CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMMON MEDICINAL HERBS USED FOR INDIAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE


Abstract views: 28 / PDF downloads: 8

Authors

  • R. Kavitha Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007
  • C. Valli Dean, Faculty of Basic Science, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007
  • R. Karunakaran Dean, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007
  • K. Vijayarani Director of Research, TANUVAS, MMC, Chennai – 600 051
  • R. Amutha Professor and Head, Veterinary University Training and Research Centre, 4/221, Panduthakaran Pudur, Manmangalam Post, Karur – 639 006

Keywords:

Proximate composition, Gross energy, Acid insoluble ash, Mineral composition, Fatty acid profile, Indian herbs

Abstract

A total of sixteen commonly available medicinal herbs (different parts) used in Indian traditional medicine were collected. The collected parts were, shade-dried, ground to fine powder and stored in air-tight containers. The samples were analyzed for proximate principles, acid-insoluble ash, gross energy, minerals and fatty acids. Emblica officinalis fruits had significantly (P < 0.05) highest moisture (88.67%), Moringa oleifera leaves had significantly (P < 0.05) highest crude protein (26.99 %), Coriandrum sativum seeds had significantly (P < 0.05) highest crude fibre (32.53%), Syzygium aromaticum buds had significantly (P < 0.05) highest crude fat (18.57 %), Mentha spicata leaves had significantly (P < 0.05) highest total ash (11.53 %), Allium sativum bulbs had significantly (P < 0.05) highest nitrogen-free extracts (90.14 %) and Murraya koenigii leaves had significantly (P< 0.05) highest acid insoluble ash (4.71 %). The gross energy content was significantly (P < 0.05) highest in Coriandrum sativum seeds (4605.33 Kcal/Kg). Azadirachta indica leaves had significantly (P < 0.05) highest calcium (2.99 %), Phyllanthus niruri leaves had significantly highest (P < 0.05) phosphorus (0.53 %), Andrographis paniculata stem and leaves had significantly (P < 0.05) highest copper (41.27 ppm), E. officinalis fruits had significantly (P < 0.05) highest iron (596.78 ppm) and S. aromaticum buds had significantly (P < 0.05) highest manganese (286.96 ppm). C. sativum seeds had significantly (P < 0.05) highest levels of oleic acid (73.76 %), T. foenum seeds had significantly (P < 0.05) highest levels of linoleic acid (36.43 %) and P. niruri leaves had the significantly (P < 0.05) highest levels of linolenic acid (51.78 %) Further studies are needed to quantify other bioactive compounds, to study their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties so that they could be used as alternatives to antibiotics / other drugs for livestock and poultry.

References

Abdel-Tawwab, M., Khattab, Y.A.E., Ahmad, M.H. and Shalaby, A.M.E. (2007). Compensatory growth, feed utilization, whole body composition and haematological changes in starved juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 18: 17 - 36.

AOAC, (2012). Official methods of analysis of association of analytical chemists, 13th Edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington, D.C.

Bayne, S. and Carlin, M. (2010). Forensic applications of high-performance liquid chromatography. CRC Press/ Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton. Bhowmik, S., Chowdhury, S.D., Kabir, M.H. and Ali, M.A. (2008). Chemical composition of some medicinal plant products of indigenous origin. Bangladesh Veterinarian, 25(1): 32 - 39.

Chanda, S., Sarethy, I.P., De, B. and Singh, K. (2013). Paederia foetida—a promising ethno-medicinal tribal plant of northeastern India. Journal of Forestry Research, 24: 801–808.

Fernandez-Martínez, J., Rio, D., Mercedes, C. and Antonio, D.H. (1993). Survey of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) germ plasm for variants in fatty acid composition and other seed characters. Euphytica, 69: 115 - 122.

Goffman, F.D., Pinson, S. and Bergman, C. (2003). Genetic diversity for lipid content and fatty acid profile in rice bran. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 80 (5): 485 - 490.

Halvar, J.E., Smith, R.R., Tolbert, B.M. and Baker, E.M. (1976). Animal Nutrition. New York Academic Science, 258.

Haniyeh K., Seyyednejad S.M. and Motamedi, H. (2010). Preliminary study on the antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants of Khuzestan (Iran) Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 3(3): 180–184.

Hossain, M.D., Paul, B.K., Roy, S.K., Saha, G.C., Begum, F. and Huq, D. (2015). Studies on fatty acids composition and some valuable nutrients of Piper nigrum Linn. (Gol Moriche). Dhaka University Journal of Science, 62: 65 - 66.

Johnson, P.B., Abdurahman, E.M. and Tiam, E.A. (1999). Euphorbia hirta leaf extracts increase urine output and electrolytes in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 65: 63 - 69.

Kaushik, N. and Vir, S. (2000). Variations in fatty acid composition of neem seeds collected from the Rajasthan state of India. Biochemical Society Transaction, 28(6): 880 - 882.

Lokhande, R. S., Singare, P.U., Andhele, M. L., Acharya, R., Nair, A. G. C. and Reddy, A. V. R. (2009). Study of some Ayurvedic Indian medicinal plants for the essential trace elemental contents by instrumental neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectroscopy techniques. Radiochimica Acta, 97(6): 325 - 331.

Mainasara, M.M., Abu Bakar, M.F., Waziri, A.H. and Musa, A.R. (2018). Comparison of phytochemical, proximate and mineral composition of fresh and dried peppermint (Mentha piperita) leaves. Journal of Science and Technology, 10(2): 85 - 91.

Mourtzinis, S., Marburger, D., Gaska, J., Diallo, T., Lauer, J. and Conley, S. (2017). Corn and soybean yield response to tillage, rotation, and nematicide seed treatment. Crop Science, 57: 1 - 9.

Oduro, N.I., William, O.E. and Owusu, D. (2008). Nutritional potential of two leafy vegetables: Moringa oleifera and Ipomoea batatas leaves. Scientific Research and Essays, 3(2): 57-60.

Prasathkumar, M., Anisha, S., Dhrisya, C., Becky, R. and Sadhasivam, S. (2021). Therapeutic and pharmacological efficacy of selective Indian medicinal plants – a review. Phytomedicine Plus, 1(2): p.100029.

Priya, M.D. and Khatkar, B.S. (2013). Effect of processing methods on keeping quality of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) preserve. International Food Research Journal, 20(2): 617-622.

Rajalekshmy V.S. and Manimekalai, V. (2019). Comparision of phytochemicals in the flower buds, pedicels and leaves of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merril and Perry. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research11(1): 4 - 7.

Rajurkar, N.S. and Pardeshi, B.M. (1997). Analysis of some herbal plants from India used in the control of diabetes mellitus by NAA and AAS techniques. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 48(8): 1059 - 1062.

Rebetzke, G.J., Burton, J.W., Carter, T.E. and Wilson, R.F. (1998). Genetic variation for modifiers controlling reduced saturated fatty acid content in soybean. Crop Science, 38: 303 - 308.

Saini, C.S. and Reddy, G.B.S. (2013). Assessment of quality of curry leaves (Murraya koenigii). International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention, 2(1): 13 - 17.

Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1980). Statistical methods. IOWA. Iowa State University Press, USA.

Tiwari, P., Jain, R., Kumar, K., Panik, R. and Sahu, P.K. (2011). An evaluation of antimicrobial activity of root extract of Calandula officinalis (Linn). Pharmacology online, 2: 886 - 892.

Uitterhaegen, E., Sampaio, K.A., Elisabeth, I., Delbeke, P., Greyt, W.D., Cerny, M., Evon, P., Merah, O., Talou, T. and Stevens, C.V. (2016). Characterization of french coriander oil as source of petroselinic acid. Molecules, 21: 2 - 13.

Yan, P., Xu, L. and He, N. (2018). Variation in the calorific values of different plants organs in China. Plos One, 13(6): 1- 14.

Yang, K.Y. and Hyo-sun, S. (1982). Lipids and fatty acid composition of Allivum sativum Linnaeus. Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, 14(4): 388 - 393.

Downloads

Submitted

05-09-2023

Published

13-09-2023

Issue

Section

Full Length Articles

How to Cite

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMMON MEDICINAL HERBS USED FOR INDIAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE . (2023). Indian Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Research, 52(3), 50-61. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJVASR/article/view/141993