Organic source of nutrients effect on growth, yield and quality of elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius)


Abstract views: 208 / PDF downloads: 103

Authors

  • M NEDUNCHEZHIYAN Regional Centre, ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751 019
  • V RAVI Regional Centre, ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751 019
  • G BYJU Regional Centre, ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751 019
  • JAMES GEORGE Regional Centre, ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751 019

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v87i8.73076

Keywords:

Biofertilizers, Corm yield, Elephant foot yam, Organic manures

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the Regional Centre of ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, India during 2008-09 and 2009-10 to find out the effect of organic source of nutrients on growth, yield and quality of elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson). The experiment consisted of nine treatments (T1 to T9) involving different combinations of vermicompost, farmyard manure, poultry manure, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, phosphorous solubilising bacteria, Azospirillum and ash and recommended N-P2O5-K2O 80-60-100 kg/ha (T10). Application of 10 t FYM along with 5 t ash, 5 kg Azospirillum and 5 kg PSB /ha (T7) resulted in significantly taller pseudostem, more girth of pseudostem at collar region, wider canopy, more leaflets/hill and leaf area at 3 and 5 MAP. Plants under the same treatment had maximum dry matter in pseudostem, leaf canopy and corm, and corm yield. Application of PSB resulted in greater dry matter production and corm yield than VAM. FYM based organic source of nutrients significantly reduced calcium oxalate in corms.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

António Quilambo O. 2003. The vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. African Journal of Biotechnology 2 (12): 539–54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2003.000-1105

Bennett M and Franzel S. 2013. Can organic and resource conserving agriculture improve livelihoods? A synthesis. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 11(3): 193–215. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2012.724925

Chitale S, Pali G P, Tiwari A and Urkurkar J S. 2015. Long term organic nutrient management in high value rice (Oryza sativa) – potato (Solanum tuberosum)/ onion (Allium cepa) cropping system in Chhattisgarh. Indian Journal of Agronomy 60(2): 197–204.

Das P K, Sen H, Banerjee N C and Panda P K. 1997. Biomass production and growth rate at different phenophases of elephant foot yam as influenced by chemical treatments. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 31: 115–21.

Devi K N, Singh M S, Singh N G and Athokpam H S. 2011. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Crop and Weed 7(2): 23–7.

Gupta R, Yadav A and Garg V K. 2014. Influence of vermicompost application in potting media on growth and flowering of marigold crop. International Journal of Recycling Organic Waste Agriculture 3: 46–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40093-014-0047-1

Kabeerathumma S, Mohankumar B and Nair P G. 1987. Nutrient uptake and their utilization by yams, aroids, coleus. Technical Bulletin Series No. 10, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, 34 p.

Khambalkar P A, Tomar P S and Verma S K. 2012. Long term effects of integrated nutrient management on productivity and soil fertility in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)-mustard (Brassica juncea) cropping sequence. Indian Journal of Agronomy 57(3): 222–8.

Kumar A. 2008. Direct and residual effect of nutrient management in maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 53(1): 37–41.

Lazcanoa C and Domínguez J. 2012. The use of vermicompost in sustainable agriculture: impact on plant growth and soil fertility. (In) Soil Nutrients, p23 Miransari M (Ed). Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Manjunath B L, Mahajan G R, Ramesh R and Singh N P. 2016. Effect of improved nutrient management on grain yield of rice (Oryza sativa) and soil health under organic management. Indian Journal of Agronomy 61(1): 25–32.

Misra R S, Nedunchezhiyan M, Shivalingaswamy T M and Edison S. 2002. Mass multiplication techniques for producing quality planting material of Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson (Araceae). Aroideana 25: 78–87.

Monreal M A, Grant C A, Irvine R B, Mohr R M, McLaren D L and Khakbazan M. 2011. Crop management effect on arbuscular mycorrhizae and root growth of flax. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 91: 315–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4141/CJPS10136

Nedunchezhiyan M and Misra R S. 2008. Amorphophallus tubers invaded by Cynodon dactylon. Aroideana 31: 129–33.

Nedunchezhiyan M, Byju G and Dash S N. 2010. Effects of organic production of orange fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) on root yield, quality and soil biological health. International Research Journal of Plant Science 1(6): 136–43.

Nedunchezhiyan M, Byju G and Naskar S K. 2008. Yield potential and economics of elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius) + green gram (Vigna radiata) intercropping system as influenced by mulching and fertilizer levels. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 78(1): 17–20.

Nedunchezhiyan M, Saurabh A and Ranasingh N. 2006. Elephant foot yam: A commercial crop for Orissa. Orissa Review LXIII (1): 71–2.

Oteino N, Lally R D, Kiwanuka S, Lloyd A, Ryan D, Germaine K J and Dowling D N. 2015. Plant growth promotion induced by phosphate solubilizing endophytic Pseudomonas isolates. Frontiers in Microbiology 6: Article 745. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00745

Patel B M and Mehta H M. 1984. Effect of farm yard manure, spacing and nitrogen on yield of elephant foot (Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume). Indian Journal of Agronomy 29: 569–70.

Paikray R K, Mahapatra B S and Sharma G L. 2002. Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen on productivity and soil fertility under rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) crop sequence. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 72(8): 445–8.

Patra A K, Nishra K N, Garnayak L M, Halder J and Swain S K. 2016. Evaluation of organic nutrient management practices in rice (Oryza sativa) - tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) -okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) system under irrigated conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy 61(2): 154–60.

Ravi V, Ravindran C S, Suja G, James George, Nedunchezhiyan M, Byju G and Naskar S K. 2011. Crop physiology of elephant foot yam [Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst. Nicolson)]. Advances in Horticultural Sciences 25(1): 51–63.

Santhi R and Selvakumari G. 2000. Use of organic sources of nutrients in crop production. (in) Theme Papers on Integrated Nutrient Management, pp 87-101. Kannaiyan. S, Kumar K and Govindarajan K (Eds). Tamil Nadu Agriculture University and Tamil Nadu Department Agricultural, Coimbatore.

Singh Y V, Singh B V, Pabbi S and Singh P K. 2007. Impact of organic farming on yield and quality of Basmati rice and soil properties. http://orgprints.org/view/projects/wissenschaftstagung-2007.html

Sreedevi S. 2016. Effect of phosphate solubilising bacteria Bacillus PSB24 on growth of tomato plants. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 5 (7): 311–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.507.033

Srinivas T, Nedunchezhiyan M and Misra R S. 2012. Marketing system of aroids and yams in India. Technical Bulletin Series No. 53, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Thiruvananthpuram, Kerala, p 80.

Suja G, Sundaresan S, Susan John K, Sreekumar J and Misra R S. 2012. Higher yield, profit and soil quality from organic farming of elephant foot yam. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 32: 755–64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-011-0058-5

Suja G. 2013. Comparison of tuber yield, nutritional quality and soil health under organic versus conventional production in tuberous vegetables. Indian Journal of Agriculture Sciences 83(11): 35–40.

Vahed H S, Shahinrokhsar P and Heydarnezhad F. 2012. Performance of phosphate solubilizing bacteria for improving growth and yield of rice (Oryza Sativa L.) in the presence of phosphorus fertilizer. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4 (17): 1 228–32.

Viruel E, Erazzú L E, Martínez Calsina L, Ferrero M A, Lucca M E and Siñeriz F. 2014. Inoculation of maize with phosphate solubilizing bacteria: effect on plant growth and yield. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 14 (4): 819–31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162014005000065

Walpola B C and Yoon M-H. 2013. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria: Assessment of their effect on growth promotion and phosphorous uptake of mung bean (Vigna radiata [L.] R. Wilczek). Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 73(3): 275–81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392013000300010

Downloads

Submitted

2017-08-11

Published

2017-08-17

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

NEDUNCHEZHIYAN, M., RAVI, V., BYJU, G., & GEORGE, J. (2017). Organic source of nutrients effect on growth, yield and quality of elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 87(8), 1018–1023. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v87i8.73076
Citation