Variation in yield and essential oil composition of Mentha spicata cultivars


Abstract views: 304 / PDF downloads: 55

Authors

  • DIPENDER KUMAR CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Research Centre, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 262 402, India
  • AMIT KR TIWARI CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Research Centre, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 262 402, India
  • PRIYANKA SURYAVANSHI CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Research Centre, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 262 402, India
  • PRAWAL PRATAP S VERMA CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Research Centre, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 262 402, India
  • R C PADALIA CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Research Centre, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 262 402, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i2.122230

Keywords:

Carvone, Cultivars, Essential oil yield, Limonene, Mentha spicata

Abstract

Mentha spicata L. is cultivated for its essential oil which has various industrial uses. There are several species of Mentha genus but M. spicata is the only one which is rich in carvone. The present study was carried out at Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), Research Centre, Pantnagar in 2020 to evaluate the yield potential and essential oil quality of five spearmint cultivars grown in sub-tropical condition of Uttarakhand, so that farmers could select, choose and cultivate the right cultivar to get maximum benefits. CIM-Mohak and MSS-5 showed significant higher yield (herb yield, essential oil yield) i.e. 124.10 and 116.20 q/ha and 68.88 and 70.58 kg/ ha, respectively. The analysis of essential oils from five spearmint cultivars revealed that limonene was more in Neer kalka (35.1%) and carvone was more in Arka (64.35%) but cultivars CIM-Mohak and MSS-5 had almost same concentration of carvone and limonene. The study concludes that CIM-Mohak and MSS-5 can be grown for spearmint cultivation in sub-tropical conditions for higher returns.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adams R P. 2007. Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry, Allured Publication Corporation, Carol Stream, IL, USA.

Barakat A, Wakim L H, Apostolides N A, Srour G, Beyrouthy M E. 2013. Variation in the essential oils of Thymbra spicata L. growing wild in Lebanon according to the date of harvest. Journal of Essential Oil Research 25: 506–11.

Desai S, Pushpa T N, Srikantaprasad D, Kantharaju V, Biradar I B, Shalini R M, Asha M R. 2018. Effect of dates of plating on growth, yield and quality of Menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) cultivars planted during Rabi season. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7(9): 625–33.

Ghasemi pirbalouti A and Mohammadi M. 2013. Phytochemical composition of the essential oil of different populations of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biology 3: 123–28.

Inan M, Kirpik M, Kaya A, Kirici S. 2011. Effect of harvest time on essential oil composition of Thymbra spicata L. growing in Flora of Adiyaman. Advances in Environmental Biology 5: 356–58.

Jirovetz L, Buchbauer G, Shabi M and Ngassoum, M B. 2002. Comparative investigation of essential oil and volatiles of spearmint. Perfume Flavour 27(16): 152–56.

Kofidis G, Bosabalidis A and Kokkini S. 2004.Seasonal variation of essential oils in a linalool rich chemotype of Mentha spicata grown wild in Greece. Journal of Essential Oil Research 16: 469–72.

Lawrence B M. 2007. Mint: The Genus Mentha, p. 170. CRC Press. Boca Raton.

Mathella C S, Padalia R C, Chanotiya C S and Tiwari A. 2005. Carvone rich Mentha longifolia (Linn.): Chemical variation and commercial potential. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 8: 132–34.

Nilofer, Singh A K, Singh Saudan, Gangwar S P, Singh M, Singh R and Yadav A. 2015. Effect of weather conditions on growth, yield and quality of Menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) cultivars transplanted in different dates under sub-tropical climate of North India. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 6(2): 82–88.

Padalia R C, Verma R S, Chauhan Amit and Goswami P. 2014. Quality evaluation of elite mint cultivars in two cropping seasons in subtropical conditions of Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Essential Oil Research 27(1): 45–51

Padalia R C, Verma R S, Chauhan A, Sundaresan V and Chanotiya C S. 2013. Essential oil composition of sixteen elite cultivars of Mentha from western Himalayan region, India. Maejo. International Journal of Science and Technology 7(1): 83–93.

Pirbalouti A G, Hashemi M and Ghahfarokhic F T. 2013. Essential oil and chemical compositions of wild and cultivated Thymus daenensis Celak and Thymus vulgaris L. Industrial Crops and Products 48: 43–48.

Shafie M S B, Zain Hasan S M and Shah M S. 2009. Study of genetic variability of Wormwood capillary (Artemisia capillaris) using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) in Pahang region, Malaysia. Plant Omics 2: 127–34.

Sheoran O P, Tonk D S, Kaushik LS, Hasija R C and Pannu R S. 1998. Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers. Recent Advances in information theory, Statistics & Computer Applications by D.S. Hooda & R C Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar. 139-43.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-03-14

Published

2022-03-15

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

KUMAR, D., TIWARI, A. K., SURYAVANSHI, P., S VERMA, P. P., & PADALIA, R. C. (2022). Variation in yield and essential oil composition of Mentha spicata cultivars. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(2), 245-248. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i2.122230
Citation