmood B. 2023. Heterosis and combining ability studies in a 5 × 5 diallel crosses of maize inbred lines. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Sciences 4(1): 419–24.

Karim A, Ahmed S, Talukder Z A, Alam M K and Billah M M. 2022. Combining ability and heterosis study for grain yield and yield contributing traits of maize (Zea mays L.). Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 47(1): 81–90.

Nadeem T, Khalil I H and Jadoon S A. 2023. Combining ability analysis for maturity and yield attributes in sweet corn across environments. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 55(2): 319–28.

Patel R M. 2022. Gene action and combining ability analysis for kernel yield and its attributing traits in maize [Zea mays (L.)]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 13(1): 273–78.

Patel K, Gami R A, Kugashiya K G, Chauhan R M, Patel R N and Patel R M. 2019. A Study on per se performance and heterosis for kernel yield and its attributing traits in maize [Zea mays (L.)]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 10(3): 980–87.

Rana G, Sharma P, Kamboj M C and Singh N. 2020. Combining ability effects and nature of gene action for grain yield and quality parameters in popcorn (Zea mays var. everta). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 11(4): 1215–21.

Revilla P, Calli M A and William F T. 2021. Sweet corn research around the world 2015–2020. Agronomy 11: 534.

Seledes R M, Ogliari J B and de Souza R. 2022. Diallel analysis of local sweet corn varieties for grain chemical quality. Research, Society and Development 11(6): e59411629417.

Shaaban A S, EL-Badawy M EL M, El Hosary A A A, Hammam G Y and Ayaad B N. 2022. Estimate of combining ability in 9 × 9 diallel crosses of maize at two locations. Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor 60(2): 373–84.

Steel R G and Torrie J. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, New York, USA.

Vasal S K. 1998. Hybrid maize technology: Challenges and expanding possibilities for research in the next century. Vasal S K, Gonzalez C F and Xingming F (Eds). (In) Proceedings of 7th Asian Regional Maize Workshop, Los Banos, Philippines, February 23–27, pp. 58–62.

Vieira F G K, Borges G D S C, Copetti C, Amboni R D D M C, Denardi F and Fett R. 2009. Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of six apple cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh) grown in southern Brazil. Scientia Horticulturae 122(3): 421–25.

Xingming F, Tan J, Chen Z and Yang J. 2002. Combining ability and heterotic grouping of 10 temperate, tropical and subtropical quality protein maize. Srinivasan G, Zaidi P H, Prasanna B N, Gonzalez F C and Lesnick K (Eds). (In) Proceedings of 8th Asian Regional Maize Workshop. Bangkok, Thailand, August 5–8, pp. 10–18.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-06-23

Published

2024-02-13

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

ISMAIL, M. R. ., MOHAMED, H. A. A. ., ABD-ELAZIZ, M. A. A. ., & ABOYOUSEF, H. A. . (2024). Combining ability of yellow maize (Zea mays) inbred lines for yield and agronomic traits. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 94(2), 135–139. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i2.138214
Citation