Effect of soil amelioration on high value vegetables grown under protected conditions


Abstract views: 136 / PDF downloads: 145

Authors

  • VEERENDRA KUMAR VERMA ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103, India
  • B U CHOUDHURY ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya 793 103, India
  • ANJANI KUMAR JHA ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.89391

Keywords:

Mulching, Protected cultivation, Soil amelioration, Tomato

Abstract

High-value vegetable production under open field in northeast India's hilly ecosystem often suffers from abiotic and biotic stresses (low temperature, soil acidity and moisture deficit during winter, and infestation of pests-diseases during humid summer). Protected cultivation with soil ameliorative measures may help in overcoming these limitations while sustaining year-round production. An experiment was conducted at the Horticulture Experimental Farm, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Meghalaya for three consecutive years (2016–18) to study the yield performance of 4 high-value vegetables (tomato, capsicum, king-chilli and cucumber) grown under naturally ventilated polyhouse in the strong acid soils (pH<4.80) of mid-altitude (960 m amsl) sub-tropical hilly ecosystem of northeast India. Crops were grown with three ameliorative measures (liming @2.5 q/ha, black polythene mulching, and both) and yields were compared with control (without liming and mulching). Liming increased soil pH by 0.39–0.5 units, available phosphorus by 3.8–4.6 kg/ha and bases (calcium and magnesium) by 1.0–1.2 meq/100 g soil. On black polythene mulching, temperature (air and soil) increased by 5.5–8.7°C and 3.9–5.8°C, respectively, during extremely cold periods (December–February). Soil moisture retention was 3.8–5.2% higher over control plots. Ameliorative measures (liming or mulching) increased tomato yields by 15.0–28.5%, capsicum by 21.1–59.9% and king-chilli by 5.76–24.5% while cucumber yield in mulched plot increased 2-fold over respective control plots. The yields of all the vegetables further increased on the combined application of lime and mulch together. Findings suggest ameliorative measures promises better productivity of vegetables under controlled environment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. 2018. Horticultural Statistics at a Glance-2018. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agricultura & Farmers Welfare, Government of India pp. 458.

Dhaliwal M S, Sharma S P, Jindal S K, Dhaliwal L K and Gaikwad A K. 2017. Growth and yield of bell pepper as influenced by growing environment, mulch, and planting date. Journal of Crop Improvement 31(6):830–46.

Jackson M L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice−Hall: New Delhi.

Kumar M, Hazarika S, Choudhury B U, Ramesh T, Verma B C and Bordoloi L J. 2013. Liming and integrated nutrient management for enhancing maize productivity on acidic soils of northeast India. Indian Journal of Hill Farming 25(1): 35–37.

Laulina K and Hasan M. 2018. Soil temperature variation for different plastic mulches for capsicum crop under greenhouse condition. International Journal of Chemical Studies 6(5): 3339–42.

Marwein M A, Choudhury B U, Chakraborty D, Kumar M, Das A and Rajkhowa D J. 2017. Response of water deficit regime and soil amelioration on evapotranspiration loss and water use efficiency of maize (Zea mays L.) in subtropical Northeastern Himalayas. International Journal of Biometeorology 61(5): 845–55.

Patiram. 2007. Management and future research strategies for enhancing productivity of crops on the acid soils. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 55(4): 411–20.

Paul J C, Mishra J N, Pradhan P L and Panigrahi B. 2013. Effect of drip and surface irrigation on yield, water use efficiency and economics of capsicum (Capsicum annum L.) grown under mulch and non-mulch conditions in eastern coastal India. European Journal of Sustainable Development 2(1): 99–08.

Singh A K, Singh A K, Gupta M J and Shrivastav R. 2003. Effect of polyhouse on insect pest incidence, fruit quality and production of vegetable and fruit crops. (In) Proceeding of the National Symposium on Frontier areas of Entomological Research, 5–7 November, 2003, IARI, New Delhi, pp. 94.

Verma, V K, Jha A K and Baiswar P. 2018. Studies on yield and economics of high value vegetable crops grown under low-cost polyhouse in the mid-hill conditions of Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Horticulture 75(4): 631–38.

Downloads

Submitted

2019-05-01

Published

2022-12-16

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

VERMA, V. K., CHOUDHURY, B. U., & JHA, A. K. (2022). Effect of soil amelioration on high value vegetables grown under protected conditions. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(12), 1464–1468. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.89391
Citation