Superiors’ Participatory Management Behaviour: Perception of Agriculture Officers in Banking Sector

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  • Souvik Ghosh Visva-Bharati (A Central University), Sriniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal- 731236
  • Arijit Roy Doctoral Scholar, Department of Agricultural Extension, Institute of Agriculture, Visva-Bharati University, Sriniketan, West Bengal- 731236


Agriculture field officers, Banking sector, Job experience, Superiors’ Behaviour, Motivation


The quality of the superior-subordinate relationship can significantly impact various aspects of participatory management behaviour. The study was conducted in 2022 to assess the superiors’ behaviour as perceived by a randomly selected 180 agriculture officers working in public sector banks in the state of West Bengal. Superiors’ behaviour was assessed based on the four domains-motivation, communication, coordination, and empathy which included 20 aspects on which responses of the selected agriculture officers were obtained on a 5-point continuum scale. Superiors’ behavioural characteristics were derived by mean perception score. Superiors’ motivating nature was found to be most admired by the respondents. Using ANOVA and post hoc tests, significant differences were identified between the groups of agriculture officers categorised based on the job experience in the banks with respect to various dimensions of superiors’ behaviour.  Respondents with experience of >10 years perceived overall superiors’ behaviour lowly (68.49) as compared to the other two groups with experience of up to five years (75.86) and >5-10 years (75.27), respectively. Such differences based on experience need to be addressed to create a more cohesive and thriving work environment for the agriculture officers in the banking sector to provide better financial assistance to the farmers.

Author Biography

  • Souvik Ghosh, Visva-Bharati (A Central University), Sriniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal- 731236

    Dr. Souvik Ghosh is presently Professor (Agricultural Extension) and former Head, Department of Agricultural Extension, Visva-Bharati. He was positioned as Visiting Scientist at Department of Economics, South Dakota State University, USA during 2016. Earlier he worked as Scientist and Senior Scientist at ICAR-Indian Institute of Water Management, Bhubaneswar during 2000-09 and 2009-13, respectively. He graduated as Gold Medalist in B.Sc. (Agril.) Hons. from Visva-Bharati University in the year 1995 and passed M.Sc. (Dairying) in Dairy Extension Education with Director’s Gold Medal at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal in 1997. After completion of Ph.D. (Agricultural Extension) from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi with distinction of Significant Post-Graduate Research in 2000, Dr. Ghosh joined Agricultural Research Service of ICAR on 10th July 2000. Dr. Ghosh has completed eight projects as PI and 22 projects as Co-PI. His outstanding work done in the field of agricultural extension research has brought many laurels including Lal Bahadur Shastri Outstanding Scientist Award 2011 of ICAR, ICAR Outstanding Team Research Award 2006, Dr. K.N. Singh Memorial Award 2017 of Indian Society of Extension Education (ISEE), Dr. Y.P. Singh Memorial Award 2018 of ISEE, Best Scientist Award of ICAR-Indian Institute of Water Management 2008, Institution Award 2006 of Institution of Engineers (India)- Orissa State Centre, ISEE Young Scientist Award 2005, etc. He is Fellow of ISEE, IARI, New Delhi and Society for Community Mobilization for Sustainable Development, New Delhi. A total of 304 publications of Dr. Ghosh include 137 papers in national and international journals and six books. For his book on “वैशà¥à¤µà¥€à¤•à¤°à¤£ और भारतीय खादà¥à¤¯ सà¥à¤°à¤•à¥à¤·à¤¾â€œ- Globalisation and Indian Food Security (ISBN-978-81-910947-0-1), Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Puraskar (First Prize) of Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India conferred by His Excellency President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on 14th September 2012. Notable contributions of Dr. Ghosh include development of methodologies for integrated assessment of recommended agricultural water management technologies from multi-layer multi stakeholders’ perspectives, formulation of impact assessment framework for participatory irrigation management (PIM) reforms, evaluation of an irrigation system from the farmers’ perspectives following fuzzy logic, construction of water user group dynamics index, assessment of irrigation-agriculture-livelihood-poverty links in eastern Indian states, studies on various issues of agricultural extension management, communication, climate change impact and adaptation, diversified farming and rural livelihood. He coordinated many National level trainers’ trainings sponsored by Ministry of Water Resources and Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for states’ line departments, irrigation departments, NGOs officials of different states as well as nine farmers’ trainings each of seven days duration on scaling-up of water productivity at different locations in which more than thousand farmers were trained. He delivered more than hundred invited lectures in farmers’ and trainers’ training programmes. His presence as invited/guest speakers in different forums and events organized by ICAR institutes, State Agricultural Universities, Central and State Government organizations as well as International organizations shows his recognition as an expert in the discipline of agricultural extension and participatory on-farm water management. He has also been involved in many other assignments like external expert in selection committees, editors in editorial committees of professional society’s journals, reviewer in the national and international journals, etc. He has made significant contributions for advancing the cause of agricultural extension research.


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How to Cite

Superiors’ Participatory Management Behaviour: Perception of Agriculture Officers in Banking Sector. (2023). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(4), 1-7.

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