Widening the Horizon of Asian Mariculture with IMTA

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  • PEDRO B. BUENO Retired (former Director General, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific)



Bio-mitigation, Ecosystems management, Integrated multi-trophic, Multi-species


Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) expands the benefits from farming the coastal and marine waters. The benefits, achieved and enhanced by synergy among the farmed species, are environmentally sustainable, economically stable and socially acceptable. To broadly illustrate, environmental sustainability is achieved through the bio-mitigation effect of the extractive species in the mix, economic stability through product diversification and the reduction of production and market risks from such diversification, and social acceptability through environmentally and socially responsible practices. A likely outcome is better market access and price of the products enabled by the favorable attitude of consumers towards the practices of IMTA and their willingness to pay a premium price for its products. The specific benefits are described in greater detail in the review of several IMTA systems in marine and coastal environments that have been tried in a number of Asian countries, namely, China, India, Indonesia, The Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The challenges to their adoption are identified and policies suggested to facilitate their diffusion and adoption.

Author Biography

  • PEDRO B. BUENO, Retired (former Director General, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific)

    Former Director General 2001-6

    Network of Aquacuture Centres in Asia-Pacific


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How to Cite

BUENO, P. B. (2021). Widening the Horizon of Asian Mariculture with IMTA. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 39(2), 239-248. https://doi.org/10.54894/JISCAR.39.2.2021.110550