Enhancing the performance of chilli (Capsicum annuum) through twin role of plant growth promotion and disease suppressionvia Bacillus subtilis-based bioformulation


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Authors

  • POPY BORA Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam 785 013, India
  • BISHAL SAIKIA Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam 785 013, India
  • MEHJEBIN RAHMAN Assam Rice Research Institute, Assam Agricultural University, Titabar, Jorhat, Assam
  • SHENAZ SULTANA AHMED Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam 785 013, India
  • RAJASHREE CHETIA Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam 785 013, India
  • NASEEMA RAHMAN Horticultural Research Station, Kahikuchi, Assam Agricultural University, Kamrup, Assam
  • BHARAT CH NATH Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam 785 013, India
  • WASIM HASSAN RAJA ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Srinagar, Kashmir

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i1.142692

Keywords:

B. subtilis, Bioformulation, Chilli, Induced defense enzymes, Plant growth promotion

Abstract

Considering the majority of studies confined in vitro evaluation of microbial bioagents against diseases, a study was carried out during 2018–21 at Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, (in vivo and field studies) to assess bio-efficacy of B. subtilis (strain LB22)-based liquid bioformulation against bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) and anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) diseases of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). In vivo efficacy of B. subtilis formulation (inclusive treatment involving seed treatment, seedling dip, soil treatment and foliar spray) showed significant suppressiveness against both the diseases coupled with enhanced growth and yield attributes. Subsequently, the field evaluation of Bacillus subtilis formulation comparing standard chemicals also edged over the latter by 15.45% in terms of yield gains in 2-years of study. A significant reduction was found in disease severity during field evaluation of Bacillus subtilis formulation on account of induced resistance via upregulated synthesis of plant defense-enzymes (Polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, and β-1,3-glucanase) by 2.3–11.0 folds with their peaks mostly expressed within 24–72 h. These results put forward a conceptual framework for delivery mechanism of a microbial bioagent in a formulation mode, having the potential to be effective against a number of other diseases as well.

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Submitted

2023-09-20

Published

2024-01-12

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How to Cite

BORA, P. ., SAIKIA, B. ., RAHMAN, M. ., AHMED, S. S. ., CHETIA, R. ., RAHMAN, N. ., NATH, B. C. ., & RAJA, W. H. . (2024). Enhancing the performance of chilli (Capsicum annuum) through twin role of plant growth promotion and disease suppressionvia Bacillus subtilis-based bioformulation. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 94(1), 039–043. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i1.142692
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