ANALYSING THE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF BACKYARD GOAT PRODUCTION IN CAUVERY DELTA ZONE OF TAMIL NADU


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Authors

  • R. Senthil M.V.Sc Student, Department of Animal Husbandry Economics, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai – 600 007
  • G. Senthil Kumar Associate Professor, Department of Animal Husbandry Economics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai – 600 007
  • A. Serma Saravana Pandian Associate Professor and Head, Department of Animal Husbandry Economics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal - 637 002
  • Thanga Thamil Vanan Professor and Head, Department of Livestock Production Management, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai – 600 007

Keywords:

Backyard Goat, Management, Housing, Feeding, Breeding, Marketing

Abstract

An attempt was made to document the management practices of the backyard goat production in Cauvery Delta zone of Tamil Nadu. The primary data were collected by interviewing 180 backyard goat farmers selected by multi-stage random sampling using pre-tested interview schedule and analyzed through descriptive statistics. About 46.11 per cent of the respondents kept their animals under open system of housing and floor of the goat shed was mud type in 96.67 per cent of the sampled farmers. All the farmers stored manure in an open place. Majority of goat farmers raise their goats solely on browsing and grazing stubble of field crops, natural pasture and tree leaves. Majority of farmers did not possess their own breeding buck but they use community buck for breeding purpose. Middlemen (57.22 per cent) played a major role in marketing of goat in all categories of flocks, followed by butcher (36.11 per cent). Only one-fifth of flock owners dewormed their flocks yearly twice. None of the sample respondents vaccinated their goat against infectious diseases. Goats were marketed round the year (87.78 per cent) and about 12 per cent marketed their goats on special occasions. The major reasons for marketing was found to be the want of money to overcome financial problem (61.07 mean score) in case of bucks / male kids and culling due to old age (66.00 mean score) in case of breeding does. Majority of the sample backyard goat farmers did not follow scientific  management practices at their farm level, which warrants intensive extension programmes. Implementation of best management practices among backyard goat farmers in Cauvery Delta zone of Tamil Nadu would improve the profitability. 

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04-09-2023

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13-09-2023

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ANALYSING THE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF BACKYARD GOAT PRODUCTION IN CAUVERY DELTA ZONE OF TAMIL NADU. (2023). Indian Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Research, 52(3), 29-42. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJVASR/article/view/141960