Effects of pre-harvest soil management practices and post-harvest processing on phytochemical qualities of turmeric (Curcuma longa)

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  • B U CHOUDHURY ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103
  • A NATH ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103
  • S HAZARIKA ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103
  • M A ANSARI ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103
  • J BURAGOHAIN ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103
  • D MISHRA ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103



Antioxidant activity, β-carotene, Curcumin, Phytochemicals, Soil management, Turmeric


Phytochemicals from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) have a plethora of beneficial, including medicinal uses. To increase their dietary intake, besides minimizing processing losses, exploring pre-harvest soil managements to increase their content naturally may be a suitable option. We made an attempt to assess the effect of pre-harvest
soil management by either organic manuring or inorganic fertilization with or without agricultural liming and postharvest processing through curing followed by drying at 60 ± 2° C on phytochemical properties of turmeric cultivar Meghaturmeric 1 grown in the acid soils of sub-tropical climate of northeast India. Pre-harvest management of soils significantly (P ≤0.001) influenced the phytochemical concentration of turmeric rhizomes. Curcumin concentration in fresh mother rhizome was 15-38% higher than the fresh finger rhizomes. Similarly, fresh mother rhizomes had 21-22% more β-carotene and 7-9% more anti-oxidants than the fingers. Post-harvest processing of fresh rhizomes (mother and fingers) to yield dry powder resulted in significant reduction of curcumin (by 2.0-8.0%), β carotene (by 8-28%) and anti-oxidant (by 43-64%) concentrations. Pre-harvest soil managements by poultry manuring with liming considerably increased the phytochemical concentrations in the turmeric rhizomes.


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How to Cite

CHOUDHURY, B. U., NATH, A., HAZARIKA, S., ANSARI, M. A., BURAGOHAIN, J., & MISHRA, D. (2017). Effects of pre-harvest soil management practices and post-harvest processing on phytochemical qualities of turmeric (Curcuma longa). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 87(8), 1002–1007. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v87i8.73046