Dietary Pattern and Nutritional Status of Households Consuming Small Millets in Bengaluru, Karnataka


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Authors

  • Amrutha T Scientist, ICAR-ATARI Zone VII, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • M G Chandrakanth Former Director, ISEC, Bengaluru
  • C Gowda H R Scientist, ICAR-RC for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • A K Mohanty Director, ICAR-ATARI Zone VII, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • A K Sigha Principal Scientist, ICAR-ATARI Zone VII, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • R Bordoloi Principal Scientist, ICAR-ATARI Zone VII, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • Kamni Paia Biam ICAR-Research Complex for North Eastern Hill Region, Umiam, Meghalaya

https://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2024.60106

Keywords:

Food consumption pattern,, Small millets, Nutrition, blood sugar

Abstract

The study examined the dietary patterns and nutritional status of households during 2020. High-income group among urban households of the population showed more preference towards small millets consumption due to their perceived health benefits, but the population in rural regions had higher per capita consumption of small millets (2.2 kg/capita/month) as compared to urbanites(1.4 kg/capita/month). The research also highlighted that 57 percent of rural households integrated small millets into their cultural practices, whereas about 40 percent of urban households perceived that consumption of small millets managed to regulate their blood sugar level. Furthermore, the study found that small millets constituted 32 percent of total energy intake in case of rural households, compared to 20 percent in urban areas. Notably, 67 percent of urban households and 80 percent of rural households reported experiencing the health benefits of consuming small millets. With these insights, the study suggests policy measures to include small millets in the Public Distribution System (PDS) and the Mid-Day Meal scheme. Additionally, it stresses upon the importance of disseminating information about the nutritional and health advantages of small millet consumption, aiming to encourage adoption in both rural and urban households.

Author Biography

  • Kamni Paia Biam, ICAR-Research Complex for North Eastern Hill Region, Umiam, Meghalaya

    Agricultural Extension

    Scientist

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Submitted

27.09.2023

Published

06.04.2024

How to Cite

Dietary Pattern and Nutritional Status of Households Consuming Small Millets in Bengaluru, Karnataka. (2024). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 60(1), 30-34. https://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2024.60106
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