Effect of limited irrigation and planting systems on yield and water productivity of maize (Zea mays)


Abstract views: 209 / PDF downloads: 362

Authors

  • RAMANJIT KAUR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SUNIL KUMAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • S L MEENA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • ANCHAL DASS ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • R S BANA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • TEEKAM SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SHITAL KUMAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i1.141903

Keywords:

Crop establishment methods, Growth, Maize yield, Water productivity

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during the rainy (kharif) seasons of 2019 and 2020 at the research farm opf ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to study the effect of limited irrigation application and planting systems on yield and water productivity of maize (Zea mays L.). The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized complete block design with 3 replications. The experiment consisted of two crop establishment methods as one factor, viz. Narrow bed planting and broad bad planting and 5 irrigation levels, viz. 25% DASM (Depletion of available soil moisture); 25% DASM at tasselling, silking, grain filling and 50% during rest of time; 50% DASM at all growth stages; 50% DASM + KCl spray at 40 DAS and at pre-tasselling; and 50% DASM+2% Urea spray at 40 DAS and at pre-tasselling. Experimental results revealed that the broad bed system of planting during 2019 and 2020 recoded significantly higher grain yields (4.37 and 4.57 t/ha) compared to the narrow bed system (4.23 and 4.38 t/ha), respectively. Regarding different irrigation levels, the highest water productivity (91.26 and 199.76 kg/ ha-cm) was observed with irrigation at 50% DASM along with two sprays of urea at 40 DAS during both the years, respectively. It was concluded that broad bed along with irrigation at 50% DASM with two sprays of urea proved to be most effective approach to enhance water productivity and yield of maize crop.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Huang C Ma, S Gao, Y Liu, Z Qin, A Zhao, B Ning, D Duan, A Liu X and Chen H. 2022. Response of summer maize growth andwater use to different irrigation regimes. Agronomy 12: 768. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12040768

ICAR-IIMR https://iimr.icar.gov.in/india-maze-scenario (accessed on 12 Nov, 2021)

Kaur S, Kaur Ramanjit and Chauhan B S. 2018. Understanding crop-weed-fertilizer-water interactions and their implications for weed management in agricultural systems. Crop Protection 103: 65–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.09.011

Kaur Ramanjit, Raj R, Das T K, Singh R, Jaidka M and Shekhawat K. 2020. Managing weeds using sequential herbicides in maize for improving crop growth and productivity under irrigated conditions in north-western India. Maydica 65 (11): 1–10.

Kaur Ramanjit, Kumar Sunil, Dass Anchal, Singh Teekam, Kumar Praveen and Rakesh Dawar. 2023. Response of maize (Zea mays) to different planting methods with limited irrigation at water sensitive growth stages. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 93 (6): 626–31. https://doi.org/10.56093/ ijas.v93i6.124163

Kumar N, Chhokar R, Meena R P, Kharub A S, Gill S C, Tripathi C and Singh G P. 2021. Challenges and opportunities in productivity and sustainability of rice cultivation system: a critical review in Indian perspective. Cereal Research Communications 1–29.

Mishra J S, Poonia S P, Kumar R, Dubey R, Kumar V, Mondal S and Bhaskar S. 2021. An impact of agronomic practices of sustainable rice-wheat crop intensification on food security, economic adaptability, and environmental mitigation across eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains. Field Crops Research 267: 108164.

Parihar C M, Yadav M R, Jat S L, Singh A K, Kumar B, Pradhan S, Chakraborty D, Jat M L, Jat R K, Saharawat Y S and Yadav O P. 2016. Long term effect of conservation agriculture in maize rotations on total organic carbon, physical and biological properties of a sandy loam soil in north-western Indo-Gangetic Plains. Soil and Tillage Research 161: 116–28.

Pooniya V, Zhiipao R R, Biswakarma N, Kumar D, Shivay Y S, Babu S and Lama A. 2022. Conservation agriculture based integrated crop management sustains productivity and economic profitability along with soil properties of the maize-wheat rotation. Scientific Reports 12(1): 1962.

Singh Y, Kukal S S, Jat M L and Sidhu H S. 2014. Improving water productivity of wheat-based cropping systems in South Asia for sustained productivity. Advances of Agronomy 127: 157–258.

Zhaoquan He, Tonghui Zhang Xinping, Liu and Xue Shang. 2018. Water-yield relationship responses of maize to ridge-furrow planting systems coupled with multiple irrigation levels in China’s Horqin sandy land. Agronomy 8(10): 221. doi:10.3390/ agronomy8100221

Downloads

Submitted

2023-09-04

Published

2024-01-12

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

KAUR, R. ., KUMAR, S. ., MEENA, S. L. ., DASS, A. ., BANA, R. S. ., SINGH, T. ., & KUMAR, S. . (2024). Effect of limited irrigation and planting systems on yield and water productivity of maize (Zea mays). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 94(1), 033–038. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i1.141903
Citation