Harnessing the association between morphological, biochemical and fibre quality traits in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum) genotypes


Abstract views: 108 / PDF downloads: 139

Authors

  • DEEPAK KUMAR Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • OMENDER SANGWAN Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • MINAKSHI JATTAN Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • SANDEEP KUMAR Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • SOMVEER Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • GANESH KUMAR KOLI College of Agriculture, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Bhusawara, Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • VIVEK SINGH Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i2.144660

Keywords:

Association, Desi cotton, Fibre quality, Path analysis, Seed cotton yield

Abstract

An experiment was conducted during the rainy (kharif) seasons of 2019 and 2020 at the research farm of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar, Haryana to study the relationship between morphological, biochemical and fibre quality parameters in 150 desi cotton [Gossypium arboreum (L.)] genotypes in augmented design. Findings of the experiment indicated that the seed cotton yield per plant was significantly and positively correlated with all the traits except days to first flower (-0.226) and plant height (-0.521), while, negatively correlated with biochemical and fibre quality traits. Thus, while improving other traits, seed cotton yield per plant will also increase. Fibre quality traits like fibre length was significant and positively (0.754) correlated with fibre strength but negatively correlated with seed cotton, suggesting quality and quantity can not be improved simultaneously. Hence selection should be done very precisely that as one can not be compromised. Path analysis also revealed that the maximum contribution towards yield was by the number of bolls per plant (0.57), boll weight (0.33), GOT (0.11) and the number of monopods (0.10). Fibre quality parameters did not show any significant contribution directly or indirectly to seed cotton yield. The five traits, viz. number of bolls per plant, number of monopods, ginning outturn (%), seed index (g) and number of seed per boll can contribute to the improvement in cotton. Overall, the significance of this study lies in its potential to yield improvement in desi cotton.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al Jibouri H, Miller P A and Robinson H F. 1958. Genotypic and environmental variances and covariances in an upland cotton cross of interspecific origin. Agronomy Journal 50(10): 633–36.

Ankaranarayanan K, Prakash A H, Manivannan A and Sabesh M. 2021. Assessing production potential and quality parameters

of ELS cotton (Gossypium barbadense) genotypes. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 91(6): 876–79.

Babu B J, Satish Y, Ahamed M and Rao V S. 2017. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for yield and yield component traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). The Journal of Research ANGRAU 45(3): 42–47.

Blaise D, Kranthi K, Saxena S, Venugopalan M V and Mohan P. 2022. Productivity and fibre attributes of absorbent Asiatic cotton (Gossypium arboreum) cultivars in rainfed central India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 92(3): 300–04. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122542

Chandra M and Sreenivasan S. 2011. Studies on improved Gossypium arboreum cotton: Part I– fibre quality parameters. Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research 36: 24–34.

Chaudhari M N, Faldu G O and Ramani H R. 2017. Genetic variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Advances in Bio research 8(6): 266–33.

Clement J D, Constable G A, Stiller W N and Liu S M. 2012. Negative associations still exist between yield and fibre quality in cotton breeding programs in Australia and USA. Field Crops Research 128: 1–7.

Dewey D R and Lu K H. 1959. A correlation and path coefficient analysis of components crested wheat grass and seed production. Agronomy Journal 52: 515–18.

Hasan K and Latha H C. 2017. Genetic variability, association and path-analysis in upland cotton (G. arboretum L.) genotypes. Environment and Ecology 35(2D): 1457–62.

Jangid K, Sangwan O, Chaudhary M and Kumar P. 2022. Correlation and path analysis for seed cotton yield and its contributing traits under irrigated conditions of Sirsa in desi cotton: Correlation and path analysis for seed cotton yield. Journal of AgriSearch 9(2): 129–32.

Kumar A K and Ravikesavan R. 2010. Genetic studies of correlation and path coefficient analysis for seed oil, yield and fibre quality traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 4: 5496–99.

Kumar D, Sangwan O, Kumar M, Jattan M, Kumar S, Nimbal S, Kiran, Jogender, Suman and Pooja. 2023. Genetic variability studies in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.) germplasm. Journal of Cotton Research and Development 37(1): 0972–861.

Li F, Fan G, Wang K, Sun F, Yuan Y, Song G, Li Q, Ma Z, Lu C, Zou C, Chen W, Liang X, Shang H, Liu W, Shi C, Xiao G, Gou C, Ye W, Xu X, Zhang X, Wei H, Li Zhang G, Wang J, Liu K, Kohel R J, Percy R G, Yu J Z, Zhu Y X, Wang J and Yu S. 2014. Genome sequence of the cultivated cotton Gossypium arboreum. Nature Genetics 46: 567–72.

Mahdy E E, Abo-Elwafa S F, Abdel-Zahir G H and Abdelrahman N I. 2021. Drought tolerance indices and path-analysis in long staple cotton genotypes (G. barbadense). SVU-International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(3): 177–91.

Mahesh B, Valu M G and Sruthi D R. 2021. Character association and diversity analysis in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 10(4): 259–67.

Nandhini K, Premalatha N, Saraswathi R, Sakthivel N and Kumaravadivel N. 2019. Genetic studies for yield and fibre quality related traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and identification of superior transgressive segregants. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 8(11): 1609–19.

Rai P and Sangwan O. 2020. Correlation studies in elite lines of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 11(1): 298–300.

Rani R, Dogra B S, Singh S P, Kumari S and Sharma P. 2023. Variability and character association studies for yield and yield contributing characters in cucumber (Cucumis sativus) under low hills of Himachal Pradesh. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 93(7): 801–05.

Romeu-Dalmau C, Bonsall M, Willis K and Dolan L. 2015. Asiatic cotton can generate similar economic benefits to Bt cotton under rainfed conditions. Nature Plants 1: 15072.

Satish Y, Rani M S and Chapara R. 2020. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for yield and yield component traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Journal of Chemical Studies 8(2): 2742–46.

Vinodhana N, Gunasekaran M and Vindhiyavarman P. 2013. Genetic studies of variability, correlation and path co-efficient analysis in cotton genotypes. International Journal of Pure Applied and Bioscience 1(5): 6–10.

Wang F, Zhang C, Liu G, Chen Y, Zhang J and Qiao Q. 2016. Phenotypic variation analysis and QTL mapping for cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fibre quality grown in different cotton-producing regions. Euphytica 211: 169–83.

Wright S. 1921. Path coefficients and path regressions: Alternative or complementary concepts. Biometrics 16(2): 189–202.

Yu J, Zhang K, Li S, Yu S, Zhai H, Wu M, Li X, Fan S, Song M, Yang D, Li Y and Zhang J. 2013. Mapping quantitative trait loci for lint yield and fibre quality across environments in a Gossypium hirsutum × Gossypium barbadense backcross inbred line population. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 126: 275–87.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-10-31

Published

2024-02-13

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

KUMAR, D. ., SANGWAN, O. ., JATTAN, M. ., KUMAR, S. ., SOMVEER, KOLI, G. K. ., & SINGH, V. . (2024). Harnessing the association between morphological, biochemical and fibre quality traits in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum) genotypes. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 94(2), 150–155. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i2.144660
Citation