UTILIZATION OF POTATO WASTE FOR PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL: A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY

Authors

  • Dharmendra Kumar ICAR-CPRI Shimla

Keywords:

Potato, bioethanol, fermentation, saccharification, microorganisms

Abstract

This study was conducted on the exploration of the potential use of potato as feedstock for bioethanol
production, through saccharification and fermentation. The saccharification was performed via thermal and enzymatic
hydrolysis through the use of commercial enzymes such as cellulase, α-amylase, β-amylase and glucoamylosidase. The
potato mash was mixed with 100 mL distilled water. The mixture was treated with different enzyme concentrations 10
U, 15 U and 20 U. The mixture was incubated at the temperature of 75 °C and pH 5.0. The saccharification process was
completed with 10 U of amyloglucosidase at 60 °C, pH 4.5 for 72 h. Samples were withdrawn at different time intervals and
the ethanol and consumed sugar assays were carried out by YSI Analyser. The use of commercial α-amylase led to higher
reducing sugars release (69.21 ± 0.34 ± 0.32 g/100 g ) and in the combination of enzymes found the maximum efficiency
of saccharification i.e. 81.40 ± 0.56 g/100 g. The results showed that the enzymatic treatment led to higher saccharification
efficiency (81.40%) equivalent to 96% of the maximum theoretical. The fermentation process by using various strains of
Yeast at different time intervals. The maximum ethanol yield was obtained by Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 178 after
72 h was 84.19 g/L.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Dharmendra Kumar, ICAR-CPRI Shimla

Scientist (Agril. Microbiology) 

Div of CPB& PHT

ICAR-CPRI,Shimla

Downloads

Published

2022-01-29

How to Cite

Kumar, D. (2022). UTILIZATION OF POTATO WASTE FOR PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL: A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY. Potato Journal, 48(2). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/PotatoJ/article/view/119382

Issue

Section

Articles