Geophysical Techniques for Aquifer Characteristic Studies - A Case Study of Tavanur Grama Panchayat, Malappuram, Kerala


Abstract views: 85 / PDF downloads: 71

Authors

  • S SAJEENA Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Malappuram - 679 573, Kerala, India
  • M R NAMITHA Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Malappuram - 679 573, Kerala, India
  • APARNA Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Malappuram - 679 573, Kerala, India
  • S HARIPRIYA Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Malappuram - 679 573, Kerala, India
  • MANCHIMA S LAL Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Malappuram - 679 573, Kerala, India
  • P P MEGHA Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Tavanur, Malappuram - 679 573, Kerala, India

https://doi.org/10.54894/JISCAR.41.2.2023.142669

Keywords:

Aquifer, Electrical resistivity survey, IPI2WIN software, Vertical electrical sounding

Abstract

A study on the aquifer characteristics of Tavanur Grama Panchayat, Malappuram, Kerala was conducted across 23 VES locations by vertical electrical sounding technique. The study aimed to analyse the hydro-geological characteristics of the geological formations of Tavanur Panchayat using an electrical resistivity meter. The data obtained from the vertical electrical sounding was interpreted using IPI2WIN software and sounding curves were generated which depict how the apparent resistivity changes with the distance between electrodes or with depth. From the sounding curves obtained from IPI2WIN software, it was found that among 23 locations, seventeen locations showed three layered substrata and four locations showed four layered substrata. A total of 7 types of sounding curves were obtained viz H, K, A, Q, HA, HK and QH. Out of the 23 locations, 8 locations showed the H type and 3 locations showed A type sounding curves. The resistivity and pseudo cross sections of 6 sections including 3 to 7 VES locations were also prepared and analysed. From this study, it could be concluded that the majority of the study area has lateritic soil to hard laterite with medium to high groundwater potential and the areas were found suitable for the construction of open wells.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brijesh, V.K. and Balasubramanian, A. (2014). Hydrogeological Studies and Groundwater Modelling - Bharathapuzha Basin, Kerala, India, Scholar's Press, Germany. pp 129-154.

De Clercq, T., Jardani, A., Fischer, P., Thanberger, L., Vu T.M., Pitaval, D., Côme, J.M., and Begassat, P. (2020). The use of electrical resistivity tomograms as a parameterization for the hydraulic characterization of a contaminated aquifer. Journal of Hydrology 587: 124986. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.124986.

El-Qady, G. and Ushijima, K. (2001). Inversion of DC resistivity data using neural networks. Geophysics Prospectus 49: 417-430.

Greggio, N., Giambastiani, B.M.S., Balugani, E., Amaini, C. and Antonellini, M. (2018). High-resolution electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) to characterize the spatial extension of freshwater lenses in a salinized coastal aquifer. Water 10(8): 1067. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081067.

Hamzah, U., Samsudin, A.R. and Malim, E.P. (2007). Groundwater investigation in Kuala Selangor using vertical electrical sounding (VES) surveys. Environmental Geology 51: 1349-1359. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-006-0433-8.

IPI2Win-1D Program. (2000). Programs Set for 1-D VES Data Interpretation, Dept. of Geophysics, Geological Faculty, Moscow University, Moscow, Russia.

Loke, M.H., Dahlin, T. and Rucker, D.F. (2014). Recent developments of the direct-current geoelectrical imaging method. Geophysics 95: 135-156.

Nagaraj, P., Mandalagiri Subbarayappa, M.K., Jean-Michel, V. and Hoareau, J. (2021). Estimation of anisotropic hydraulic conductivity using geophysical data in a coastal aquifer of Karnataka, India. Hydrological Processes 35: e14395. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.14395.

Niculescu, B.M. and Andrei, G. (2021). Application of electrical resistivity tomography for imaging seawater intrusion in a coastal aquifer. Acta Geophysica 69(2): 613-630. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-020-00529-7.

Sainato, C., Galindo, G., Pomposiello, C., Malleville, H., de Abelleyra, D. and Lossino, B. (2003). Electrical conductivity and depth of groundwater at the Pergamino zone (Buenos Aires Province, Argentina) through vertical electrical sounding and geostatistical analysis. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 161: 177-186.

Sajeena, S., Kurien, E.K. and Brijesh, V.K. (2017). Identification of groundwater potential zones using geophysical technique in Kadalundi river basin, Malappuram, Kerala. 50th Indian Geotechnical Conference on Geotechnics for Infrastructure and Foundation Techniques, Indian Geotechnical Society, December 17-19, 2015, College of Engineering, Pune, India. pp 220-232. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316215516.

Shishaye, H.A. and Abdi, S. (2016). Groundwater exploration for water well site locations using Geophysical survey methods. Hydrology Current Research 7: 226 https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7587.1000226.

Sudhakar, A., Ramakrishna, C. and Saxena, P.R. (2018). Electrical resistivity survey for groundwater investigations and evaluation of the granite-basalt formation around Narayankher, Medak District, Telangana State, India. International Journal of Trend in Research and Development 5(2): 10-15.

Venkateswaran., S., Prabhu, M. and Karuppannan, S. (2014). Delineation of groundwater potential zones using geophysical and GIS techniques in the Sarabanga Sub Basin, Cauvery River, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review 2(1): 58-75.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-09-20

Published

2024-01-09

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SAJEENA , S., NAMITHA, M. R., APARNA, HARIPRIYA, S., LAL, M. S., & MEGHA, P. P. (2024). Geophysical Techniques for Aquifer Characteristic Studies - A Case Study of Tavanur Grama Panchayat, Malappuram, Kerala. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 41(2), 78-93. https://doi.org/10.54894/JISCAR.41.2.2023.142669
Citation