Productive and Profitable Rice-based Cropping Systems for Coastal Plains of Kerala
Abstract views: 113 / PDF downloads: 76
The production potential and economics of rice-based cropping sequences for coastal plains of Kerala were investigated as part of the ongoing All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Integrated Farming Systems (ICAR) being implemented in the Integrated Farming System Research Station (IFSRS) of Kerala Agricultural University located at Karamana, Thiruvananthapuram, during Kharif, Rabi and summer seasons of 2019-2020. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with eleven treatments i.e., CS1 : rice - fallow - fallow, CS2 : rice - rice - fallow, CS3 : rice - dhaincha - cowpea, CS4 : (rice + dhaincha) - rice - green gram, CS5 : rice - cassava - amaranthus, CS6 : rice - cassava - cowpea, CS7 : rice - para grass - fodder cowpea, CS8 : rice - fodder cowpea - fodder maize, CS9 : rice - okra - culinary melon, CS10 : rice - okra - yard long bean and CS11 : rice - rice - amaranthus, all replicated thrice. Among the cropping sequences, the productivity in terms of rice equivalent yield (28.93 t ha-1) and system productivity (0.079 t ha-1 day-1) was highest for CS10 : rice - okra - yard long bean. The maximum gross returns (`Rs. 901865 ha-1) and net returns (`Rs. 545705 ha-1) were also found to be highest for CS10 : rice - okra - yard long bean. However, B: C ratio was highest for CS9 : rice - okra - culinary melon (2.64) followed by CS10 : rice - okra - yard long bean (2.53).
Adeniyan O.N., Ayoola O.T., and Ogunleti D.O. (2011). Evaluation of cowpea cultivars under maize and maize - cassava based intercropping system. African Journal of Plant Science 5(10): 570-4.
Aschi, A., Aubert, M., Riah-Anglet, W., Nelieu, S., Dubois, C., Akpa-Vinceslas, M. and Trinsoutrot-Gattin, I. (2017). Introduction of faba bean in crop rotation: impacts on soil chemical and biological characteristics. Applied Soil Ecology 120: 219-28.
Cochran, W. G. and Cox, G. M. (1965). Experimental Design. Second edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York. 225 p.
FIB [Farm Information Bureau]. (2021). Farm Guide 2021. Farm Information Bureau, Thiruvananthapuram. 456 p.
Gangwar, B., Katyal, V. and Anand, K. V. (2006). Stability and efficiency of different cropping systems in western Himalayan region. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 76: 135-39.
GOI [Government of India]. (2016). State of Indian Agriculture 2015-16. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, New Delhi. 280p.
Huthily, K. H., Al-Shoaily, A. K. N. and Alfaris, M. A. A. (2020). Response of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) to different depths of tillage and spraying with yeast extract. Research on Crops 21: 59-64.
Jat, R. A., Dungrani, R. A., Arvadia, M. K., and Sahrawat, K. L. (2012). Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa L.) - based cropping systems for higher productivity, resource-use efficiency and economic returns in south Gujarat, India. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 58(6): 561-572.
John, J., Rajasekharan, P., Rajasree, G., and Bindu, P. (2014). Cropping Systems in Kerala. State Planning Board, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. 46 p.
John, J., Rani, B., Varughese, K. and Babu Mathew, P. (2013). Performance of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz.), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) and Chinese potato (Plectranthus rotundifolius (Poir) JK Morton) in rice based cropping systems of Southern Kerala. Journal of Root Crops 39(2): 3-7.
Kamble, M. V., Mahadkar, U. V. and Jagtap, D. N. (2017). Assessment of effect of zero tilled cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) grown with various inputs on growth, yield and economics. Farming and Management 2: 101-07.
KAU (Kerala Agricultural University) (2016). Package of Practices Recommendations: Crops, Fifteenth Edition, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 393 p.
Lal, B., Gautam, P., Panda, B. B., Raja, R., Singh, T., Tripathi, R., Shahid, M. and Nayak. A. K. (2017). Crop and varietal diversification of rainfed rice based cropping systems for higher productivity and profitability in Eastern India. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0175709.
Mishra, M. M., Mohanty, M., Gulati, J. M. L. and Nanda, S. S. (2013). Evaluation of various rice (Oryza sativa) based crop sequences for enhanced productivity, profitability and energy efficiency in eastern plateau and hills zone of India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 83: 1279-84.
Naskar, S. K. and Ravi, V. (2011). Tropical Root and Tuber Crops for Food Security under Changing Climate Conditions in India, Proceedings National Seminar on Climate Change and Food Security: Challenges and Opportunities for Tuber Crops (NSCFT 2011), Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, January 20-22, 2011, Trivandrum. pp35-40.
Prajapati, B. J., Gudadhe, N., Gamit, V. R. and Chhaganiya, H. J. (2017). Effect of integrated phosphorus management on growth, yield attributes and yield of chickpea. Farming and Management 2: 36-40.
Prasad, D., Urkurkar, J. S., Bhoi, S. K. and Nag, N. (2011). Production potential and economic analysis of different rice-based cropping systems in Chhattisgarh Plains. Research on Crops 15(3): 539-542.
Prasad, D., Yadav, M. S., and Singh, C. S. (2013). Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa) based cropping systems for higher productivity, profitability and resource use efficiency under irrigated ecosystem of Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Agronomy 58(3): 264-270.
Ray, K., Sen, P., Goswami, R., Sarkar, S., Brahmachari, K. and Ghosh, A. (2020). Profitability, energetics and GHGs emission estimation from rice-based cropping systems in the coastal saline zone of West Bengal, India. PLoS ONE 15:(5)e0233303.
Roy, D. K., Kumar, R., and Kumar, A. (2011). Production potentiality and sustainability of rice-based cropping sequences in flood prone lowlands of North Bihar. Oryza 48: (1) 47-51.
Saha, R. R., Rahman, M. H., Rahman, Mainuddin, M. Bell, R.W., Gaydon, D. S. (2019). Cropping system intensification under rice based system for increasing crop productivity in salt-affected coastal zones of Bangladesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research 37(2):72-81.
Suja, G. and Sreekumar, J. (2015). Crop diversification with short-duration cassava (Manihot esculenta) in the humid tropics for agronomic and economic benefits. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 85(12): 1619-1625.
Suja, G., Susan John, K., Sreekumar, J. and Srinivas, T. (2010). Short duration cassava genotypes for crop diversification in the humid tropics: growth dynamics, biomass, yield and quality. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 90: 188-198.
Walia, S. S., Singh, S., Gill, R. S., Aulakh, C.S. and Kaur, N. (2014). Production potential and economic analysis of different rice-based cropping systems in north-west India. Research on Crops 15 (3): 539-542.
How to Cite
The copyright of the articles published in the Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research lies with the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research (ISCAR), who has the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in these journals. ISCAR supports open access and there is no restriction in the use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is duly cited.