Bio-intensive complimentary cropping systems for north-west India


Abstract views: 199 / PDF downloads: 146

Authors

  • S S WALIA Punjab Agricultural University
  • R S GILL Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • TAMANPREET KAUR Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • C S AULAKH Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.89317

Keywords:

Rice equivalent yield, production efficiency, net returns, energy use efficiency and energy productivity

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during 2014–15 and 2015–16 at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana to evaluate bio-intensive complementary cropping systems as a possible replacement of the prevailing rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system. The treatments comprised 12 cropping systems and were set in a three-time replicated randomized block design. The results revealed that maize (Zea mays L.) (cobs) + vegetable cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] + Sesbania-gram (Cicer arietinum L.) + gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.) cropping system showed maximum rice equivalent yield (229.9 q/ha), production efficiency (79.4 kg/day/ha) and net returns (`30,6066/ha). These systems also ensured saving of 127.5 cm irrigation water over the existing rice-wheat system (247.5 cm) and proved to be a viable option to avail higher profitability for farmers in Punjab. The removal of N, P and K was significantly higher in all the maize based cropping systems over rice-wheat cropping system. In addition, maize (furrow) + turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) (bed)-wheat (bed) + linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) (furrow) cropping system gave highest viable counts of actinomycetes and fungi, whereas maize (furrow) + turmeric (bed)-barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) (bed) + linseed (furrow) gave highest count for bacteria. The fodder based cropping system, viz. sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] + cowpea (fodder)-wheat + gobhi sarson with high energy output showed the highest energy-use efficiency (48.28) and energy output efficiency (6.35×103 MJ/ha/day). Maize (cobs)+vegetable cowpea + Sesbania-gram + gobhi sarson cropping system showed the highest average maximum energy productivity (8.24 kg REY/MJ) and it was mainly due to its higher REY.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • S S WALIA, Punjab Agricultural University

    Senior Agronomist in School of Organic Farming, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

References

Anderson R I. 2005. Are some crops synergistic to following crops. Agronomy Journal 97(1): 7–10.

Choudhary J B, Thakur R C, Bhargava M and Sood R D. 2001. Production potential and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.) based cropping system on farmers' fields under mid hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 27: 31–35.

Dass A and Sudhishri S. 2010. Intercropping in fingermillet (Eleusine coracana) with pulses for enhanced productivity, resource conservation and soil fertility in uplands of southern Orissa. Indian Journal of Agronomy 55(2): 89–94.

Devasenapathy P, Kumar G S and Gill M S. 2009. Energy in Crop Production. Project Directorate for Cropping Systems Research, Modipuram, Meerut.

Dhawan V and Singh J M. 2015. Role of farm inputs in sustaining Punjab agriculture, Indian Journal of Economics and Development 11(1): 325–32.

Gill M S and Sharma G C. 2005. Cropping systems diversification opportunities and conservation agriculture. Journal of Farming Systems Research and Development 11(2): 127–34.

Jeavons J. 2006. Ecology Action: Grow bio-intensive. Retrieved from http://www.growbiointensive.org/grow_main.html on September 23, 2015.

Prajapat K, Vyas A K, Dhar S, Jain N K, Hashim M and Choudhary G L. 2018. Energy input-output relationships of soyabean based cropping systems under nutrient supply options. Journal of Environmental Biology 39: 93–101.

Sankaranarayanan K, Praharaj C S, Nalayini P, Bandyopadhya K K and Gopalakrishnan N. 2010. Legume as companion crop for cotton. Journal of Cotton Research and Development 24(1): 115–26.

Sharma R P, Pathak S K, Haque M and Raman K R. 2004. Diversification of traditional rice (Oryza sativa L.) based cropping systems for sustainable production in South Bihar alluvial plains. Indian Journal of Agronomy 9(4): 218–22.

Singh P. 2006. Alternate cropping systems in peri-urban areas (Annual Report). Modipurram, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh: Project Directorate for Cropping Systems Research, 10–11.

Walia S S, Aulakh C S, Dhawan V and Kaur J. 2017. Bio-intensive complementary cropping systems to revitalize sustainability and profitability in Punjab agriculture. Indian Journal of Economics and Development 13(2a): 392–96.

Walia S S, Gill M S and Dhaliwal S S. 2010. Production potential and economics of different cropping systems and their impact on soil health. Indian Journal of Ecology 37: 23–26.

Walia S S, Gill R S, Aulakh C S and Kaur M. 2014. Energy efficiency indices of alternate cropping systems of North West India. Indian Journal of Agronomy 59(3): 359–63.

Yadav J S P. 2002. Agricultural resource management in India: The challenges. Journal of Agricultural Water Management 1(1): 61–69.

Downloads

Submitted

2019-04-29

Published

2022-03-29

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

WALIA, S. S., GILL, R. S., KAUR, T., & AULAKH, C. S. (2022). Bio-intensive complimentary cropping systems for north-west India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(8), 936-941. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.89317
Citation