EFFECT OF CROP ROTATIONS, WEED CONTROL METHODS AND TYPE OF SOWING/PLANTING BED ON PRODUCTION, ECONOMICS AND NUTRIENT REMOVAL IN POTATO BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS

Authors

  • Shiv Pratap Singh ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior-474020 MP
  • Sanjay Kumar Sharma ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior.
  • Murlidhar J Sadawarti ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior.
  • Vijay Kumar Dua ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute Shimla 171001 HP.
  • Sanjay Rawal ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Meerut UP.
  • Manoj Kumar ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute Shimla 171001 HP.

Keywords:

cropping system, nutrient uptake, weed control, type of planting bed

Abstract

World has an oversupply of mouths to feed and an under supply of arable land and useable irrigation
water. Balancing productivity, profitability, and environmental health is a key challenge for agricultural sustainability. A
field experiment was conducted during 2014-15 and 2015-16 at the experimental site to identify suitable cropping system,
appropriate weed management practice and type of planting method. Results indicated that higher grain yield was recorded
with pearl millet (2520 kg/ha) compared to soybean (960 kg/ha). Significantly higher yield was recorded with normal type
bed (1873 kg/ha) compared to raised bed (1622 kg/ha). Highest grain yield (2039 kg/ha) was recorded with herbicide +
hoeing treatment, which was significantly higher than herbicide and weedy check treatments. Lowest grain yield (1453 kg/
ha) was recorded with weedy control. Interaction of pearl millet √ herbicide + hoeing recorded significantly higher grain
yield. Cropping system and type of bed did not show any significant effect on yield of small, medium, large and total
tuber yields. Highest small (3.3 t/ha), large size (15.4 t/ha) and total tuber yields (27.4 t/ha) were recorded with weedy check
control. Soybean based cropping system √ raised bed type of planting recorded highest small size tubers (3.4 t/ha). Soybean
based cropping system √ ridge-furrow planting method recorded highest large size tubers (15.2 t/ha). Potato equivalent
yield was 32.4 t/ha under soybean-potato system though it was statistically similar to pearl millet – potato sequence. Net
return was Rs. 127.9 thousand/ha in pearl millet - potato cropping system compared to Rs. 82.6 thousand/ha in soybean
- potato cropping system although both were statistically same. Similar trend was recorded with B:C ratio which was 2.1
in weedy check compared to 1.9 in herbicide + hoeing. Values were statistically same due to cropping system, type of
planting/sowing and weed control methods. N, P and K uptakes were statistically same in both the cropping systems.
Highest N uptake (246.6 kg/ha/year) was recorded with raised bed planting system compared to normal bed. Similarly weedy
check control recorded highest uptake (253.5 kg N/ha) among weed management practices and raised bed √ weedy check
control interaction recorded highest value (278.6 kg N/ha). Highest P uptake (47.6 kg/ha/year) was recorded with normal
bed planting, weedy check control (43.6 kg P/ha) and interaction of pearl millet – potato cropping system √ normal type
of bed (58.3 kg P/ha/year) and pearl millet – potato cropping system √ herbicide weed control method (50.0). Uptake of K
was neither affected by cropping systems nor by type of bed systems. Highest K uptake (203.8 kg/ha) was recorded with
weedy check control. Hence, it is concluded that pearl millet – potato cropping system, escaping weed control under least
weed pressure situation during rabi season and herbicide weed control and normal planting methods may be followed.
Integrated weed control was not suitable for potato but suitable for kharif crops. Cropping systems did not show any
significant effect on soil OC. Highest OC (0.33%) was recorded with herbicide applied treatment which was significantly
higher than herbicide + hoeing but at par with weedy check.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Shiv Pratap Singh, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior-474020 MP

ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior

Principal Scientist (Agronomy)

Senior most

Sanjay Kumar Sharma, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior.

ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior.

 

Senior Technical Officer

Murlidhar J Sadawarti, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior.

ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Gwalior.

Scientist Sr Scale

Vijay Kumar Dua, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute Shimla 171001 HP.

Principal Scientist and Crop Production

ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute Shimla 171001 HP.

Sanjay Rawal, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Meerut UP.

Principal Scientist (Agronomy)

ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute - Regional Station, Meerut UP.

Manoj Kumar, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute Shimla 171001 HP.

Principal Scientist (Soil Science) and Director

ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute Shimla 171001 HP.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-21

How to Cite

Singh, S. P., Sharma, S. K., Sadawarti, M. J., Dua, V. K., Rawal, S., & Kumar, M. (2021). EFFECT OF CROP ROTATIONS, WEED CONTROL METHODS AND TYPE OF SOWING/PLANTING BED ON PRODUCTION, ECONOMICS AND NUTRIENT REMOVAL IN POTATO BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS. Potato Journal, 47(2). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/PotatoJ/article/view/104913