OPTIMIZING POTATO PRODUCTIVITY IN FOOD GRAIN-BASED ORGANIC FARMING SYSTEM UNDER SPRINKLER IRRIGATION

Authors

  • Sanay Rawal ICAR - CENTRAL POTATO RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHIMLA
  • Pooja Mankar
  • Satish Kumar Luthra
  • Mehi Lal
  • Manoj Kumar
  • Vijay Kumar Dua
  • Narendra Kumar Pandey

Keywords:

Potato, Organic Farming, Maize, Green gram, Groundnut

Abstract

Field trials were carried during 2013-16 in randomized block design for groundnut-potato-maize+greengram
system consisting seven organic input treatment combinations. For crop raising, regional recommendations were adopted,
and their nutritional requirement in various organic treatments was calculated as per their recommended inorganic doses.
Cultural weed control was followed, and disease-pest management was done through permitted organic means. Observations
of growth, yield attributes and yield were recorded for all component crops of the system. Process grade tuber yield improved
from 10.5 t/ha to 18.5 t/ha, while total tuber yield increased from 59.9% to 88.3% from first to third year. Tuber weight
loss (18.8%) reduced drastically in organic system (IA) over inorganic nutrition (24.5%) at 90 days under ambient storage
conditions. System productivity of organic system (IA) improved to 91.3% of inorganic nutrition in third year. Organic
system (IA) observed lower net returns in first year, while improvement was observed in third year as this gap reduced
to 16.7%. This study suggests that sustainable potato yields can be harnessed in food grain-based cropping systems by
including leguminous crops and integrating different organic nutrient sources.

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Author Biography

Sanay Rawal, ICAR - CENTRAL POTATO RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHIMLA

Pr. SCIETIST, CROP PRODUCTION

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Published

2022-01-29

How to Cite

Rawal, S., Mankar, P., Luthra, S. K., Lal, M., Kumar, M., Dua, V. K., & Pandey, N. K. (2022). OPTIMIZING POTATO PRODUCTIVITY IN FOOD GRAIN-BASED ORGANIC FARMING SYSTEM UNDER SPRINKLER IRRIGATION. Potato Journal, 48(2). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/PotatoJ/article/view/119496

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