Feasibility Study of Green Mussel Perna viridis Farming in the Southeast Coast of the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh


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Authors

  • N. F. HOQUE Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • A. SHAKIL Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • F. SULTANA Department of Marine Bioresource Science, Faculty of Fisheries, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chattogram - 4225, Bangladesh
  • M. A. WAHAB WorldFish Bangladesh, House 42/A, Road 114, Gulshan 2, Dhaka - 1212, Bangladesh
  • M. J. RAHMAN WorldFish Bangladesh, House 42/A, Road 114, Gulshan 2, Dhaka - 1212, Bangladesh
  • M. NAHIDUZZAMAN WorldFish Bangladesh, House 42/A, Road 114, Gulshan 2, Dhaka - 1212, Bangladesh
  • S. AKTER Department of Marine Bioresource Science, Faculty of Fisheries, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chattogram - 4225, Bangladesh
  • M. ASADUZZAMAN Feasibility Study of Green Mussel Perna viridis Farming in the Southeast Coast of the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh

https://doi.org/10.54894/JISCAR.39.2.2021.111862

Keywords:

Environmental parameters, Food availability, Green mussel, Perna viridis, Plankton composition, Site capability rating system, Site suitability

Abstract

Green mussel farming in coastal waters is on the edge of aquaculture trends for its worldwide acceptability as a supreme delicacy and an inexpensive protein source. The coastal water of Bangladesh has one of the world's richest ecosystems with high productivity of fisheries due to the geographical location in the tropical climate zone, high rainfall and enrichment of water nutrients through the surface of the wide Gangetic river systems. This study aims to assess the feasibility of green mussel (Perna viridis) culture in the southeast coast of the Bay of Bengal, emphasizing coastal landlocked channels and estuary. Site capability rating system was applied based on the biophysical parameters and natural food requirements for the fast and effective evaluation of potential sites of green mussel farming. The year-round monthly variations of environmental parameters and plankton composition were recorded from seven potential sites Moheshkhali Channel, Rezu Khal and Naf River. Based on the biophysical parameters, Rezu Khal area is ranked as unsuitable/less suitable for green mussel culture mainly due to shallow water depth, high turbidity, lower food availability and higher temporal salinity fluctuation caused by the freshwater run-off during the monsoon season. However, Moheshkhali Channel and Naf River are medium to good sites based on suitability rating points, indicating that these sites are most suitable for commercial green mussel farming. Moreover, high chlorophyll-a± and plankton abundance in these sites ensure that natural food availability is adequate to sustain green mussel farming. The present study findings would be applicable for the planning and development of a sustainable green mussel farming system in Bangladesh and elsewhere.

Author Biographies

  • N. F. HOQUE, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

    Department of Marine Bioresource Science 

    Assistant Professor

  • A. SHAKIL, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

    Department of Marine Bioresource Science

    Assistant Professor

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2021-04-12

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2021-12-28

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HOQUE, N. F., SHAKIL, A., SULTANA, F., WAHAB, M. A., RAHMAN, M. J., NAHIDUZZAMAN, M., AKTER, S., & ASADUZZAMAN, M. (2021). Feasibility Study of Green Mussel Perna viridis Farming in the Southeast Coast of the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 39(2), 195-205. https://doi.org/10.54894/JISCAR.39.2.2021.111862
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