Heterosis and combining ability analysis for yield and its component traits in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea)


Abstract views: 283 / PDF downloads: 234

Authors

  • NEELAM SHEKHAWAT ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resporces, Regional Station, Jodhpur (Raj.)
  • HEMLATA SHARMA RCA, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Raj.)
  • K S CHANDRAWAT RCA, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Raj.)

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.96674

Keywords:

Brassica juncea, GCA, Heterosis, Diallel analysis, SCA, Yield components.

Abstract

Ten diverse lines of Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss.] were crossed in diallel mating design excluding reciprocals during winter (rabi) season 2014–15 to study heterosis and combining ability. The mean squares due to genotypes including parents, crosses and parents vs. crosses were significant for all the traits. The analysis of variance revealed significant mean sum of squares of general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for most of the characters at all three environments, except mean sum of squares due to GCA for length of siliqua in E3 environment and mean sum of squares due to SCA for plant height in E1 and for number of secondary branches per plant in E3 environment. In pooled analysis, mean squares due to GCA, SCA, GCA × E and SCA × E were significant for all the eight characters except SCA × E for plant height and GCA × E for protein content. The estimates of GCA effects revealed that parents, viz. Pusa Vijay, PM-30 and Bio-902 were good general combiners for yield contributing traits and the best specific cross combinations for yield and its attributing traits were PM-27 × RGN-229, PM-27 × RGN-73, Pusa Vijay × Laxmi, Pusa Vijay × DRMR-IJ-31 and Pusa Vijay × RGN-73 on the basis of pooled analysis. The crosses Bio-902 × RGN-48, PM-30 × Bio-902 and Bio-902 × RGN-73 exhibited highest and positive significant heterotic effects for seed yield per plant and its important component traits. These F1s may be exploited for obtaining transgressive segregants for development of hybrid varieties in Indian mustard.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • NEELAM SHEKHAWAT, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resporces, Regional Station, Jodhpur (Raj.)

    Scientist, ICAR-NBPGR, RS, Jodhpur

  • HEMLATA SHARMA, RCA, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Raj.)

    Assistant Professor, RCA, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Raj.)

  • K S CHANDRAWAT, RCA, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Raj.)

    Research Associate, RCA, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Raj.)

References

Anonymous. 2016. Economic survey 2017–18. Government of India, Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs Economic Division.

Banurlos G S, Dhillon K S and Banga S S. 2013. Oilseed Brassicas. Biofuel Crops: Production, Physiology and Genetics, pp. 339–68.

Chaurasiya J P, Singh M R K and Singh L. 2018. Hetrosis and combining ability analysis in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss.]. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(2): 604–09.

Griffing B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 463–93.

Jat R S, Singh V V, Sharma P and Rai P K. 2019. Oilseed Brassica in India: demand, supply, policy perspective and future potential. Oilseeds & fats Crops and Lipids Sciences 26(8): 1–8.

Kaur S, Kumar R, Kaur R, Singh I, Singh H and Kumar V. 2019. Heterosis and combining ability analysis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Journal of Oilseed Brassica 10(1): 38–46.

Kumar R, Prasad Y and Kumar K. 2015. Combining ability for some development at traits in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Frontiers in Crop Improvement Journal 3(1): 43–45.

Lal K, Krishna R, Ali H and Kant R. 2012. Combining ability analysis for yield and its components in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss]. Trends in Biosciences 5(3): 225–30.

Nasrin S, Nur F, Nasreen K, Bhuiyan S R, Sarkar S and Islam M M. 2011. Heterosis and combining ability analysis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Bangladesh Research Publication Journal 6(1): 65–71.

Niranjana, M, Akabari, V R, Sasidharan N and Jadeja G C. 2014. Diallel analysis for yield and its contributing characters in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 5(2): 197–202.

Panse, V G and Sukhatme P V. 1967. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, 2nd edn. ICAR. New Delhi.

Patel U J, Patel K V, Patel M P and Patel J A. 2015. Combining ability analysis for yield and yield contributing traits in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 6(2): 439–44.

Singh M, Singh L and Srivastava S B L. 2010. Combining ability analysis in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss]. Journal of Oilseed Brassica 1(1): 23–27.

Tele R B, Patil S R, Lole M D, Khillari A V, Solanke P D and Bansod S C. 2014. Genetic analysis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) through diallel mating. Journal of Oilseed Brassica 5(1): 55–60.

Turi N A, Raziuddin, Farhtullah, Khan N U, Iqbalmunir Shah A H, Khan S, Ghulam H, Jehan B, Sajid K and Mohammad S. 2011. Combining ability for yield related traits in [Brassica juncea. (L.) Czern & Coss.]. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43 (2): 1241–48.

Vaghela, P O, Bhadauria, H S and Thakor D M. 2014. Combining ability for seed yield and quality components in Indian mustard. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development 1(2): 45–47.

Downloads

Submitted

2020-01-02

Published

2022-03-28

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SHEKHAWAT, N., SHARMA, H., & CHANDRAWAT, K. S. (2022). Heterosis and combining ability analysis for yield and its component traits in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(8), 952-956. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.96674
Citation