Climate Change Impact in the Tribal Localities of High Rainfall Zone of Tamil Nadu


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Authors

  • R Arunachalam Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Keywords:

Climate change, Impact, Ecosystem, Environment conservation, Awareness, Perception, Tribes

Abstract

The study was conducted in the high rainfall zone of Tamil Nadu during the years 2022-23  to document the impact of climate change, assess awareness and perception of the tribal communities, and suggest suitable strategies. The study was conducted in two tribal dominant villages of  Kanyakumari district with 60 tribal respondents selected using a simple random sampling technique. The PRA methods such as focused group discussion, seasonal calendar, timeline, and interactive group meetings were employed to document the climate-based issues and further categorized into ecosystem-based, livelihood based, and socio-cultural life-based. On these impacts, the awareness and perception of the respondents were assessed. A standardized interview schedule was employed for data collection. The results showed a marginal increase in the maximum temperature and minimum temperature. A marginal declining trend was observed in relative humidity and rainfall distribution compared with the base year value. The wind behaviour showed an erratic variation. Respondents faced different issues in their livelihood, ecosystem, and socio-cultural life. It has been suggested to establish a separate climate-based nodal agency to address the issues of climate change in the tribal localities.

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Submitted

07.06.2023

Published

30.06.2023

How to Cite

Climate Change Impact in the Tribal Localities of High Rainfall Zone of Tamil Nadu: -. (2023). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(3), 102-107. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/137398

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