Stakeholdersâ€™ Opinion Regarding Design of Agricultural Insurance in Punjab
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Keywords:Agricultural insurance, Index, Opinion, PMFBY, WBCIS
Agricultural Insurance is one of the mechanisms to stabilize and protect the farm economy. It can be used asÂ an important instrument of social and economic policy for the protection of farmers against unforeseen losses,Â to adapt to the effects of climate change and support the diversification of agriculture by encouraging theÂ growing of more risky crops. Agricultural Insurance schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima YojanaÂ (PMFBY) aim to improve the productivity and earnings of farmers while Weather Based Crop InsuranceÂ Scheme (WBCIS) aims to mitigate the hardship of the insured farmers against the likelihood of financial loss
on account of anticipated crop loss resulting from adverse weather conditions. In the present study theÂ opinion of the scientists and extensionists were studied. There was a significant difference in opinion ofÂ scientists and extensionists regarding the coverage of food crops, insurance unit and coverage of losses
under PMFBY. The focus of appropriating the index is to minimize the basis risk i.e. for PMFBY the insurance
unit is affixed as the village panchayat, coverage of post-harvest losses and trigger yield, whereas for the
WBCIS it is the density of weather station, coverage of parametric weather exigencies and correlation between
weather index and yield of the crop. In case of WBCIS, both the scientists and extensionists significantly
differed in their opinion regarding coverage of crops since; these were less risky crops for farmers of Punjab.
The insurance product planned for Punjab state needs to be designed based on strong agronomic principles
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