Effect of enriched FYM and rice residue compost on growth, productivity and economics of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)


Abstract views: 171 / PDF downloads: 209

Authors

  • KAMAL GARG ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SHIVA DHAR ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  • V K SHARMA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  • RAJENDRA PRASAD MEENA ICAR- Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora Uttarakhand
  • SHANTI DEVI BAMBORIYA ICAR-Indian Institute of Maize Research, Ludhiana, Punjab

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i12.142221

Keywords:

Farmyard manure, Paddy husk ash, Pigeonpea, Potato peel compost, Rice residue compost, Seed yield

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during rainy (kharif) seasons of 2020 and 2021 at the research farm of ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to evaluate the performance of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp] as affected by enriched organic formulations. The experiment comprised of seven nutrient sources, viz. control; 100% RDN through FYM; 100% RDN through improved RRC (Rice Residue Compost); 100% RDN through PHA (Paddy Husk Ash) enriched FYM; 75% RDN through PHA enriched FYM; 100% RDN through PPC (Potato Peel Compost) enriched FYM; and 75% RDN through PPC enriched FYM that were tested in randomized block design and replicated thrice. Significantly higher number of pods per plant was observed with the application of 100% RDN through PHA enriched FYM over control during both the years of study. The same treatment resulted into statistically higher yields of seed (1.89; 1.97 t/ha) and stover (7.83; 8.03 t/ha) over control and remained at par with 100% RDN through PPC enriched FYM and FYM during both the years. Results further indicated that highest gross returns, net returns and net B:C ratio (₹121.2 × 103 and 131.9 × 103/ha; ₹94.9 × 103 and 104.6 × 103/ha; 3.60 and 3.84) were obtained with 100% RDN through PHA enriched FYM over control and remain at par with treatment 100% RDN through PPC enriched FYM and FYM. Significantly maximum amount of available N in soil after harvest of pigeonpea crop was obtained under application of 100% RDN through PPC enriched FYM (229.1 and 231.9 kg/ha) over control. Further, application of 100% RDN through RRC showed superiority in increasing the available K (264.9 and 265.0 kg/ha) content in soil over control and other nutrient sources during both the years.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bhattacharyya R, Kundu S, Prakash V and Gupta H S. 2008. Sustainability under combined application of mineral and organic fertilizers in a rainfed soybean–wheat systems of the Indian Himalayas. European Journal of Agronomy 28(1): 33–46.

Bougnom B P and Insam H. 2009. Ash additives to compost affect soil microbial communities and apple seedling growth. Die

Bodenkultur 60(2): 5–15.

Behera P and Mohapatra A. 2022. Effect of integrated nutrient management practices on productivity of blackgram (Vigna mungo). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 92(10): 1283–85. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i10.125429

Dhandayuthapani U N, Loganathan V and Latha K R. 2015. Growth, yield and biological indices of medium duration pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 45(4): 760–66.

FAO. 2020. FAOSTAT Production Statistics, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Gomez K A and Gomez A A. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. An International Rice Research Institute Book, A. Wiley-inter Science, John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York, United States of America.

Gupta G, Dhar S, Dass A, Sharma V K, Singh R K, Kumar A, Jinger D and Kumar A. 2018. Influence of bio-inoculant mediated organic nutrient management on productivity and profitability of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) in a semi-arid agro-ecology. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 88(10): 1593–96.

Gupta G, Dhar S, Dass A, Sharma V K, Singh R, Shukla L, Singh R, Kumar A, Kumar A, Jinger D, Sannagoudar M S, Kamboj N K and Verma G. 2020. Assessment of bio-inoculant mediated nutrient management in terms of productivity, profitability and nutrient harvest index of pigeon pea-wheat cropping system in India. Journal of Plant Nutrition 43(19): 2911–28.

V Kadam P, Jat S L, Parihar C M, Singh A K, Mahala D M, Kumar A, Radheshyam, Naragund R, Kumar A and Singh R. 2022. Effect of residue and nitrogen management in maize (Zea mays) on mustard (Brassica juncea) productivity and profitability under conservation agriculture. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 92(5): 637–42. https://doi. org/10.56093/ijas.v92i5.124789

Patil A B and Padmani D R. 2007. Effect of INM practices on yield, quality and economics of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp.) under rainfed conditions. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(2): 202–04.

Paul J, Choudhary A K, Sharma S, Savita, Bohra M, Dixit A K and Kumar P. 2016. Potato production through bio–resources: Long–term effects on tuber productivity, quality, carbon sequestration and soil health in temperate Himalayas. Scientia Horticulturae 213: 152–63.

Rajkhowa D J, Saikia M and Rajkhowa K M. 2003. Effect of vermicompost and levels of fertilizer on green gram. Legume Research 26(1): 63–65.

Reddy A S R, Reddy M C S, Babu J S, Khan M M and Rao M M. 2011. Integrated nutrient management in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology 2(2): 467–70.

Schiemenz K and Eichle-Loebermann B. 2010. Biomass ashes and their phosphorus fertilizing effect on different crops. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 87(3): 471–82.

Singh I D and Stoskopf N C. 1971. Harvest index in cereals. Agronomy Journal 63(2): 224–26.

Thakur R, Sawarkar S D, Vaishya U K and Singh M. 2011. Impact of continuous use of inorganic fertilizers and organic manure on soil properties and productivity under soybean–wheat intensive cropping of a Vertisol. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 59(1): 74–81.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-09-09

Published

2023-12-19

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

GARG, K. ., DHAR, S. ., SHARMA, V. K. ., MEENA, R. P. ., & BAMBORIYA, S. D. . (2023). Effect of enriched FYM and rice residue compost on growth, productivity and economics of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(12), 1333–1337. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i12.142221
Citation