Effectiveness of Personal versus Online Extension Methods in Disseminating Knowledge on Household Waste Management
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Keywords:Extension methods, Personal contact, Video conferencing, ICT based messages, Print material, Intervention, Gain in knowledge
The article highlights the effectiveness of personal and online extension methods forÂ disseminating knowledge on household waste management. A pre-test, post-test experimental design was used for the study. Thirty women, each from five randomlyÂ selected urban localities of Ludhiana district of Punjab were selected for the study, making a total of 150 respondents as the sample size. Of the five urban localities, four localitiesÂ were randomly chosen for the experiment and one locality was chosen as the control group. Data was collected using a structured interview schedule consisting of a self-designed
knowledge test on household waste management. Findings revealed that all the selectedÂ extension methods were effective in disseminating knowledge to the respondents. The most effective extension method was personal contact + print material followed by videoÂ conferencing + ICT based messages, video conferencing, and personal contact method. Oneway ANOVA revealed significant differences in gain in knowledge by the respondents ofÂ the study groupsâ€™ p < 0.001. Post-hoc analysis further revealed that the effect of bothÂ personal and online extension methods when supplemented with educational materials and when used solo, had statistically similar effects on gain in knowledge.
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