Occupational Mobility in Farming Sector: An Analysis in Coastal and Tribal Districts of Odisha, India


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Authors

  • Anshuman Jena
  • Aditya Prasad Kanungo

Keywords:

Coastal, Farming, Mobility, Intergenerational, Occupation, Tribal

Abstract

The continuous migration of Indian rural youth from farming to the non-farming sector has caused concern among policymakers. If not checked, it is likely to affect future agricultural activities and thereby future agrarian economy. Present research was carried out in 2020 with a comparative analysis among the respondents of the coastal district (Jagatsinghpur) and tribal district (Mayurbhanj) of Odisha with a randomly chosen sample of 480 respondents, 240 from each district including 120 each from the first-generation (father) and second-generation (son). The study aimed to find out prevalence of intergenerational occupational mobility in farming sector by using transition probability matrix to describe the pattern of mobility and direction of their movement. A statistically significant difference was found between occupations of the first and second generation in both tribal and coastal districts with higher occupational mobility in the coastal district. The coastal district showed a 19.17% decrease in the numbers of farmers than the tribal district. The result showed 49% and 62 % of absolute mobility rates in intergenerational occupation in tribal and coastal districts, respectively. There was prevalence of both upward and downward mobility in occupation in the farming sector in both tribal and coastal districts of Odisha.

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Submitted

27.09.2022

Published

27.09.2022

How to Cite

Anshuman Jena, & Aditya Prasad Kanungo. (2022). Occupational Mobility in Farming Sector: An Analysis in Coastal and Tribal Districts of Odisha, India. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 58(4), 34–37. Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/128426