EFFECT OF NON-GENETIC FACTORS ON SEMEN PRODUCTION TRAITS IN SALEM BLACK BUCKS


Abstract views: 17 / PDF downloads: 10

Authors

  • B. Jaya Madhuri Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007
  • K. Thilak Pon Jawahar Professor and Head, Livestock Farm Complex, TANUVAS, MMC, Chennai – 51
  • S.M.K. Karthickeyan Professor, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, MVC, TANUVAS, Chennai - 7
  • K. Vijayarani Director of Research, TANUVAS, MMC, Chennai - 51
  • V. Leela Professor and Head, Department of Veterinary Physiology, MVC, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007
  • A. Gopinathan Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007

Keywords:

Season, Order of the ejaculate, Semen production traits

Abstract

Selection of breeding bucks is one of the crucial decisions in both organised and field populations for genetic improvement. Using high genetic merit bucks in the breeding programme could improve the overall production of the stock, thereby augmenting the economic sustainability of the rural goat keepers with zero input system of management. Therefore, understanding the effect of non-genetic factors with respect to semen characteristics is of paramount importance among the breeding bucks within a breed for effective breeding management. In this study, a total of 164 ejaculates from six adult Salem Black bucks were analysed to determine the effect of season and order of the ejaculate on conventional semen attributes using linear mixed models with lme4 package in R software. The estimated marginal means for semen volume (ml), sperm concentration (million per ml), mass activity (0 to 5 scale), initial and pre-freeze sperm motility (per cent) were 0.69 ± 0.05, 3253.00 ± 167.00, 4.70 ± 0.09, 81.80 ± 0.002 and 79.43 ± 0.003 respectively. Season had a significant effect (p < 0.5) on all the traits under study except for post-thaw motility, whereas, the order of ejaculation did not influence the traits except mass activity. 

References

Ahmad, M., Nasrullah, R., Riaz, H., Sattar. A. and Ahmad, N. (2014). Changes in motility, morphology, plasma membrane and acrosome integrity during stages of cryopreservation of buck sperm. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 85(1): 1- 4.

Anand, M. and Yadav, S. (2016). Assessment of motion and kinematic characteristics of frozen-thawed Sirohi goat semen using computer-assisted semen analysis. Veterinary World, 9(2): 203.

Anand, M., Yadav, S. and Kumar, J. (2016). Kinematic response of Barbari and Sirohi Buck spermatozoa to high egg yolk concentration in semen extender. Journal of Animal Research, 6(3): 493- 497.

Arangasamy, A., Krishnaiah, M.V., Manohar, N., Selvaraju. S., Guvvala, P.R., Soren, N.M, Reddy, I.J., Roy, K.S and Ravindra J.P. (2018). Advancement of puberty and enhancement of seminal characteristics by supplementation of trace minerals to bucks. Theriogenology, 110: 182 -1 91.

Bastola, R., Kolachhapati, M. R., Gorkhali, N. A., Poudel, R., Sharma, S. and Sapkota, S. (2018). Effect of non-genetic factors on different genetic group of buck’s semen quality and quantity at National Livestock Breeding Center, Nepal. Nepalese Veterinary Journal, 35: 23 - 40.

Bates, D., Mächler, M., Bolker, B. and Walker, S. (2015). Fitting linear mixed - effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67(1): 1- 48

Bopape, M.A, Lehloneya, K.C, Choke, T.C. and Nedambale, T.L. (2015). Comparison of electro ejaculator and artificial vagina on semen collection from South African indigenous goat following assessment by computer aided sperm analysis. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 5(2): 210.

Deori, S., Deka, B.C., Biswas, R.K., Nahardeka, N., Arangasamy, A., Bhuyan, D., Kalita, D. J., Borah, R.S. and Arundhati Phookan. (2018). Characteristics and freezability of Assam Hill goat semen. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 52(1): 25 - 28.

Elsheikh, A.S. and Elhammali, N.S. (2015). Semen quality of mature crossbred male goats during different seasons. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 8(9): 1 - 5.

Gopinathan, A., Selvan, A.S., Jawhar, K. and Karthickeyan, S.M.K. (2021). Influence of non-genetic factors on semen characteristics of Malabari bucks. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants (The), 27(1): 56 - 59.

Islam, M.R., Talukder, M.K.U., Rahman, M.S. and Husain, S.S. (2019). Evaluation of sperm motility and velocity of different genetic groups of bucks using Computer-Assisted Sperm Analyzer. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 48(2): 67 - 74.

Karunakaran, M., Mandal, A., Mondal, M., Bhakat, C. and Garai, S. (2015). Semen preservation and artificial insemination in Bengal Goat at field level. Research and Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 4(2): 25 - 28.

Khadse, J.R., Potdar, V.V., Sontakke, S.H., Kadam, H.D., Joshi, S.A., Swaminatha, M. and Pande, A.B. (2019). Evaluation and freezing of Sirohi goat semen. International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience, 7(3): 419 - 422.

Kharche, S.D., Jindal, S.K., Priyadharsini, R., Satish Kumar, Goel, A.K., Ramachandran, N. and Rout, P.K. (2013). Fertility following frozen semen artificial insemination in Jamunapari goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 83: 1071 - 1073.

Livestock Census, (2019). 20th Livestock Census-All India report. Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandary and Dairying, Department of Animal Husbandary and Dairying, Animal Husbandary statistics division, Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi. https://www.dahd.nic.in.

Mendoza, G., White, I.G. and Chow, P. (1989). Studies of chemical components of Angora goat seminal plasma. Theriogenology, 32: 455 - 466.

Memon, M.A., Bretzlaff, K. N and ott. R.S. (1986). Comparison of semen collection techniques in goats. Theriogenology, 26: 823 - 827.

Parmar, V.R., Suthar, B.N., Nakhashi, H.C., Parikh, S.S. and Chauha, P. M. (2011). Study on physical characteristics of Mehsana buck semen. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 45(3): 207 – 210.

Patni, M., Singh, S.K., Singh, D.V., Palod, J., Kumar, A., Singh, M.K. and Sathapathy, S. (2016). Libido and physico-morphological characteristics of semen in Pantja bucks. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants (The), 22(2): 237 - 239.

Ritar, A.J., Mendoza, G., Salmon, S. and White I.G. (1992). Frequent semen collection and sperm reserves of the male Angora goat (Capra hircus). Reproduction, 95(1): 97 - 102.

Sharma, A and Sood, P. (2019). Cryopreservation and fertility of frozen thawed Chegu goat semen. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 53(11): 1414 - 1419.

Sultana, F., Hussain, S.S., Khatun, A., Apu, A.S and Khandoker, M.A.M.Y. (2013). Study on buck evaluation based on semen quality and fertility. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Sciences, 42(2): 101 - 108.

Thakur, Y.P., Singh, M. and Jasial, S. (2005). Semen production and freezability attributes of Chegu Pashmina bucks. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 75(10): 1165 - 1167

Thiruvenkadan, A.K. and Karunanithi, K. (2006). Characterisation of Salem Black goats in their home tract. Animal Genetic Resources/ Resources genetiques animals / Recursos geneticos animals, 38: 67 - 75.

Downloads

Submitted

13-12-2023

Published

19-12-2023

Issue

Section

Full Length Articles

How to Cite

EFFECT OF NON-GENETIC FACTORS ON SEMEN PRODUCTION TRAITS IN SALEM BLACK BUCKS. (2023). Indian Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Research, 52(5), 56-67. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJVASR/article/view/146385